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Betula papyrifera Marshall
PAPER BIRCH
Kenai Birch

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Betula

Betula papyrifera
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Betula papyrifera

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Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula papyrifera

Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula papyrifera

Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Betula papyrifera

Betula papyrifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark

Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark
Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch, bark

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanthosomatidae  Elasmucha lateralis @ NCSU (5)
Alcyoniidae  Rhytisma @ BPI (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia perniciosi @ UCRC_ENT (10)
Aphididae  Calaphis betulaecolens @ CSCA_TCN (3); NCSU_ENT (14); CSUC_TCN (7)

Calaphis coloradensis @ CSUC_TCN (1)

Calaphis flava @ CSUC_TCN (7); NCSU_ENT (5)

Callipterinella calliptera @ NCSU_ENT (9); CSUC_TCN (2); CSCA_TCN (3)

Callipterinella minutissima @ NCSU_ENT (23)

Cepegillettea betulaefoliae @ CSUC_TCN (1)

Chaitophorus populicola @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Euceraphis betulae @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Euceraphis gillettei @ CSCA_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (3)

Euceraphis mucida @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Symydobius americanus @ NCSU (15)
Boletaceae  Leccinum scabrum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dichomera @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta coryli @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis betulae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis @ BPI (1)
Bulgariaceae  Holwaya leptosperma @ BPI (1)
Calosphaeriaceae  Calosphaeria ciliatula @ BPI (1)

Calosphaeria @ BPI (2)

Phragmocalosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Menispora tortuosa @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Eratoneura misera @ III (4)

Eratoneura parallela @ III (4)

Eratoneura trautmanae @ III (2)

Erythridula aspera @ III (2)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula enata @ III (1)

Erythridula praecisa @ III (5)

Oncopsis minor @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Oncopsis variabilis @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Cicadidae  Magicicada septendecim @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Magicicada @ AMNH_ENT (3)
Clavariaceae  Clavaria contorta @ BPI (1)

Clavaria stricta @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium crustaceum @ BPI (2)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (3)

Corticium septentrionale @ BPI (1)

Corticium sulphureum @ BPI (1)

Corticium tuberculatum @ BPI (2)
Corynidae  Coryne sarcoides @ BPI (2)
Cystostereaceae  Cystostereum murrayi @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Chlorosplenium aeruginascens @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporium betulae @ BPI (3)

Dermea molliuscula @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Aonidomytilus ceanothi @ CSCA_TCN (3)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype disciformis @ BPI (2)

Diatrype stigma @ BPI (17)

Diatrypella betulina @ BPI (37)

Diatrypella decorata @ BPI (3)

Diatrypella discoidea @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella favacea @ BPI (6)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ 579685B (1); BPI (11); 579685A (1)

Eutypella angulosa @ BPI (2)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (1)

Eutypella scoparia @ BPI (1)

Libertella betulina @ BPI (11)

Libertella @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia guttata @ BPI (6)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia candida @ BPI (1)

Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Fenestellaceae  Fenestella @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (8)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (19)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma applanatum @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Ophiognomonia alni-viridis @ BPI (2)

Ophiognomonia intermedia @ BPI (3)

Ophiognomonia ischnostyla @ BPI (1)

Ophiognomonia @ BPI (2)
Hapalopilaceae  Bjerkandera adusta @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Chlorociboria aeruginascens @ BPI (1)

Godronia cassandrae @ BPI (1)

Scleroderris seriata @ BPI (2)

Tympanis alnea @ BPI (1)

Tympanis mutata @ BPI (1)
Hericiaceae  Hericium ramosum @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Arachnopeziza aurelia @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)

Polystictus hirsutus @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea aureoviridis @ BPI (1)

Trichoderma citrinoviride @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium pulicare @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia pallescens @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria hirsuta @ BPI (1)
Lycoperdaceae  Lycoperdon pyriforme @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Kleidocerys resedae @ UDCC_TCN (6)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis decoraensis @ BPI (3)

Melanconis stilbostoma @ BPI (11)

Melanconium betulinum @ BPI (1)

Melanconium bicolor @ BPI (4)

Pseudovalsa lanciformis @ BPI (2)
Melanommataceae  Melanomma pulvis-pyrius @ BPI (2)

Melanomma subdispersum @ BPI (2)
Meruliaceae  Chondrostereum purpureum @ BPI (1)

Merulius ceracellus @ BPI (1)

Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (3)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Amblytylus nasutus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Blepharidopterus angulatus @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Ceratocapsus modestus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Microtechnites bractatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Psallus betuleti @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Mycocaliciaceae  Mycocalicium parietinum @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria betulae @ BPI (3)

