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Megachile melanophaea Smith, 1853
Megachile femorata_homonym2 Provancher, 1882; Megachile wootoni Cockerell, 1898; Megachile canadensis Friese, 1903, replacement name; Megachile calogaster Cockerell, 1898; Megachile wootoni rohweri Cockerell, 1906; Megachile pseudolatimanus Strand, 1919; Megachile tuala Strand, 1919; Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea var submelanophaea Mitchell, 1935; Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea submelanophaea Mitchell, 1935; Megachile (Delomegachile) gemula var fulvogemula Mitchell, 1935, possible synonym; Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea wootoni Cockerell, 1898; Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea calogaster Cockerell, 1898; Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea rohweri Cockerell, 1906; Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea submelanophaea Mitchell, 1935, valid subspecies; Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea wootoni Cockerell, 1898, valid subspecies; Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea calogaster Cockerell, 1898, valid subspecies; Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea rohweri Cockerell, 1906, valid subspecies

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Megachilidae   Megachile
Subgenus: Xanthosarus

Megachile melanophaea, male, face
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Megachile melanophaea, male, face

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Megachile melanophaea, male, side
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Megachile melanophaea, male, side
Megachile melanophaea, male, top
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Megachile melanophaea, male, top

Megachile melanophaea, male, wing
Smithsonian Institution, Entomology Department · 9
Megachile melanophaea, male, wing
Megachile melanophaea FEM comp
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Megachile melanophaea FEM comp

Megachile melanophaea MALE comp
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Megachile melanophaea MALE comp
Megachile melanophaea, F, Back, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, F, Back, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax

Megachile melanophaea, F, Face, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, F, Face, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax
Megachile melanophaea, F, Side, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, F, Side, MI, Alger County ---.. ZS PMax

Megachile melanophaea, back ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, back ---.
Megachile melanophaea, face ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, face ---.

Megachile melanophaea, side ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, side ---.
Megachile melanophaea, f, back, Mariposa, CA ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, f, back, Mariposa, CA ---.

Megachile melanophaea, f, face, Mariposa, CA ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, f, face, Mariposa, CA ---.
Megachile melanophaea, f, left, Mariposa, CA ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Megachile melanophaea, f, left, Mariposa, CA ---.
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1962 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 152.


Megachile melanophoe melanophoe
FEMALE — Length 12-14 mm.; entirely black, including tegulae and legs, spurs brownish-testaceous; eyes subparallel; clypeal margin straight, very finely crenulate; mandibles 4-dentate, inner tooth very slightly emarginate, giving an approach to a 5-dentate condition (fig. 43); lateral ocelli very slightly nearer margin of vertex than to each other; cheeks much broader than eyes; punctures of vertex quite deep and distinct, rather fine, close medially, becoming well separated laterally, fine and close on cheeks above, densely crowded and minute below; face below ocellidull and densely rugose, supraclypeal area shining, punctures fine and slightly separated, clypeus with a median, shining, sparsely punctate line, densely punctate on each side; pubescence yellowish-white around antennae and lower part of face, vertex with erect, elongate, pale hairs intermixed with shorter, fuscous hairs, pubescence becoming largely fuscous on cheeks; thorax with copious, elongate, yellowish-white pubescence laterally and posteriorly, scutum and scutellum with long, erect pubescence which is pale anteriorly, but in large part fuscous across posterior half of disc and in part on scutellum; scutum shining, punctures quite deep and distinct, moderately coarse, rather sparse in center of disc, becoming close laterally; scutellum with fine and rather sparse punctures in mid-line but becoming rather closely punctate on each side, punctures of axillae very fine and crowded; pleura dull, punctures fine and very close, becoming minute and crowded above; propodeum smooth but dull, with only exceedingly vague, shallow and minute punctures evident; mid and hind basitarsi about as broad as their tibiae, but somewhat shorter; tegulae smooth but rather dull, with only exceedingly minute punctures evident anteriorly; wings subhyaline, veins brownish-piceous; abdominal terga 2 and 3 shallowly depressed across base, hardly grooved, basal margin evident but not sharply carinate, apical margins of 2-4 only very shallowly but rather broadly depressed, entirely lacking fasciae, discal pubescence of 1 and 2 long, erect, quite copious, and entirely pale, quite long, erect and entirely black on 3-6, largely subappressed on 6; median punctures of terga exceedingly minute and quite sparse, becoming closer laterally, tergum 6 densely and finely punctate throughout; sternum 6 well covered with scopal hairs, these becoming somewhat sparse toward apex which is fringed with short, relatively pale hairs; scopa largely reddish, more or less tinged with fuscous toward base, the more basal sternal plates very closely and rather finely punctate, somewhat more widely separated apically on the apical sterna, apical margins narrowly yellowish-hyaline, no sternal fasciae evident.

