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Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench
LEATHERLEAF
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Chamaedaphne

Chamaedaphne calyculata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Chamaedaphne calyculata

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Chamaedaphne calyculata, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Chamaedaphne calyculata, pollen

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (1); AMNH_BEE (6)

Andrena carlini @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena carolina @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena nasonii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena regularis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena vicina @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa cassandrae @ BPI (37)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ BPI (38)

Chrysomyxa @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium chamaedaphnis @ BPI (5)

Monostichella chamaedaphnes @ BPI (1)
Exobasidiaceae  Exobasidium cassandrae @ BPI (5)

Exobasidium vaccinii @ 876124B (1); BPI (12)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium pezizoides @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia cornifrons @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Discella arida @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium nigrum @ BPI (2)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium orbiculare @ BPI (15)

Sporomega degenerans @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Gibbera pulchella @ 613660B (1); 613660A (1); BPI (2)

Venturia arctostaphyli @ BPI (1)

Venturia cassandrae @ BPI (1)

Venturia pulchella @ BPI (23)
_  Melampsoropsis cassandrae @ BPI (3)

Phialea cassandrae @ BPI (1)

Stigmatea pulchella @ BPI (8)

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Following modified from USGS
   
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHCA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHCA2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHCA2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHCA2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHCA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHCA2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench
leatherleaf

Image of Chamaedaphne calyculata

General Information
Symbol: CHCA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
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image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Chamaedaphne thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 687. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
CACAA7 Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don var. angustifolia (Aiton) Seymour
CACAL6 Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don var. latifolia (Aiton) Seymour
CHCAA2 Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. angustifolia (Aiton) Rehder leatherleaf
CHCAL Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. latifolia (Aiton) Fernald leatherleaf
CHCAN Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench var. nana (Lodd.) E. Busch leatherleaf

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae – Heath family
Genus Chamaedaphne Moench – leatherleaf
Species Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench – leatherleaf

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois leatherleaf Threatened
Maryland leatherleaf Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CHCA2)
CalPhotos (CHCA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACAA7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CACAL6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHCA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHCAA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHCAL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHCAN)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CHCA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CHCA2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CHCA2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CHCA2)
Related Websites
BorealForest.org (CHCA2)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (CHCA2)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (CHCA2)
MO-Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (CHCA2)
NJ-Plants of the New Jersey Pine Barrens (CHCA2)
TX-TAMU Vascular Plant Image Gallery (CHCA2)
UK-Plants For A Future (CHCA2)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (CHCA2)
WI-Shrubs of Wisconsin (University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Herbarium (CHCA2)
http://herbarium.biol.sc.edu/scplantatlas.html (CHCA2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 372, 507 , 508 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Chamaedaphne

1. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus. 457. 1794.

Andromeda calyculata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 394. 1753; A. calyculata var. angustifolia Aiton; A. calyculata var. latifolia Aiton; A. calyculata var. nana Loddiges; Cassandra calyculata (Linnaeus) D. Don; C. calyculata var. angustifolia (Aiton) A. Gray; C. calyculata var. latifolia (Aiton) F. Seymour; Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia (Aiton) Rehder; C. calyculata var. latifolia (Aiton) Fernald

Shrubs much-branched, 0.2-1.5 m; twigs fulvous; buds with outer scales. Leaves: petiole 1.5-3 mm; blade dull olive green, dark green adaxially, (1-)1.5-5 × 1-1.5 cm, gradually smaller in leafy raceme, proximal mature leaves 3 times as long as wide, base cuneate, apex obtuse or acute, mucronulate, surfaces yellowish-lepidote, densely so abaxially, adaxial midvein lanulose. Inflorescences pendent, 4-12 cm. Pedicels 2-5 mm, densely hairy; bracteoles persistent in fruit, 2, in apices of pedicels, imbricate, margins ciliate, abaxial surface lepidote. Flowers: sepals persistent in fruit, 1.5-3 mm, 1/2 as long as to equaling capsule, 1/3-1/2 times as long as corolla, apex acute or acuminate, margins ciliate, abaxial surface lepidote; corolla 5-7 mm, lobes imbricate in bud, spreading to recurved, ovate, glabrous; nectariferous disc 10-lobed from ovary base to between stamen filaments. Capsules 3-4(-5) mm diam., glabrous; epicarp 5-valved, separating from 10-valved endocarp. Seeds golden brown, 1 mm. 2 n = 22.

Flowering Apr-Jul; fruiting Jul-Aug. Boreal and subarctic peatlands, margins of boggy swamps and streams in coniferous forests, pocosins in coastal plain, often forming dense thickets; 0-1300 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Vt., Wis.; Eurasia.

Some flowers of Chamaedaphne calyculata have both stamens and ovaries functional, others have either ovaries or anthers with aborted contents (B. F. Palser 1951). Flower buds produced on leafy shoots in the first year mature, but the buds do not open until the following spring. If snow cover is sufficient to protect the buds, they will survive to blossom early and produce seed by midsummer, after 1.5 growing seasons. Wind, rain, or passing animals shake mature seeds out of slits in the dry, dehiscent capsule.

Although Chamaedaphne calyculata is widespread in North America, it is critically imperiled or threatened in Illinois and Maryland and imperiled or vulnerable in its range in northeastern British Columbia, Ohio, North Carolina (now nearly extirpated in the mountains, known from a single bog of less than one hectare). Its presence in Iowa and Georgia remains unconfirmed by modern herbarium specimens; it is considered extirpated. Chamaedaphne shows a disjunct distribution in the mountains of North Carolina, and to the coastal plain of North Carolina and northeastern South Carolina. The southern occurrences are certainly relicts of more southerly Pleistocene distributions.

Three varieties (the Eurasian var. calyculata , var. latifolia in maritime Canada and northern New England, and the widespread var. angustifolia ), appearing in some floras (M. L. Fernald 1950; H. J. Scoggan 1978-1979; F. C. Seymour 1982), were distinguished based on slight variations in the sizes and shapes of leaves and sepals. These and the diminutive var. nana are popular as cultivated ornamentals, but their taxonomic validity awaits detailed examination and they have not been recognized in most recent treatments.

Some native groups reportedly used the leaves of Chamaedaphne calyculata for tea; the plants contain andromedotoxin, which can be fatally poisonous (J. M. Kingsbury 1964).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaedaphne+calyculata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaedaphne+calyculata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Chamaedaphne calyculata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0088 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0087 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0089 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0507 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0508 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3520 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3521 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3522 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3523 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3524 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3525 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3526 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3527 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf, Leather-leaf
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3528 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1596 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1426 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1427 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1428 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaedaphne+calyculata+var.+angustifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chamaedaphne+calyculata+var.+angustifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1596 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1426 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1427 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
Chamaedaphne calyculata var. angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1428 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-08-23 14:29:56 gmt
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