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Campanula rotundifolia L.
HAREBELL
Campanula giesekiana auct, non Vest; Bluebell bellflower

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Campanulaceae   Campanula

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

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Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Campanula rotundifolia

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma gentianae @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena geranii @ AMNH_BEE (3); UCRC_ENT (2)
Apidae  Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus sylvicola @ DART_ENT (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium campanulae @ BPI (48)
Colletidae  Colletes brevicornis @ BBSL (3); AMNH_BEE (18); BBSL__BOULD (5)
Halictidae  Dufourea maura @ BBSL (1); BBSL__BOULD (3); RMBL_ENT (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Lasioglossum knereri @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum sedi @ BBSL (1); RMBL_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum tenax @ BBSL (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile frigida @ BBSL__BOULD (4); BBSL (3)

Megachile gemula @ BBSL (1); UCRC_ENT (2)

Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile melanophaea @ BBSL (6); AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__BOULD (12); DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (6)

Megachile perihirta @ BBSL (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora campanulae @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella allicina @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria doliolum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia campanulae @ BPI (5)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium aureum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Campanula rotundifolia  L.

Harebell, Bluebell

Campanula rotundifolia plant2

Family - Campanulaceae

Habit - Slender perennial forb, with shallow roots and slender rhizomes and/or stolons.

Stems - Loosely ascending to erect, to 70 cm, not reclining on adjacent plants, glabrous or inconspicuously hairy in lines, sometimes sparsely branched toward tip.

Campanula rotundifolia stem2 Stem and leaves.

Leaves - Basal leaves often absent at flowering, with a long, slender petiole 2-3 cm long, the blade 0.5-1.0 cm long, 0.5-0.8 cm wide, broadly ovate to nearly circular, shallowly cordate, rounded, or broadly angled at the base, rounded or angled to a bluntly or sharply pointed tip, entire or few-toothed, glabrous. Stem leaves gradually reduced upward, long-petiolate to sessile, the blade 3-6 cm long, those of the lower leaves narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, those of the upper leaves narrowly lanceolate to linear, angled or short-tapered at the base, tapered at the tip, entire, glabrous.

Campanula rotundifolia basals Basal rosette.

Inflorescence - Terminal racemes or sometimes panicles of 3-8-flowers, the flowers nodding.

Flowers - Calyx tube 2-3 mm long, the lobes 4-5 mm long, linear. Corolla actinomorphic, bell-shaped, the tube 6-10 mm long, the 5 lobes 3-4 mm long, light blue to blue. Style 10-11 mm long at flowering, enclosed in the corolla, not elongating markedly as the fruits mature, the stigma usually 3-lobed. Stamens 5. Pistil 1 per flower, of 2-5 fused carpels. Ovules numerous.

Campanula rotundifolia calyx2 Calyx.

Campanula rotundifolia flowers Nodding flowers.

Campanula rotundifolia flowers2 Corollas.

Fruits - Capsules, 4-5 mm long, 2.5-3.0 mm in diameter, obconic to narrowly obovoid, pendent, dehiscing by 3 basal pores. Seeds 0.6-0.9 mm long, narrowly ellipsoid, brown, shiny.

Flowering - June-July.

Habitat - Moist, shaded, north-facing crevices of dolomite bluffs.

Origin - Native to U.S. and Eurasia.

Lookalikes - Campanula aparinoides .

Other info. - This delicate little species has only been reported from one county (Shannon) in Missouri. There it exists along bluffs of the Jack's Fork River, probably as a glacial relict protected and persisting from the time of the last Ice Age, following the retreat of the Pleistocene ice sheets. Though rare in Missouri, it is quite common in states to our west and north. The U.S. distribution is roughly shaped like a gigantic "T", and includes all states along the U.S. northern border (and Canada as well), as well as a perpendicular band reaching down through the Rockies to the Mexican border. The plant is fairly easy to identify from its blue, nodding and bell-shaped flowers and linear upper leaves. However, it does resemble a close sibling, C. aparinoides , which is also quite uncommon in Missouri. This latter plant has weaker stems and leaves with hairs on the margins and midvein.

