D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Hydrangea arborescens L.
WILD HYDRANGEA
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hydrangeaceae   Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Hydrangea arborescens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens

Hydrangea arborescens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens

Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea
Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Hydrangea arborescens, Wild Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, whole tree or vine - general
Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Hydrangea arborescens, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, leaf - whole upper surface
Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Hydrangea arborescens, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, twig - orientation of petioles

Hydrangea arborescens, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, twig - orientation of petioles
Hydrangea arborescens, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrangea arborescens, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena spiraeana @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta hydrangeae @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus modestus @ BBSL (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium aphidis @ 792135B (1)
Dermateaceae  Pyrenopeziza fracta @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe hydrangeae @ BPI (3); 616286A (1); 616286B (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe poeltii @ BPI (2)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Sphecodes mandibularis @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Hysteriaceae  Glonium lineare @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora hydrangeae @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Lygus rubroclarus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Neolygus knighti @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Neolygus omnivagus @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora arborescentis @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Tubercularia hydrangeae @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Dendrocoris humeralis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria vagabunda @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum purpurascens @ BPI (2)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum hydrangeae @ BPI (121)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma commune @ BPI (2)
Stictidaceae  Stictis hydrangeae @ BPI (1)

Stictis @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora sphaerocephala @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta hydrangeae @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta @ BPI (1)

Clithris hydrangina @ BPI (1)

Cryptosporium hydrangeae @ BPI (1)

Paracapnodium cephalanthum @ 698847B (1); 698847A (1); 698848B (1); 698848C (1); 698847C (1); 698848A (1)

Thekopsora hydrangeae @ BPI (5)

Uredo hydrangeae @ BPI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/harborescens.htm

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Hydrangea arborescens L.

American Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens plant

Family - Hydrangeaceae

Habit - Shrubs, often colonial by rhizomes or stems which contact the ground and root at the nodes.

Stem - Arching or spreading to erect, to 2 m. Bark tan to grayish tan on older branches and peeling in long thin strips. Twigs light brown to brown, rarely reddish-tinged, sparsely to moderately hairy, the axillary buds small, with 3 or 4 scales visible, partially hidden by the U-shaped petiole bases.

Hydrangea_arborescens_stem.jpg Stem.

Leaves - Opposite, simple, long petiolate. Blades 6-16 cm long, 3-12 cm wide, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, tapered to a sharply pointed tip, mostly rounded to shallowly cordate (less commonly narrowed) at the base, the margins relatively coarsely toothed, the upper surface darker green, glabrous or sparsely hairy along the main veins, the undersurface light green, sparsely to densely hairy, sometimes only along the veins.

Hydrangea_arborescens_leaf1.jpg Leaves.

Hydrangea_arborescens_leaf2.jpg Leaf abaxial.

Hydrangea arborescens pressed leaf Pressed leaf.

Inflorescences - Terminal, much-branched, flat-topped to somewhat dome-shaped panicles, with at least some of the peripheral flowers sterile or staminate and showier than the fertile flowers.

Hydrangea_arborescens_inflorescence.jpg Inflorescence.

Flowers - Calyces of the fertile flowers of usually 5 free sepals, these 0.3-0.6 mm long, triangular, glabrous, green; those of the sterile flowers of 3 or 4 sepals, these fused at the base, 6-12 mm long, broadly elliptic-ovate to angular-circular, glabrous, petaloid, white to greenish white. Corollas of 4 or 5 free petals, these 1.0-1.6 mm long, oblong-elliptic, white, sometimes absent on sterile flowers. Stamens 10. Pistils 2 carpels, these united to the tip. Ovary completely inferior, 2-locular. Styles 2, the stigmas capitate to club-shaped.

Hydrangea_arborescens_flowers2.jpg Fertile and sterile flowers.

Hydrangea_arborescens_flowers.jpg Fertile flowers.

Fruits - Capsules 2.0-2.5 mm long, broadly obconic to nearly globose, the surface with 8 or 9 prominent longitudinal ribs, dehiscing by a terminal slit developing between the styles. Seeds 0.6-0.8 mm long, oblong ellipsoid, more or less tapered at each end, the surface with several longitudinal ribs, brown, shiny.

Hydrangea_arborescens_fruits.jpg Fruits.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Forests, streambanks, shaded bluffs.

Origin - Native to the U.S.

Lookalikes - None.

Other info. - This plant is found in the southeastern half of Missouri and throughout much of the eastern U.S. It is rare northwest of a diagonal line between the southwest corner of the state and the St. Louis region, and this line also partially demarcates the U.S. range. When in flower the plant is easy to recognize, with a few sterile but showy pseudo-flowers lending a characteristic appearance to the inflorescence. Plants bred for inflorescences consisting entirely of these sterile flowers are popular in landscaping and horticulture, known by names such as "snowball bush" or "bigleaf hydrangea." The large, showy petalloid sepals respond to soil pH by adjusting their color. Plants grown in acidic soils have blue inflorescences, whereas neutral or alkaline soils lead to pink inflorescences. The color-pH relationship is opposite to that of litmus. The color dependence is not a result of simple indicator chemistry but rather reflects the availability of free trivalent aluminum ions in the soil, which is greater at low (acidic) pH.

Wild type Hydrangea arborescens favors moist, shaded bluffs, often growing out of vertical banks. The roots contain a compound called hydrangin, aka 7-hydroxycoumarin, which has been used in sunscreens. The roots and rhizomes have also been used as a diuretic and to treat urinary tract disorders.

Numerous infraspecific forms have been described. Currently, ssp. arborescens and ssp. discolor are recognized in Missouri. These differ in the degree of pubescence on the leaf undersides.

Photographs taken near Stegal Mountain, Shannon County, MO., 6-21-03, and at Alley Spring, MO., 6-12-04 (DETenaglia); also at Weldon Spring Conservation Area, St. Charles County, MO, 6-23-2007, Fox Creek, St. Louis County, MO, 8-14-2010, Johnson's Shut-Ins State Park, Reynolds County, MO, 6-20-2011, and near Boles, Franklin County, MO, 6-16-2016 (SRTurner).



Back Home


Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYAR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYAR
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYAR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYAR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYAR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HYAR
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Hydrangea arborescens L.
wild hydrangea

Image of Hydrangea arborescens

General Information
Symbol: HYAR
Group: Dicot
Family: Hydrangeaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Hydrangea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 231. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
HYARO Hydrangea arborescens L. var. oblonga Torr. & A. Gray
HYARS Hydrangea arborescens L. var. sterilis Torr. & A. Gray

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Hydrangeaceae – Hydrangea family
Genus Hydrangea L. – hydrangea
Species Hydrangea arborescens L. – wild hydrangea

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida wild hydrangea Endangered
New York wild hydrangea Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HYAR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYAR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYARO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HYARS)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (HYAR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (HYAR)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (HYAR)
Native Plants Network (HYAR)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (HYAR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HYAR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Low Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hydrangea+arborescens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hydrangea+arborescens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Hydrangea arborescens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
Wild Hydrangea
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2145 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
ID: 0000 0000 1116 3004 [detail]
© 2016 Barry Rice

Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
ID: 0000 0000 0818 0421 [detail]
© 2018 Zoya Akulova

Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea arborescens
ID: 0000 0000 0818 0422 [detail]
© 2018 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-09-15 12:04:17 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation