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Betula pendula Roth
SILVER BIRCH
Betula alba L pro parte; Betula verrucosa Ehrh; European white birch; European weeping birch

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Betula

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Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula
Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula

Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula
Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula

Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula
Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula

Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula
Betula pendula
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula

Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata

Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata

Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Betula pendula x pubescens = B. x aurata

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia conica @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Betulaphis brevipilosa @ CSCA_TCN (12)

Betulaphis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Callipterinella calliptera @ AMNH_PBI (2); CSUC_TCN (4); CSCA_TCN (17); NCSU_ENT (7)

Euceraphis betulae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Hamamelistes spinosus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Atheliaceae  Plicaturopsis crispa @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (25)

Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Praon flavinodis @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Trioxys ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Clavicipitaceae  Moelleriella betulae @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrypella favacea @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea betulina @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Anisogramma virgultorum @ BPI (1)

Diaporthella aristata @ BPI (1)

Discula betulae @ BPI (1)

Discula betulina @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia betulina @ BPI (1)

Ophiovalsa betulae @ BPI (1)

Xenotypa aterrima @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Phellinus laevigatus @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea sulphurea @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis stilbostoma @ BPI (7)

Melanconium betulinum @ BPI (5)

Melanconium bicolor @ BPI (2)

Pseudovalsa lanciformis @ BPI (3)
Melanommataceae  Pseudospiropes longipilus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Blepharidopterus angulatus @ AMNH_PBI (40)

Psallus falleni @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Psallus wagneri @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria betulae @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Cosmospora magnusiana @ BPI (2)

Tubercularia @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Myxocyclus polycistis @ BPI (9)

Pleomassaria siparia @ BPI (8)

Prosthemium betulinum @ BPI (15)

Splanchnonema argus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Daedaleopsis septentrionalis @ BPI (1)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (1)

Polyporus betulinus @ BPI (2)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsoridium betulinum @ BPI (5)
Reduviidae  Phymata @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Kuehneromyces mutabilis @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina betulae @ BPI (13)

Taphrina betulina @ BPI (8)
Valsaceae  Cytospora beticola @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Winterella betulae @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia concentrica @ BPI (1)
_  Bactrodesmium betulicola @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium neesii @ BPI (2)

Melanconidium betulinum @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma betulinum @ BPI (2)

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Following served from Skanska Garder
   
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Following modified from Kulak
   
Top | See original

http://www.kulak.ac.be/facult/wet/biologie/pb/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm ---> http://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/facult/wet/biologie/pb/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm
http://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/facult/wet/biologie/pb/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm ---> http://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm
http://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm ---> https://www.kuleuven-kulak.be/kulakbiocampus/bomen-heesters/Betula%20pendula%20-%20Ruwe%20berk/04-ruwe_berk_B4.htm

Following modified from N.C. State University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/trees-new/betula_pendula.html

Following modified from UCONN Horticulture
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/b/betpen/betpen1.html

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/bpendula.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BEPE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BEPE3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BEPE3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEPE3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEPE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEPE3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Betula pendula Roth
European white birch

Image of Betula pendula

General Information
Symbol: BEPE3
Group: Dicot
Family: Betulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Betula thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Davis, University of California Davis Arboretum. February 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, Davis, University of California Davis Arboretum. February 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Russian Federation. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BEPED Betula pendula Roth f. dalecarlica (L. f.) C.K. Schneid.
BEVE2 Betula verrucosa Ehrh.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae – Birch family
Genus Betula L. – birch
Species Betula pendula Roth – European white birch

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BEPE3)
CalPhotos (BEPE3)
Flora of North America (BEPE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BEPE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BEVE2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BEPE3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BEPE3)
Related Websites
Diputacio de Girona, Espana: image & text (in English) (BEPE3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 3 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Betula

13. Betula pendula Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 405. 1788.

Weeping birch, European white birch, silver birch, bouleau pleureur

Betula verrucosa Ehrhart

Trees , to 25 m; trunks usually several, crowns spreading. Bark of mature trunks and branches creamy to silvery white, smooth, exfoliating as long strands; lenticels dark, horizontally expanded. Branches pendulous; twigs glabrous, usually dotted with small resinous glands. Leaf blade broadly ovate to rhombic with 5--18 pairs of lateral veins, 3--7 × 2.5--5 cm, base cuneate, rarely truncate, margins coarsely and sharply doubly serrate, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially glabrous to sparsely pubescent, covered with minute, resinous glands. Infructescences erect to nearly pendulous, cylindric, 2--3.5 × 0.6--1 cm, shattering with fruits in fall; scales adaxially sparsely pubescent, lobes diverging at middle, central lobe obtuse, much shorter than lateral lobes, lateral lobes broad, rounded, extended. Samaras with wings much broader than body, broadest near center, extended beyond body apically. 2 n = 28, 56.

Flowering late spring. Abandoned plantings, roadsides, edges of bogs, waste places; 0--350 m; B.C., Man., Ont.; Conn., Mass., N.H., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., Vt., Wash.; Europe; Asia.

The Eurasian weeping birch ( Betula pendula ) is extensively cultivated throughout the temperate range of the flora, and it has been known to persist or to become locally naturalized in several areas, particularly in the Northeast. In vegetative features it resembles B . populifolia Marshall, to which it is closely allied; it can easily be distinguished from the latter by its peeling bark, as well as by its mostly pubescent leaves with somewhat shorter, acuminate apices.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+pendula+var.+pendula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+pendula+var.+pendula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Betula pendula var. pendula%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1494 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1495 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1496 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1497 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0088 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0089 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0090 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0091 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0968 [detail]
© 2006 Ivo Petrich

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0969 [detail]
© 2006 Ivo Petrich

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0970 [detail]
© 2006 Ivo Petrich

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0971 [detail]
© 2006 Ivo Petrich

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+pendula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+pendula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 27
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Betula pendula%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0977 [detail]
© 2007 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0210 2558 [detail]
© 2010 Tommaso Sitzia

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2049 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 1215 3538 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0516 1860 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0516 1858 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0516 1859 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0516 1935 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 1216 4226 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0417 0484 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0417 2130 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0917 2409 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 0917 2411 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
ID: 0000 0000 1119 1254 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula
Betula pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0119 1798 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1494 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1495 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1496 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1497 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0088 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0089 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0090 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0091 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Betula pendula var. pendula
Betula pendula var. pendula
Silver Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0968 [detail]
© 2006 Ivo Petrich

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-11-15 12:51:37 gmt
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