The specific eptithet "rotundifolia" appears to make no sense at first, since the leaves on flowering plants are typically very narrow. In fact, the name refers to the basal leaves, which are indeed rotund, and which are often withered by flowering time. The flower closeup above shows both an undivided and a 3-lobed style. The lobed division occurs as the stigmas become receptive to pollen.

Photographs taken along the Jack's Fork River, Shannon County, MO., 6-22-03, and in Marquette, MI., 9-8-03 (DETenaglia); also in Rocky Mountain National Park, Larimer County, CO, 7-10-2014, 7-31-2017, and 6-23-2018, and Yellowstone National Park, Park County, WY, 7-20-2014 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CARO2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CARO2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CARO2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CARO2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CARO2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CARO2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Campanula rotundifolia L.
bluebell bellflower

Image of Campanula rotundifolia

General Information
Symbol: CARO2
Group: Dicot
Family: Campanulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
GL   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Campanula thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CO, Rocky Mountain National Park. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CO, Rocky Mountain National Park. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CO, Denver Botanic Gardens. August 11, 2003. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Carole Ritchie. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, OH, Put-in Bay. Usage Requirements .

©Mary Clay Stensvold. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AK, S.E. region, Cleveland Peninsula, Gold Mountain. Usage Requirements .

©Mary Clay Stensvold. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AK, S.E. region, Myriad Islands, Chichagof Island. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Mount Rainier National Park, Knapsack Pass. August 24, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 295. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CAAL19 Campanula alaskana (A. Gray) W. Wight ex J.P. Anderson
CADU9 Campanula dubia A. DC.
CAGI15 Campanula gieseckiana Vest ex Schult.
CAGIG4 Campanula gieseckiana Vest ex Schult. ssp. groenlandica (Berlin) Böcher
CAGIA2 Campanula gieseckiana Vest ex Schult. var. arctica (Lange) Böcher
CAGR39 Campanula groenlandica Berlin
CAHE15 Campanula heterodoxa Bong.
CAIN28 Campanula intercedens Witasek
CAPE27 Campanula petiolata A. DC.
CAROG Campanula rotundifolia L. ssp. groenlandica (Berlin) Á. Löve & D. Löve
CAROI2 Campanula rotundifolia L. ssp. intercedens (Witasek) Á. Löve & D. Löve
CAROA4 Campanula rotundifolia L. var. alaskana A. Gray
CAROA5 Campanula rotundifolia L. var. alpina Tuck.
CAROA6 Campanula rotundifolia L. var. arctica Lange
CAROI Campanula rotundifolia L. var. intercedens (Witasek) Farw.
CAROL Campanula rotundifolia L. var. lancifolia Mert. & W.D.J. Koch
CAROP Campanula rotundifolia L. var. petiolata (A. DC.) J.K. Henry
CAROV Campanula rotundifolia L. var. velutina A. DC.
CASA13 Campanula sacajaweana M. Peck

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Campanulales
Family Campanulaceae – Bellflower family
Genus Campanula L. – bellflower
Species Campanula rotundifolia L. – bluebell bellflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York harebell Exploitably Vulnerable
Ohio harebell Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CARO2)
CalPhotos (CARO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAAL19)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CADU9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAHE15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAIN28)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAPE27)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CARO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAROA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAROI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAROL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAROP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAROV)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CASA13)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CARO2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CARO2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CARO2)
Native Plants Network (CARO2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CARO2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Campanula+rotundifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Campanula+rotundifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 94
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Campanula rotundifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0039 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebells
ID: 0000 0000 0203 0609 [detail]
© 2003 Jeff Abbas

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 8266 3261 2557 0024 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0303 [detail]
© 1987 Gary A. Monroe

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 1335 3153 0671 0092 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0304 [detail]
© 1987 Gary A. Monroe

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0826 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0827 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0828 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1325 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1326 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1327 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1453 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1452 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1451 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1450 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1454 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1449 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0523 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0524 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
ID: 1342 3162 2233 0056 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell Bellflower
ID: 0000 0000 0707 1671 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell Bellflower
ID: 0000 0000 0707 1672 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula rotundifolia
Common Harebell
ID: 0000 0000 0807 0561 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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