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Iridaceae
IRISES
Iris Family; Iris

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Iris cristata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 9
Iris cristata
Sisyrinchium angustifolium, Narrow-leaved Blue-eyed Grass
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Sisyrinchium angustifolium, Narrow-leaved Blue-eyed Grass

Hypoxis hirsuta, Yellow Star-grass
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Hypoxis hirsuta, Yellow Star-grass
Sisyrinchium rosulatum, Annual Blue-eyed Grass
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 6
Sisyrinchium rosulatum, Annual Blue-eyed Grass

Iris versicolor, Blue flag Iris, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Iris versicolor, Blue flag Iris, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Sisyrinchium angustifolium close up flower, Narrow-leaf-blue-eyed-grass, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Sisyrinchium angustifolium close up flower, Narrow-leaf-blue-eyed-grass, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

Sisyrinchium angustifolium, Narrow-leaf-blue-eyed-grass, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Sisyrinchium angustifolium, Narrow-leaf-blue-eyed-grass, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica

Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica
Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica

Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica
Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica

Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica
Iris virginica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Iris virginica

03.Sisyrinchium campestre, _leaf_and_flower, _GY.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
03
Sisyrinchium campestre, leaf and flower, GY
06.Sisyrinchium albidum, _leaf_and_flower, _GY1.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
06
Sisyrinchium albidum, leaf and flower, 320
_GY1

08.Belamcanda chinensis, _flower_and_bud, _GY2.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
08
Belamcanda chinensis, flower and bud, 320
_GY2
09.Nemastylis geminiflora, _plant_and_flower, _GY2.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
09
Nemastylis geminiflora, plant and flower, 320
_GY2

10.Sisyrinchium albidum, _flower, _GY2.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
10
Sisyrinchium albidum, flower, 320
_GY2
11.Sisyrinchium atlanticum, _leaf_and_flower, _GY2.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
11
Sisyrinchium atlanticum, leaf and flower, 320
_GY2

12.Nemastylis geminiflora, _flower, _GY3.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
12
Nemastylis geminiflora, flower, 320
_GY3
13.Iris virginica, _flower, _GZ1.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
13
Iris virginica, flower, 320
_GZ1

98.Iris cristata, _leaf_+_flower, _GY.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
98
Iris cristata, leaf + flower, GY
99.Iris fulfa, _leaf_+_flower_+_fruit, _GY.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
99
Iris fulfa, leaf + flower + fruit, GY

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella iridis @ BPI (1)

Septoria iridis @ BPI (1)
Pieridae  Pieris rapae @ I_LKD (1)
_  Uredo tenebrosa @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from University of Hawaii
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Iridaceae

The Iridaceae are perennial herbs from rhizomes, bulbs or corms comprising about 80 genera and 1,500 species. The leaves are distichous and have a sheathing, equitant base and a generally ensiform or linear blade with parallel venation. The flowers are bisexual, usually showy, and are actinomorphic or zygomorphic. The perianth consists of 6 petaloid tepals in two differentiated or undifferentiated whorls. Commonly all 6 tepals are united into a perianth tube or epigynous zone. The androecium consists of 3 distinct or connate stamens positioned opposite and often adnate to the outer tepals. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 3 carpels, a single, commonly 3-branched style, and an inferior ovary with 3 locules, each containing few to numerous axile ovules. The fruit is a loculicidal capsule.

Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.


Belamcanda chinensis , leopard flower. Notice the distichous, equitant, ensiform lea ves. The lower photo shows perianth of 6, poorly differentiated petaloid tepals, 3 stamens, inferior ovary, and capsular fruit.
C rocosmia x crocosmiiflora , montbretia. This is a species with zygomorphic flowers. Note the petaloid tepals, 3 stamens, and inferior ovary.
Dietes bicolor , African iris. Low herbaceous ornamental from Africa with sword-like leaves in one plane.
Dietes iridioides , African iris. The outer tepals have a bright yellow spot and are opposite the petaloid style branches. The stigma i s in the area of the notched tip of each branch. One stamen is directly under and hidden by each style branch. In the side view of a partly dissected flower (right photo), one of the stamens is visible, directly below one of the petaloid style branches. The inferior ovary is also clearly visible.
Freesia sp.
Gladiolus sp.
Iris chrysophylla , yellow-flowered iris, vic. Umpqua, OR, April, 2004.
Iris tenax , purple iris, 1,2 - vic. Alsea Falls, OR, 2002, 3 - vic. Roseburg, OR, April, 2004.
Neomarica caerulea , marica. The inner and outer tepals are strongly differentiated in this species. A greenish yellow stamen can be seen just outside 2 of the three fleshy white style branches.
Neomarica gracilis , walking iris, apostle plant.
Olsynium douglasii , grass widows, OR, Mar. 2004.
Sisyrinchium acre , mau'u la'ili, mau'u ho'ula i'ili, Hawaiian endemic.
Sisyrinchium angustifolium , narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, vic. Cheney, WA, 1986.
Trimezia martinicensis , trimeza. Ornamental herb from the West Indies with blade-like leaves folded lengthwise and clasping the stem. Note one stamen associated with each of the style branches.
Schizostylis coccinea , kaffir lily.  UBC Botanic Garden, Vancouver.

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Updated: 2019-07-17 23:19:45 gmt
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