D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
SPREADING DOGBANE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Apocynaceae   Apocynum

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium

Apocynum androsaemifolium
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium, leaf and flower and fruit
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Apocynum androsaemifolium, leaf and flower and fruit

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia conica @ UDCC_TCN (3)
Andrenidae  Andrena brevipalpis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (3)
Apidae  Anthophora bomboides @ BBSL (1)

Apis mellifera @ BBSL (1)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL (1)

Nomada articulata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta apocyni-androsaemifolii @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta apocyni @ BPI (11)
Colletidae  Hylaeus affinis @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Hylaeus episcopalis @ UCRC_ENT (69)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (9)

Hylaeus nevadensis @ UCRC_ENT (57)

Hylaeus wootoni @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium apocyni @ 399831B (1); 399831A (1); BPI (6)

Gloeosporium apocyni @ BPI (1)

Pyrenopeziza dearnessii @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Halictus confusus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum smilacinae @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum zonulum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades carinata @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Heriades carinatus @ BBSL (2)

Hoplitis producta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile brevis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile coquilletti @ BBSL (2)

Megachile frigida @ UCRC_ENT (12)

Megachile gemula @ UCRC_ENT (7); CUIC_ENT (1); BBSL (3)

Megachile melanophaea @ BBSL (1); CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile perihirta @ BBSL (1)

Megachile pugnata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ BBSL (3)

Megachile texana @ BBSL (5); UCRC_ENT (2)

Osmia cyanella @ BBSL (1)

Stelis coarctatus @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Stelis labiata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Stelis lateralis @ AMNH_BEE (5)
Melittidae  Macropis nuda @ AMNH_BEE (4); CUIC_ENT (44)
Orchidaceae  Stelis @ UCRC_ENT (3)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora apocyni @ BPI (12)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia smilacis @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium apocyni @ BPI (1)
_  Dearnessia apocyni @ BPI (9)

Pestalozziella andersonii @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum apocyni @ BPI (6)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Apocynum androsaemifolium L.

Spreading Dogbane

Apocynum androsaemifolium plant2

Family - Apocynaceae

Habit - Perennial herb, sometimes woody at base, with milky sap.

Stems - Ascending to erect, to 1.5 m, branched, glabrous, often glaucous, terete.

Leaves - Opposite, occasionally some subopposite or alternate, short-petiolate or sessile, the lower leaves typically drooping. Petioles to 5 mm. Leaf blades ovate to elliptic, to 9 cm, entire, the upper surface glabrous, the lower surface usually sparsely pubescent, rounded to angled and often mucronate at the tip, often somewhat asymmetrical at the rounded base.

Apocynum androsaemifolium leaves Pressed leaves.

Apocynum androsaemifolium leaves Fresh leaves.

Inflorescences - Terminal or axillary, branched loose clusters of few to many flowers. Flowers sweetly fragrant. Peduncles and pedicels glabrous. Peduncles to 4 cm long. Pedicels to 4 mm long in flower.

Apocynum androsaemifolium inflorescence2 Inflorescences.

Flowers - Calyces glabrous, the lobes 1.5-2.5 mm long, ovate-triangular. Corollas 5-lobed, bell-shaped, 4-7 mm long, whitish to pink, with pink stripes on the inner surface, the tube 3-4 mm long, usually more than twice as long as the calyx, 4-5 mm wide at the tip, the lobes 2-3 mm long, spreading or recurved. Stamens 5, curving inward to form a cone over the stigma, the filaments 0.8-1.1 mm long, hairy. Anthers 2.5-3.2 mm long. Nectar glands 5, green, alternating with stamens. Pistils 2, green, glabrous. Styles 0.7-1.0 mm long, the ovoid stigma about 1 mm long.

Apocynum androsaemifolium flowers3 Flowers.

Apocynum androsaemifolium flowers

Fruits - Follicles to 9 cm, pendent, slender, straight. Seeds numerous, 2-3 mm long, narrowly cylindrical, somewhat tapered toward the base, with a tuft of hairs at the truncate tip

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Dry open rocky woods, thickets, roadsides.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is scattered and not very common in Missouri. It is far more common in the upper Midwest and in the western half of the U.S. When blooming it is easy to identify by its distinctive flowers, which have recurved lobes and pink internal stripes. The species has been subdivided, and according to this classification Missouri plants would be referable to var. androsaemifolium .

This species has the typical white milky sap of the Apocynaceae and can be toxic if eaten. Fruit set is usually low despite the great popularity of the flowers with flying insects. Traditionally the plant was used as an emetic and a diuretic. The strong fibers of the plant can be made into rope.

Photographs taken at Pictured Rocks National Seashore, MI., 7-12-02 (DETenaglia); also in Larimer County, CO, 7-10-2014, 7-30-2017, and 6-23-2018 (SRTurner).


Back Home


Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APAN2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APAN2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APAN2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APAN2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APAN2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APAN2
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
spreading dogbane

Image of Apocynum androsaemifolium

General Information
Symbol: APAN2
Group: Dicot
Family: Apocynaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Apocynum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Placer Co. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Placer Co. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Plumas Co., Madora Lake. July 19, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Mount Adams, S.E. side, DNR quarry, 1219 m. August 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 21. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
APAM2 Apocynum ambigens Greene
APANP Apocynum androsaemifolium L. ssp. pumilum (A. Gray) B. Boivin
APANG2 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. glabrum Macoun
APANG4 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. griseum (Greene) Bég. & Beloserky
APANI3 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. incanum A. DC.
APANI2 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. intermedium Woodson
APANP3 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. pumilum A. Gray
APANT2 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. tomentellum (Greene) B. Boivin
APANW2 Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var. woodsonii B. Boivin
APPU Apocynum pumilum (A. Gray) Greene
APPUR Apocynum pumilum (A. Gray) Greene var. rhomboideum (Greene) Bég. & Beloserky
APSC Apocynum scopulorum Greene ex Rydb.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus Apocynum L. – dogbane
Species Apocynum androsaemifolium L. – spreading dogbane

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Apocynum androsaemifolium bitterroot flytrap dogbane spreading dogbane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West UPL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest UPL
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (APAN2)
CalPhotos (APAN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APAM2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APAN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APANG2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APANI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APANP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APPU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APPUR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSC)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (APAN2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (APAN2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (APAN2)
Native Plants Network (APAN2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (APAN2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (APAN2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (APAN2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Apocynum+androsaemifolium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Apocynum+androsaemifolium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 112
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Apocynum androsaemifolium%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0394 [detail]
© 1991 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Dogbane
ID: 1335 3153 0213 0079 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0017 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 1335 3153 0213 0088 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0024 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0021 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 0702 0571 [detail]
© 2002 Christopher L. Christie

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 8266 3261 2577 0014 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0025 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0018 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0019 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0431 [detail]
© 1992 Gary A. Monroe

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0491 [detail]
© 2001 Gary A. Monroe

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 8076 3101 0669 0072 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0022 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0023 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0434 [detail]
© 2001 Gary A. Monroe

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0564 [detail]
© 2001 Steven Thorsted

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Common Or Spreading Dogbane
ID: 8253 3202 4145 0018 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbane
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0433 [detail]
© 1982 Gary A. Monroe

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Bitter Dogbane
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0016 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Rocky Mountain Dogbane
ID: 8253 3202 4138 0137 [detail]
Walter Knight
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Indian Hemp, Dogbane
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0020 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading Dogbone
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0017 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-07-15 18:00:39 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation