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Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.
DOWNY PAGODA-PLANT
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Blephilia

Blephilia ciliata, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Blephilia ciliata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Blephilia ciliata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, stem - showing leaf bases

Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Blephilia ciliata, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, whole plant - in flower - general view

Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Blephilia ciliata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Blephilia ciliata, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Blephilia ciliata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, stem - showing leaf bases
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Blephilia ciliata, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Blephilia ciliata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Blephilia ciliata, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus impatiens @ PN- (2)

Triepeolus lunatus @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ PN- (1); MLSB__N16- (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon texanus @ MLSB__N16- (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades leavitti @ BBSL (1)

Megachile petulans @ BBSL (1)

Megachile rotundata @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Megachile texana @ BBSL (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora blephiliae @ BPI (1)

Septoria menthicola @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia menthae @ BPI (4); 084595A (1)
_  Cercoseptoria blephiliae @ BPI (1)

Chloropidae @ PN- (1)

Nymphalidae @ PN- (1)

Sphecidae @ PN- (1)

Vespidae @ PN- (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.

Ohio Horse Mint

Blephilia ciliata plant2

Family - Lamiaceae

Habit - Rhizomatous perennial forb with fibrous roots.

Stems - Erect, to 60 cm, usually unbranched above base, sometimes stoloniferous, multiple or single from base, 4-angled, densely pubescent, hollow, fragrant.

Blephilia ciliata stem Stem.

Blephilia ciliata stem2
Stem and leaves.

Leaves - Opposite, decussate, sessile to short-petiolate, fragrant. Petioles to 1.2 cm long, hirsute to villous. Blades to 8 cm long, 5 cm broad, lanceolate to ovate, acute to blunt, ciliate margined, toothed, pubescent on both surfaces, often with longer hairs along main veins on underside.

Blephilia ciliata leaf1 Leaf adaxial.

Blephilia ciliata leaf2 Leaf abaxial.

Inflorescence - Terminal spikes consisting of 1-5 dense, headlike clusters that are noticeably separate along the axis, each with numerous flowers, these sessile or nearly so, subtended by a pair of leaflike bracts and an involucre of conspicuous bractlets, these sessile, ovate, 6-11 mm long, with spreading hairs on the margins. Bracts only slightly exceeding the flowers.

Blephilia ciliata inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Calyces zygomorphic, symmetric at the base, more or less cylindric, the tube to 6 mm, strongly 13-ribbed, glabrous in the mouth, hairy externally, 2-lipped, the lobes shorter than to about as long as the tube, the upper lip 3-lobed, noticeably longer than the 2-lobed lower lip, the lobes narrowly triangular. Corollas zygomorphic, lavender with darker spots, the outer surface pubescent with fine, spreading hairs, the inner surface glabrous, the tube to 1 cm, funnelform, relatively shallowly 2-lipped, the upper lip shallowly 2-lobed, slightly concave to spreading to recurved, the lower lip more or less straight to slightly spreading, 3-lobed. Stamens 2, fused at apex of corolla tube, initially hidden under the upper corolla lip, but becoming exserted at maturity. Filaments to 4.5mm long, glabrous, lilac to purplish. Anthers small, the connective very short and inconspicuous, the pollen sacs 2, appearing more or less sessile and spreading from the filament tip, pink or purplish-tinged to white or pale yellow. Ovary deeply lobed, the style appearing lateral to nearly basal from a deep apical notch. Style exserted, unequally 2-branched at the tip.

Blephilia ciliata calyces Calyces (top view).

Blephilia ciliata flowers2 Flowers.

Blephilia ciliata flowers Bracts and flowers.

Fruits - Dry schizocarps, separating into 4 nutlets, these 0.9-1.2 mm long, oblong-obovoid, the surface reddish brown or black, glabrous, unevenly roughened or pebbled.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Upland woods, glades, bluffs, roadsides.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - Blephilia hirsuta .

Other info. - This species is found from the U.S. Midwest eastward, and into Canada. It is common in much of Missouri, with the exception of the western third of the state. The Blephilia genus is recognized by the characteristic "stacked" inflorescences appearing like little pagodas. Missouri's two representatives of this genus can be distinguished by a number of attributes. Relative to B. hirsuta , Blephilia ciliata has: a shorter and less branched habit; shorter leaf petioles; flowers which are usually lavender colored rather than white; a preference for drier habitats; and a fragrance which is more like oregano than mint. Both make desirable garden plants, being pleasantly fragrant, striking when in flower, and good for attracting flying insects.

The genus name means "eye lashes" and is so named because of the long cilia on the bracts subtending the flowers. According to Steyermark, pioneers ate the young plants as spring greens. The Cherokee used the leaves in a poultice to treat headaches.

Photographs taken in Eminence, MO., 5-23-03 (DETenaglia); also at Razor Hollow Natural Area in Daniel Boone Conservation Area, Warren County, MO, 6-25-2013, and at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 5-30-2014 (SRTurner).


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth.
downy pagoda-plant

Image of Blephilia ciliata

General Information
Symbol: BLCI
Group: Dicot
Family: Lamiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Blephilia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 135. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family
Genus Blephilia Raf. – pagoda-plant
Species Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth. – downy pagoda-plant

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut downy woodmint Special Concern
Iowa pagoda plant Threatened
Massachusetts downy wood-mint Endangered
New York downy wood-mint Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BLCI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BLCI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BLCI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (BLCI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BLCI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BLCI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BLCI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Blephilia+ciliata+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Blephilia+ciliata+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Blephilia ciliata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4617 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4618 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4619 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4620 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4621 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4622 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4623 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4624 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4625 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4626 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Blephilia ciliata
Blephilia ciliata
Downy Pagoda-plant
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4627 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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