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Manihot esculenta Crantz
Manioc; Cassava; Tapioca; Jatropha manihot L; Manihot diffusa; Manihot dulcis; Manihot utilissima; Jatropha manihot

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Euphorbiaceae   Manihot


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleurodicus dispersus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Bemisia tuberculata @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Bemisia @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Trialeurodes similis @ CSCA_TCN (3)
Asterinidae  Asterina manihotis @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia cacaoicola @ BPI (16)

Diplodia manihoti @ BPI (16)

Diplodia theobromae @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella @ BPI (2)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (3)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis fimbriata @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium aphidis @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium manihotis @ 395029A (1); 395029B (1); BPI (3)

Phlyctema @ BPI (1)
Elsinoaceae  Sphaceloma manihoticola @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum gloeosporioides @ BPI (1)

Glomerella manihotis @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Myrtlemiris rubrocuneatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_notodytikos @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_sydneyensis @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cassavae @ BPI (3)

Cercospora cearae @ BPI (1)

Cercospora henningsii @ BPI (67); 437137A (1); 437137B (1)

Cercospora manihotis @ BPI (10)

Cercospora panamaensis @ BPI (1)

Cercospora @ BPI (2)

Cercosporidium henningsii @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella manihotis @ BPI (1)

Phaeoramularia manihotis @ BPI (21)
Piesmatidae  Mcateella elongata @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium hispaniolae @ 429073A (1); 429073B (1); BPI (3)
Pleosporaceae  Stemphylium botryosum @ 444793C (1); 444793B (1); 444793A (1)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium omnivorum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces janiphae @ BPI (6)

Uromyces jatrophae @ BPI (7)
_  Botryodiplodia @ BPI (1)

Haplobasidion @ BPI (2)

Macrophomina phaseolina @ BPI (5)

Periconia pycnospora @ 422339B (1); 422339A (1)

Ragnhildiana manihotis @ BPI (1)

Spicaria lateritia @ BPI (2)

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Following served from American Museum of Natural History, Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000775 wa%201996%20l64%20h171
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAES ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAES
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAES ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MAES
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Manihot esculenta Crantz

Image of Manihot esculenta

General Information
Symbol: MAES
Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: bitter cassava
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Manihot thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Mark W. Skinner. Zambia, Luangwa National Park. August 15, 1986. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, FL, Miami-Dade Co., USDA Chapman Field. July 7, 1982. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
JAMA3 Janipha manihot (L.) Kunth
JAMA4 Jatropha manihot L.
MAAI Manihot aipi Pohl
MADU3 Manihot dulcis (J.F. Gmel.) Pax
MAMA18 Manihot manihot (L.) Cockerell, nom. inval.
MAME9 Manihot melanobasis Müll. Arg.
MAUT Manihot utilissima Pohl


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Euphorbiales
Family Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family
Genus Manihot Mill. – cassava
Species Manihot esculenta Crantz – cassava

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MAES)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (JAMA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (JAMA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAAI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MADU3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAES)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAMA18)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAME9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAUT)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (MAES)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (MAES)
Related Websites
Brazil: Evolution of Cassava (MAES)
CIAT-Cassava Biotechnology Network (MAES)
Cassava Information Network (MAES)
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (MAES)
FAO-Animal Feed Resources Information System (MAES)
FL-University of Florida Extension (MAES)
FL-University of Florida Extension Fact Sheet (MAES)
HI-Plants of Hawaii (HEAR) (MAES)
IL-Illinois State University (MAES)
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (MAES)
NC-Poisonous Plants of North Carolina (MAES)
Philippines-Root Crop Information Service (MAES)
Purdue U. Center for New Crops & Plant Products (MAES)
Traditional Pacific Island Crops (MAES)
Vietnam-Intercropping Casava With Flemingia (MAES)
World Bank-Africa's Food Security Crop (MAES)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Manihot+esculenta&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Manihot+esculenta&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Manihot esculenta%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta
ID: 1350 3152 1981 0042 [detail]
F. Albert Ellis
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta
ID: 1350 3152 1981 0043 [detail]
F. Albert Ellis
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta
ID: 0000 0000 0508 2116 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta
ID: 4444 4444 0510 1384 [detail]
© 2010 Moorea Biocode

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta
ID: 0000 0000 0917 0052 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Manihot esculenta
Manihot esculenta 'Variegata'
ID: 4444 4444 0510 1069 [detail]
© 2010 Moorea Biocode

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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Updated: 2019-11-18 01:12:05 gmt
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