Septoria betulicola @ BPI (4)

Septoria betulina @ BPI (1)
Mytilinidiaceae  Taeniolella exilis @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (4)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (1)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (5)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (22)

Nectria pithoides @ BPI (3)

Nectria @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Coronophora @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Patellaria @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (2)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora martiana @ BPI (2)

Peniophora sanguinea @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium fusiforme @ BPI (2)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)

Pleomassaria siparia @ BPI (7)

Prosthemium betulinum @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus serotinus @ BPI (2)

Pleurotus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Daedaleopsis confragosa @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (10)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (41)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (44)

Fomes nigricans @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (12)

Hirschioporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Lentinus cochleatus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (8)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (4)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (1)

Panus rudis @ BPI (5)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus arcularius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus betulinus @ BPI (21)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (3)

Polyporus chioneus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus conchifer @ BPI (2)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (4)

Polyporus distortus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus elegans @ BPI (6)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (15)

Polyporus osseus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (12)

Polyporus picipes @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pubescens @ BPI (12)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus resinosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus rigidus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sanguineus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus semipileatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tephroleucus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus velutinus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (7)

Poria ferrea @ BPI (4)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (1)

Poria laevigata @ BPI (11)

Poria nigrescens @ BPI (1)

Poria obliqua @ BPI (8)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (7)

Poria subfuscoflavida @ BPI (1)

Poria tenuis @ BPI (1)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes hispida @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (1)

Tyromyces hyalinus @ BPI (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsoridium betulinum @ BPI (15)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex lacteus @ BPI (2)

Irpex tulipiferae @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus canadensis @ BPI (1)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum erumpens @ BPI (1)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (6)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (10)

Stereum lobatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum murrayi @ BPI (7)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (13)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (1)

Stereum tuberculosum @ BPI (2)

Stereum versicolor @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Flammula @ BPI (1)

Pholiota adiposa @ BPI (2)

Pholiota squarrosa @ BPI (3)

Pholiota squarrosoides @ BPI (2)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina americana @ BPI (4)

Taphrina boycei @ BPI (1)

Taphrina carnea @ BPI (6)

Taphrina flava @ BPI (7)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium citrinum @ BPI (2)

Mycena subcaerulea @ BPI (1)

Trogia alni @ BPI (1)

Trogia crispa @ BPI (5)
Tubeufiaceae  Helicoma curtisii @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cryptospora betulae @ BPI (6)

Cytospora betulina @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Radulum owensii @ BPI (1)

Valsa ceratophora @ 700906C (1); 700906B (1); 700906A (1)

Valsa horrida @ BPI (1); 701211B (1); 701211A (1)

Valsa @ BPI (1)

Valsella polyspora @ BPI (2)

Winterella confusa @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Atopospora betulina @ BPI (1)

Venturia ditricha @ BPI (1)
Vibrisseaceae  Vibrissea truncorum @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia concentrica @ BPI (7)

Daldinia occidentalis @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon mammatum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (11)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia ligniaria @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia pulveracea @ BPI (2)
_  Cytosporina betulina @ BPI (1)

Exosporium caespitosum @ BPI (2)

Hypochnus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Ustulina vulgaris @ BPI (1)

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Betula papyrifera Marshall
paper birch

Image of Betula papyrifera

General Information
Symbol: BEPA
Group: Dicot
Family: Betulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Betula thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boston, Arnold Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Boston, Arnold Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, NH, Mount Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, WI, Nicolet National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

R.S. Kellog. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AK, Fairbanks. 1909. Usage Requirements .

R.K. LeBarron. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . 1939. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1942. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 609. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae – Birch family
Genus Betula L. – birch
Species Betula papyrifera Marshall – paper birch

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Betula papyrifera . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Betula papyrifera</i>
Marshall var. <i>
cordifolia</i>
(Regel) Fernald
Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia
mountain paper birch Distribution of <i>
Betula papyrifera</i>
Marshall var. <i>
kenaica</i>
(W.H. Evans) A. Henry
Betula papyrifera var. kenaica
Kenai birch Distribution of <i>
Betula papyrifera</i>
Marshall var. <i>
papyrifera </i>
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
paper birch

