(Lamarck) K. Koch, Dendrologie. 2(1): 118. 1872.
Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 1: 157. 1783;
to 2.5(-5) m.
erect to arching, usually sharply 3-angled.
persistent; blade narrowly to widely elliptic, obovate, or slightly ovate, 1-8.5(-10.5) × 0.5-4.5(-5.5) cm, rigidly coriaceous, base attenuate or cuneate to rounded, margins entire, usually revolute, apex acuminate to acute, rarely rounded, surfaces scattered, multicellular, glandular short-headed-hairy, not lepidote, otherwise glabrous or hairy on midvein adaxially, intramarginal vein present.
fascicles, developing from buds along distal portion of stems of previous year; bracts 1 per flower, linear-lanceolate, to 4 mm.
glandular-hairy, not lepidote.
calyx lobes 2-7.5 × 1-2 mm, glandular-hairy, not lepidote; corolla usually pink, sometimes white or red, cylindric (base swollen), 5-9 × 2-5 mm; filaments 3-5 mm, roughened, with 2 well-developed spurs.
ovoid to ovoid- globose, 3-5 × 3-5 mm, apex slightly constricted, glabrous or short-headed-hairy; sutures usually remaining attached to adjacent valve; placentae central to nearly basal.
Flowering early spring-spring. Moist, acid, pine flatwoods and savannas, streamhead pocosins and baygalls, acid blackwater swamps, shrub bogs and peat-based pocosins, pond margins; 0-200 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Va.; West Indies (Cuba).
is occasionally used as an ornamental; it is most closely related to
. The Cuban populations tend to have slightly longer and more densely hairy calyx lobes than do those of the southeastern United States.
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