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Chionanthus virginicus L.
WHITE FRINGETREE
Old-mans-beard; Fringetree

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Oleaceae   Chionanthus

Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 12
Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree

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Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 9
Chionanthus virginicus, White Fringetree
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus, fringetree, Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Chionanthus virginicus, fringetree, Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.

Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chionanthus virginicus

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Plantae @ I_GSJW (10)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria pyriospora @ BPI (4)

Phyllosticta chionanthi @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis diatrypea @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Dermea chionanthi @ BPI (13)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria chionanthi @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia guttata @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium mori @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melogramma fuliginosa @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora chionanthi @ BPI (7)

Septoria chionanthi @ BPI (1)

Septoria eleospora @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Calonectria polythalama @ BPI (2)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora chionanthi @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Fomes ribis @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora chionanthi @ BPI (3)

Valsa chionanthi @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Duke University
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Chionanthus virginicus L.

Fringe Tree

Chionanthus virginicus plant2

Family - Oleaceae

Habit - Shrubs or small trees, usually less than 5 m tall, dioecious, sometimes incompletely so.

Stems - Spreading to strongly ascending, usually multiple from base, branching. Bark light brown to gray, thin and breaking into small plates, becoming thinly ridged or furrowed with age. Twigs stout, gray or tan, glabrous or short-hairy, circular in cross-section, with raised leaf scars and raised, oval, darker brown lenticels. Terminal buds sometimes closely flanked by the uppermost, shorter pair of axillary buds, ovoid to ellipsoid, with several, overlapping, sharply pointed scales that are spreading at the tips, the axillary buds ovoid, with scales that are broadly to bluntly pointed at the tips.

Leaves - Opposite or occasionally subopposite, sometimes appearing clustered toward the branch tips, simple, entire, short-petiolate. Leaf blades 8-20 cm long, 2.5-12.0 cm wide, lanceolate-elliptic to ovate, elliptic, or somewhat obovate, broadly angled to short-tapered to the bluntly to sharply pointed tip, angled or tapered at the base (the upper portion of the petiole often winged), the upper surface dark green and essentially glabrous, the undersurface lighter green or pale and sparsely to densely short-hairy, sometimes mainly along the veins. Petiole pubescent, to 2 cm long.

Adaxial surface.

Abaxial surface.

Inflorescence - Axillary, many-flowered, usually drooping panicles 10-15 cm long, produced from 1-year-old branches, developing with or before the leaves, the lower branch points with small, leaflike bracts, the flowers with slender stalks 5-7 mm long, slightly fragrant. Panicle branches opposite, decussate.

Chionanthus virginicus inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Calyces 4-lobed, 1-2 mm long, the lobes triangular. Corollas 4-lobed nearly to the base, 15-30 mm long, the lobes linear to narrowly strap-shaped, at first greenish white, turning white at maturity, glabrous. Corolla tube to 3 mm long, with purple internally. Stamens 2, included, fused to corolla tube. Filaments short. Anthers 1.2 mm long, purplish. Ovary superior, 2-locular. Placentation axile. Style 1-2 mm long, with a pair of ascending branches at the tip.

Chionanthus virginicus flowers Flowers.

Chionanthus virginicus calyx Calyx.

Chionanthus virginicus organs Functional parts.

Fruits - Drupes, 10-15 mm long, ellipsoid to ovoid, olive green, turning bluish black or dark purple, usually somewhat glaucous at maturity

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Glades, bluff tops, ledges, streambanks, bottomland forests.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - None.

Other info. - There is probably no other native shrub in Missouri which is showier, or easier to identify, when flowering. It is found growing wild in only a few counties, mostly toward the southern end of the state. Its U.S. distribution is southeastern, with Missouri at the northwestern edge of its natural range. It is also a popular cultivated species, deservedly so. It tolerates urban conditions well. Staminate individuals are considered showier. The autumn foliage is typically deep yellow with greenish blotches. Typically the plant is shrubby but it can be grown as a small tree. The plant was used medicinally by Indians, and today as an herbal tonic, although clinical evidence for its efficaciousness is lacking.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 4-29-03, and in Auburn, AL., 4-17-05 (DETenaglia); also at Drury-Mincy Conservation Area, Taney County, MO, 4-14-2012 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHVI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHVI3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHVI3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Chionanthus virginicus L.
white fringetree

Image of Chionanthus virginicus

General Information
Symbol: CHVI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Oleaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Chionanthus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, MO, Saint Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden. October 14, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Dale City. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Gainesville. 1961. Usage Requirements .

G.B. Sudworth. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 728. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CHVIM Chionanthus virginicus L. var. maritimus Pursh

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Scrophulariales
Family Oleaceae – Olive family
Genus Chionanthus L. – fringetree
Species Chionanthus virginicus L. – white fringetree

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Ohio fringe-tree Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CHVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHVIM)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CHVI3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CHVI3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CHVI3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CHVI3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CHVI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Minor Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow

Sources

Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chionanthus+virginicus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chionanthus+virginicus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Chionanthus virginicus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2784 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2785 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2786 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

Chionanthus virginicus
Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree
ID: 0000 0000 0515 2787 [detail]
2015 Nick Kurzenko

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