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Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm. ) Orcutt
CALIFORNIA BARREL CACTUS
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Cactaceae   Ferocactus

Ferocactus cylindraceus, whole plant - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ferocactus cylindraceus, whole plant - unspecified

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Ferocactus cylindraceus
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ferocactus cylindraceus

Ferocactus cylindraceus
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ferocactus cylindraceus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Megandrena enceliae @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Perdita polytropica @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Apidae  Diadasia australis @ BBSL (3); UCRC_ENT (2)
Halictidae  Dufourea echinocacti @ BBSL (3); BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Megachilidae  Ashmeadiella cactorum @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Ashmeadiella opuntiae @ UCRC_ENT (3)

Megachile subnigra @ UCRC_ENT (2)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FECY ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FECY
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FECY ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FECY
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FECY ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FECY
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt
California barrel cactus

Image of Ferocactus cylindraceus

General Information
Symbol: FECY
Group: Dicot
Family: Cactaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ferocactus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anzo Borrego State Park, Cactus Garden. March 30, 1993. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anzo Borrego State Park, Cactus Garden. March 29, 1993. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anzo Borrego State Park, Cactus Garden. March 29, 1993. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anzo Borrego State Park, Cactus Garden. March 30, 1993. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anzo Borrego State Park, Cactus Garden. March 30, 1993. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Diego Co., Anza Borrego State Park, Sunset Mt. April 1, 1996. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Bernardino Co., Mid Hills. April 2, 1996. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae – Cactus family
Genus Ferocactus Britton & Rose – barrel cactus
Species Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt – California barrel cactus

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Ferocactus cylindraceus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Ferocactus cylindraceus</i>
(Engelm.) Orcutt var. <i>
cylindraceus </i>
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. cylindraceus
California barrel cactus Distribution of <i>
Ferocactus cylindraceus</i>
(Engelm.) Orcutt var. <i>
lecontei</i>
(Engelm.) H. Bravo
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Leconte's barrel cactus

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (FECY)
CalPhotos (FECY)
Flora of North America (FECY)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (FECY)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FECY)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FECY)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 243, 244, 245 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Cactaceae | Ferocactus

3. Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelmann) Orcutt, Cactography. 1926(1): 5. 1926.

Desert barrel cactus, California barrel cactus

Echinocactus viridescens Torrey & A. Gray var. cylindraceus Engelmann, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 14: 338. 1852; Ferocactus acanthodes (Lemaire) Britton & Rose var. eastwoodiae L. D. Benson; F. acanthodes var. lecontei (Engelmann) G. E. Lindsay; F. eastwoodiae (L. D. Benson) L. D. Benson

Stems straight, erect or nearly so (or leaning), cylindric, (20-)45-150(-300) × (20-)25-40(-50) cm; ribs (18-)21-31, shallowly notched immediately above each areole. Spines 12-32 per areole, central spines and larger radial spines whitish, yellow, pink, dull red, or brown; smallest spines per areole slender, sometimes bristlelike, less than 1 mm diam. (rarely absent); central spines 4 per areole, major rigid central spines surrounded by weaker subcentral spines; principal central spine moderately curved, sometimes twisted, usually not strongly hooked except on relatively young plants, annulate, adaxial surface usually flat or even concave, 36-140[-170] × 2-4.5 mm. Flowers maroon outside, yellow inside, 3-6 × 4-6 cm; inner tepals commonly yellow, (rarely with reddish midstripes, very rarely orange to red with a darker red midstripes); stigma lobes yellow (to red). Fruits ± readily dehiscent through basal pore, bright yellow (very rarely reddish), 30-40(-50) × 15-20 mm, leathery or fleshy, locule dry, hollow except for seeds. Seeds (1.5-)2-3 mm, pitted. 2 n = 22.

Flowering early spring-early summer (late summer-early fall). Interior chaparral, Mojave desert scrub, Sonoran desert scrub, usually on rocky slopes, igneous and limestone substrates; 0-1500 m; Ariz., Calif., Nev., Utah; Mexico (Baja California, Sonora).

The name Ferocactus acanthodes has been widely applied to this species but was based on a small plant of unknown origin (and the original specimen lost), and is therefore ambiguous (N. P. Taylor 1979).

The vernacular name "compass barrel" is sometimes misapplied to Ferocactus cylindraceus , which grows straight up in its old age, instead of leaning as would F. wislizeni .

The varieties recognized by L. D. Benson (1982) are not consistently distinguishable.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus+var.+lecontei&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus+var.+lecontei&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0202 0093 [detail]
© 2002 Dean Wm. Taylor

Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Leconte's Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0811 0072 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. lecontei
Leconte's Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 1113 1187 [detail]
© 2013 Susan McDougall

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus+ssp.+cylindraceus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus+ssp.+cylindraceus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 11
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 9092 3191 3548 0063 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 0072 3301 1163 0031 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 9092 3191 3548 0064 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0052 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0053 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0054 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0055 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0056 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0058 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0711 0059 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus ssp. cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 0213 0050 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ferocactus+cylindraceus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 213
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ferocactus cylindraceus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4568 0129 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0871 [detail]
© 1998 Christopher L. Christie

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 5208 1611 2417 0024 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4570 0020 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0900 [detail]
© 2003 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 5208 1611 2417 0025 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Biznaga-barril CilĂ­ndrica
ID: 9092 3191 3543 0128 [detail]
Marguerite Gregory
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0870 [detail]
© 1998 Christopher L. Christie

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4570 0022 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0697 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0901 [detail]
© 2003 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Miner's Compass
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0082 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 5208 1611 2417 0030 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4570 0021 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 5208 1611 2417 0032 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
California Barrelcactus
ID: 8120 3181 4569 0055 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4569 0053 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
ID: 9092 3191 3542 0026 [detail]
Dorothy Judd
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Miner's Compass
ID: 1335 3153 0216 0108 [detail]
Marguerite Gregory
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0699 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 5208 1611 2417 0027 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
California Barrel Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0899 [detail]
© 2003 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4565 0044 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ferocactus cylindraceus
Ferocactus cylindraceus
Barrel Cactus
ID: 8120 3181 4573 0001 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-12-06 21:41:56 gmt
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