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Arbutus xalapensis Kunth
TEXAS MADRONE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Arbutus


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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes vaporariorum @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Exobasidiaceae  Exobasidium vaccinii @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia ribifloris @ BBSL (1)
Miridae  Neurocolpus @ AMNH_ENT (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Poria medulla-panis @ BPI (4)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum sparsum @ BPI (1)
_  Fumago @ BPI (1)

Gn_ms_naranjakotta sp_ms_sidnica @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARXA80 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARXA80
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARXA80 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARXA80
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARXA80 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARXA80
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Arbutus xalapensis Kunth
Texas madrone

Image of Arbutus xalapensis

General Information
Symbol: ARXA80
Group: Dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Arbutus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

D.M. Earl. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NM, Lincoln National Forest. 1939. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . United States, TX, Guadalupe Pass. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Ranger Station. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Ranger Station. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Glass Mountains, Hess Ranch. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Glass Mountains, Hess Ranch. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Glass Mountains, Hess Ranch, China Tank. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, TX, Glass Mountains, Hess Ranch, China Tank. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Travis Co., Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. June 15, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Travis Co., Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. June 15, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Travis Co., Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. June 15, 2012. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ARTE Arbutus texana Buckley
ARXAT Arbutus xalapensis Kunth var. texana (Buckley) A. Gray

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae – Heath family
Genus Arbutus L. – madrone
Species Arbutus xalapensis Kunth – Texas madrone

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ARXA80)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARTE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARXA80)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARXAT)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ARXA80)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ARXA80)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA Vol. 8 Page 398, 399, 400 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Arbutus

3. Arbutus xalapensis Kunth in A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3(fol.): 219; 3(qto.): 279. 1819.

Texas madrone

Arbutus texana Buckley; A. xalapensis var . texana (Buckley) A. Gray

Shrubs or trees, 2-4(-8) m; bark brick red, peeling in smooth flakes over most larger limbs, retained on base of trunk on older specimens and eventually over most of oldest parts of plant, becoming gray, irregularly roughened (twigs of newly emerging shoots usually densely villous, often with mixture of glandular hairs, fully developed twigs hairy and/or glandular-hairy, or glabrate or glabrous, twig bark soon loosening and exfoliating, older twigs usually smooth, brick red or glaucous-grayish red). Leaves ± equal in size throughout; petiole 1.2-2.5 cm, base slightly decurrent, glabrate; blade green or slightly lighter green abaxially, pale or bright olive-green or glaucous-green, elliptic or slightly ovate-elliptic, (2.5-) 4-6(-7.5) × (1.2-)1.8-3(-4) cm, base usually tapered, rarely slightly cordate, (margins smooth or irregularly toothed on sprouts), apex acute or obtuse, surfaces glabrous or ± hairy. Inflorescences (often showy), varying from densely clustered or openly-branched to relatively few-flowered; axes hairy, with both glandular and eglandular hairs intermixed. Pedicels accrescent, obliquely erect to pendulous, 1.6-3.2 mm, hairy, with both glandular and eglandular hairs intermixed; bract (accrescent), clasping base, reddish or tan, scalelike, 1.3-2 mm (to 2.9-3 mm in fruit). Flowers: calyx tan (sometimes with blush of pink), (1.8-3 mm), lobes 1-1.2 mm, apex obtuse or rounded; corolla 5.1-5.4 (-6.1) mm (the larger on rapidly developing, more open, and elongated inflorescences); anthers ca. 1.5 mm, spurs 1/2-3/4 times length of thecae; ovary with 2-3(-5) ovules per locule. Berries deep red or blackish red, 5.5-7.5 mm diam. Seeds 2.5-3 mm. 2 n = 26.

Flowering (Feb-)Mar-Apr(-May); ripe fruit appears after about 6 weeks. Rough, stony hills, mountain slopes, calcareous ledges; 300-2200 m; N.Mex., Tex.; Mexico; Central America.

Arbutus xalapensis is frequent in the Edwards Plateau hill country southwest of Austin, Texas, where it is associated with junipers, oaks, and mesquite at moderate elevations. Westward, in the Chisos, Davis, and Guadalupe mountains, it occurs in the pinyon-juniper zone at higher elevations (to 2200 meters). In the Animas Mountains of Hidalgo County, southwestern New Mexico, A . xalapensis has limited contact with A. arizonica , and some herbarium specimens suggest that hybridization occurs there. Confirmation will require a more detailed analysis of those populations.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Arbutus+xalapensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Arbutus+xalapensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Arbutus xalapensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madroño Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 1014 0318 [detail]
© 2014 Richard Spellenberg

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madroño Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 1014 0319 [detail]
© 2014 Richard Spellenberg

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1426 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1336 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1337 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1338 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1339 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1340 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono Blanco
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1342 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
ID: 0000 0000 0217 0194 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono, Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0417 1108 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono, Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0417 1109 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Madrono, Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0417 1110 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0617 2004 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0617 2005 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0617 2006 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0617 2007 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0717 0621 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Arbutus xalapensis
Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone
ID: 0000 0000 0717 0622 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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