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Alaska
Cook Inlet Lowlands FACU
Interior Alaska Highlands FAC
Interior Alaska Lowlands FACU
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BEPA)
CalPhotos (BEPA)
Flora of North America (BEPA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BEPA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BEPA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (BEPA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BEPA)
Native Plants Network (BEPA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (BEPA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BEPA)
Related Websites
CABI Forestry Compendium (BEPA)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (BEPA)
Common Tree Species of the Northwest Forest (BEPA)
FL-USDA Forest Service Fact Sheet (BEPA)
Forestry Images (BEPA)
IL-Selecting Trees For Your Home (Univ. of Illinois Extension) (BEPA)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (BEPA)
NC-North Carolina State University Plant Fact Sheets (BEPA)
NC-Western North Carolina Nature Center (BEPA)
NH-State Plants (BEPA)
Natural History of the North Woods (BEPA)
OH-Is Betula papyrifera Indigenous to Ohio (BEPA)
UK-Plants for a Future (BEPA)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (BEPA)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (BEPA)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History (BEPA)
WI-Trees of Wisconsin (BEPA)
WI-Wisconsin Botanical Information System (BEPA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Minor Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Moderate

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Betula

6. Betula papyrifera Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 19. 1785.

Paper birch, canoe birch, white birch, bouleau blanc, bouleau à papier

Betula alba Linnaeus var. papyrifera (Marshall) Spach; B . papyracea Aiton; B . papyrifera var. commutata (Regel) Fernald; B . papyrifera var. elobata (Fernald) Sargent; B . papyrifera var. macrostachya Fernald; B . papyrifera var. pensilis Fernald; B . papyrifera var. subcordata (Rydberg ex B. T. Butler) Sargent

Trees , to 30 m, usually 20 m or shorter; trunks often single, sometimes 2 or more, mature crowns narrowly round. Bark of young trunks and branches dark reddish brown, smooth, in maturity creamy to chalky white or pale to (infrequently) dark brown, readily exfoliating in paper-thin sheets; lenticels pale, horizontal, in maturity dark, much expanded, horizontal. Twigs without strong odor and taste of wintergreen, slightly to moderately pubescent, infrequently with scattered, small, resinous glands. Leaf blade ovate with 9 or fewer pairs of lateral veins, 5--9(--12) × 4--7 cm, base rounded, cuneate, or truncate, margins sharply to coarsely or irregularly doubly serrate or serrate-dentate, apex acute to short-acuminate; surfaces abaxially sparsely to moderately pubescent, often velutinous along major veins and in vein axils, covered with minute, resinous glands. Infructescences pendulous, cylindric, 2.5--5 × 0.6--1.2 cm, readily shattering with fruits in late fall; scales pubescent to glabrous, lobes diverging at or proximal to middle, central lobe narrowly elongate, obtuse, lateral lobes about equal in length to central lobe but several times broader, strongly divergent, held nearly at right angles to axis. Samaras with wings as broad as or slightly broader than body, extended nearly beyond body apically. 2 n = 56, 70, 84.

Flowering late spring. Moist, ± open, upland forest, especially on rocky slopes, also sometimes in swampy woods; 300--900 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Vt., Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo.

Betula papyrifera is a well-known tree of the northern forest with its paper-thin, white, peeling bark. The bark, which has a high oil content and is consequently waterproof, was used for a wide variety of building and clothing purposes by the American Indians, including the covering of the familiar birch bark canoe. It is still used for various purposes, including basketmaking, in Canada and Alaska. Variants having more or less close, dark brown bark ( B. papyrifera var. commutata ) occur locally throughout the wide range of this species; this characteristic appears to be largely environmentally caused. The species is an important successional tree, coming up readily after fires, logging, or the abandonment of cultivated land. The relatively soft, whitish wood is used extensively for such items as clothespins, spools, ice cream sticks, and toothpicks, as well as for pulpwood for paper.

Betula papyrifera is the state tree of New Hampshire.

Native Americans use Betula papyrifera medicinally in enemas, to shrivel the womb, to alleviate stomach cramps and pain, and as a tonic (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Betula × sandbergii Britton is a fairly common hybrid, occurring where the ranges of the parents ( B. papyrifera Marshall and B. pumila Linnaeus) come into contact. In most vegetative features it is intermediate between the parental conditions (K. E. Clausen 1963; C. O. Rosendahl 1928).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+papyrifera+var.+papyrifera+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+papyrifera+var.+papyrifera+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2479 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2480 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2481 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2482 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2483 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2484 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2485 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2486 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2487 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2488 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2489 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2490 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2491 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2492 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2493 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2494 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2495 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2496 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2497 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2498 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2499 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+papyrifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+papyrifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 51
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Betula papyrifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0163 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0588 [detail]
© 2003 Charles Stephen

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0649 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0650 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0652 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1269 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
(shown with Caltha palustris )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0490 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
(shown with Caltha palustris )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0491 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
(shown with Caltha palustris )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0492 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
(shown with Caltha palustris )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0493 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
(shown with Caltha palustris )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0494 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1283 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0023 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0024 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0594 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0595 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0597 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0598 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0599 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1526 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1527 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1529 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1530 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1532 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-11-15 12:51:24 gmt
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