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Crataegus douglasii . Lindl
BLACK HAWTHORN
Crataegus columbiana

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rosaceae   Crataegus

Crataegus douglasii 1
© Copyright Idaho Taylor Wilderness Research Station 2011 · -9
Crataegus douglasii 1

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Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cicadellidae  Balcanocerus provancheri @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium brevispina @ BPI (7)

Cylindrosporium crataegi @ BPI (7)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (14)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Blepharidopterus provancheri @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lopidea ute @ AMNH_ENT (2); AMNH_PBI (1)

Malacocoris chlorizans @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris dumicola @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Phytocoris relativus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus perplexus @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Pygovepres vaccinicola @ AMNH_PBI (8)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria crataegi @ BPI (1)

Septoria @ BPI (2)
Pentatomidae  Banasa dimiata @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Polyporaceae  Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fulvus @ BPI (1)

Fomes occidentalis @ BPI (8)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus dearnessi @ CSCA_TCN (7)
Pucciniaceae  Gymnosporangium bethelii @ BPI (48)

Gymnosporangium blasdaleanum @ BPI (4)

Gymnosporangium clavariiforme @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium clavipes @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium germinale @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium globosum @ BPI (1)

Gymnosporangium libocedri @ BPI (21)

Gymnosporangium tubulatum @ 123246C (1); 123246B (1); 123246A (1); BPI (61)

Gymnosporangium @ BPI (3)
Stereaceae  Stereum patelliforme @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium blasdaleanum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora leucostoma @ BPI (3)

Valsa ambiens @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Xylaria polymorpha @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria crataegi @ BPI (4)

Roestelia @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from CWNP
   
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Shrub Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

GLOSSARIES
Terminology  |  Pictorial

   
Crataegus douglasii
Black Hawthorn
Rosaceae (Rose Family)

A shrub or small tree with compact, rounded crown of stout, spreading branches; growing to a heigh of 9 m and a diameter of 0.3 m, often forming thickets.

Description

Black Hawthorn Distinguishing Features - Leaves: 2.5 - 7.5 cm long; obovate to ovate, wider toward short-pointed tip, sharply saw-toothed and often slightly lobed; colouration: shiny dark green becoming nearly hairless above, paler underneath. Bark: gray to brown, smooth or becoming scaly. Twigs: shiny red, slender, hairless, often with straight or slightly curved spines 2.5 cm long. Flowers: 12 mm wide; with five white petals, 10 to 20 pink stamens, and 3 to 5 styles; on long, slender stalks in broad clusters; in spring. Fruit: 12 mm in diameter; turning shiny black, with thick, light yellow pulp and 3 to 5 nutlets; several on long stalks in drooping clusters; maturing late summer.

Habitat

Local in southern Alaska; from British Columbia south to central California; southwest to Saskatchewan; also local near Lake Superior; in moist soil conditions around mountain streams and valleys; with conifers.

Notes

The leaves of the Black Hawthorn provide browse for cattle and sheep; small birds and game birds eat the berries.

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Following modified from Oregon State University
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Crataegus columbiana                    Rosaceae

Columbia Hawthorn                kra-TEE-gus kol-LUM-bee-an-a

  • Deciduous, thicket forming shrub, to about 20 ft (6 m), branches armed with thorns, 4-6 cm long, longer than the thorns of C. douglasii .  Leaves alternate, or clustered at end of shoot, simple, 3-7 cm long, obovate to nearly oval, base wedge-shaped and its margin entire, upper margin with 5-9 serrate lobes, dark green, glossy, smooth (or hairy) above, paler below.  Flowers white, in clusters, 2-4 styles.  Fruit globular, 8-11 mm wide, dark red, somewhat hairy.
  • Sun or part shade.  Moist to dry sites.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5     Native range from southern British Columbia southward on the east side of the Cascades to northern California, along the Columbia River and its tributaries to Idaho.

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRDO2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRDO2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRDO2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRDO2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRDO2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRDO2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Crataegus douglasii Lindl.
black hawthorn

Image of Crataegus douglasii

General Information
Symbol: CRDO2
Group: Dicot
Family: Rosaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Crataegus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CO. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Rock Creek. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Puget Sound lowlands. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 321. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
CRCO6 Crataegus columbiana Howell
CRDOD Crataegus douglasii Lindl. var. douglasii black hawthorn

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Crataegus L. – hawthorn
Species Crataegus douglasii Lindl. – black hawthorn

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Minnesota black hawthorn Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CRDO2)
CalPhotos (CRDO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CRCO6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CRDO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CRDOD)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CRDO2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CRDO2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CRDO2)
Native Plants Network (CRDO2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CRDO2)
University of Washington Burke Museum (CRDO2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CRDO2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 25
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Crataegus douglasii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas' Thorn-apple
ID: 8253 3202 4138 0008 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas' Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1195 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas' Thorn-apple
ID: 8253 3202 4138 0009 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Western Black Hawthorn
ID: 1351 3151 0543 0053 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Western Black Hawthorn
ID: 1351 3151 0543 0054 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Black Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0508 2085 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Black Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0508 2086 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Western, Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 1209 1410 [detail]
© 2009 John J. Kehoe

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
ID: 0000 0000 0512 0158 [detail]
© 2012 Dean Wm. Taylor

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Black Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0515 0909 [detail]
© 2015 Aaron Arthur

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Black Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 1117 1986 [detail]
© 2017 Thayne Tuason

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0065 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0064 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0063 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0062 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0061 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii
Douglas Hawthorne
ID: 0000 0000 0119 0060 [detail]
© 2019 Sierra Pacific Industries

Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1580 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1581 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0756 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0757 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0758 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0609 0527 [detail]
© 2009 Mary Winter

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0609 0528 [detail]
© 2009 Mary Winter

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii+var.+rivularis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii+var.+rivularis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0756 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0757 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0758 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0609 0527 [detail]
© 2009 Mary Winter

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0609 0528 [detail]
© 2009 Mary Winter

Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Crataegus douglasii var. rivularis
Douglas Hawthorn
ID: 0000 0000 0910 0230 [detail]
© 2010 Mary Winter

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii+var.+douglasii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Crataegus+douglasii+var.+douglasii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1580 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
Crataegus douglasii var. douglasii
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1581 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-12-15 00:35:21 gmt
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