MALE — Length 9-12 mm.; black, including tegulae and mid and hind legs, front legs testaceous in large part; eyes subparallel; clypeal margin shallowly emarginate on each extreme side, otherwise straight and entire; niandibles 4-dentate (fig. 43), outer margin obtusely angulate medially, basal, inferior process triangular, with a broad base; apical segment of flagellum flattened and quite broadly dilated; lateral ocelli subequally distant from eyes and margin of vertex; cheeks some- what broader than eyes, with a blunt tubercie on lower posterior angle, with a deep, narrow excavation between this and base of mandible; vertex somewhat shining, punctures fine and close medially, becoming well separated laterally, very fine and close on cheeks above, becoming minute and densely crowded below, area below ocelli dull, rather finely rugosopunctate, becoming very finely and densely punctate on sides of face and on supraclypeal area, clypeus somewhat shining beneath pubescence, punctures very fine and slightly separated over most of disc; pubescence yellowish-white, quite copious around antennae and over lower half of face, becoming somewhat thinner but long and erect on vertex, with a few dark hairs intermixed, very short and thin in general on cheeks, but with a transverse line of elongate, whitish hairs toward inferior margin; pubescence of thorax rather copious, elongate, yellowish-white laterally and posteriorly, scutum with elongate, erect pubescence which is somewhat thinner, pale anteriorly, to a considerable degree fuscous over posterior half, with some intermixed fuscous hairs on scutellum; scutum somewhat shining, punctures quite deep and distinct, rather fine, well separated in center of disc, but very close elsewhere, finer and uniformly close on scutellum and axillae, pleura dull, punctures very fine, shallow and quite densely crowded, propodeum somewhat smoother but dull, posterior face with close, shallow, minute and rather obscure punctures evident; front coxal spines subtriangular, acute at tip, rather short but well developed, with elongate, pale pubescence posteriorly, a dense, transverse patch of short, brownish bristles at base of each spine, coxae otherwise largely bare; mid tibial spurs short but well developed; front tarsi entirely yellowish-testaceous, basitarsus broadly dilated and very deeply excavated, apex fully as broad as the tibiae, following segments short, posterior margin with a quite dense fringe of yellowish-white hairs, intermixed with fuscous at tips; front tibiae yellowish at apex and testaceous on anterior and posterior faces, outer face blackish; front femora largely testaceous, with a piceous band from base to apex on posterior face, rather prominantly whitish-fringed posteriorly; tegulae somewhat shining, rather closely and minutely punctate; wings subhyaline, veins brownishpiceous; abdominal terga 2 and 3 shallowly depressed toward base, basal margin of this distinct but not conspicuously carinate, following terga only faintly impressed at base, apical margins shallowly but rather broadly depressed, not at all fasciate, discal pubescence of terga 1 and 2 and base of 3 entirely pale, erect, quite copious, that on 4 and 5 largely blackish, erect and quite copious, also apical portion of 3 blackish in large part; punctures of terga medially very minute, well separated, becoming quite close at extreme sides; terguni 6densely and finely punctate above, margin of carina irregularly crenulate, with a deep, rounded, median emargination, median teeth of apical margin much elongated, slightly narrowed and abruptly truncate at tip, slightly nearer the low, subangulate. lateral teeth than to each other; sternum 7 conspicuous, acutely pointed medially; sterna 1-4 exposed, shining, punctures very fine but rather close on the more basal plates, becoming minute and vague on the more apical sterna, apical margin of each narrowly but deeply and abruptly depressed, yellowish-hyaline, rather prominantly fringed toward sides; setose area of sternum 5 very broad and extensive, setae short and fine (fig. 44); sternum 6 with broad, densely setose areas that nearly meet medially and are much narrowed laterally, apical lobe very broad, lateral angles produced, rounded, lateral areas of the sternum with conspicuous apical tufts of setae; gonocoxites somewhat constricted above base, slender apically, apex bilobate (fig. 45).

DISTRIBUTION—Mackenzie to Newfoundland, south to California, Colorado and Pennsylvania, June to August. The Georgia record given in the Revision (Mitchell 1935, p. 193) now seems improbable.

FLOWER RECORDS—Agastaehe, Apocynum, Astragalus, Azalea, Cam panula, Cypripedium, Epilobium, Helianthus, Lupinus, Medicago, Phacelia, Psoralea, Ranunculus, Raphanus, Rhodora, Rosa, Rubus, Rudbeekia, Symphoricarpus, Taraxacum, Tnfolium and Vicia.
Megachile melanophoea submelanophoea
This form is very similar to typical melanophoea, but the scopa is entirely deep black. It may also be separated from other related forms by the entirely black pubescent cheeks, legs and pleura, while the vertex, scutum, scutellum and terga 1 and 2 are entirely pale ochraceous pubescent, without black intermixture.

DISTRIBUTION—Formerly known only from California, specimens have now been identified from Michigan and Maine, collected in June.
FLOWER RECORDS — Dicentra and Lupinus.

Identification
Extracted from: Sheffield C. S., et al (2011). Leaf cutter and Mason Bees of the Genus Megachile Latreille (Hymenoptera; Megachilidae) in Canada and Alaska. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 18

Megachile (Xanthosarus) melanophaea Smith, 1853

Megachile melanophaea Smith, 1853. Cat. Hym. Brit. Mus. 1: 191 (♀, ♂). Megachile femorata Provancher, 1882. Nat. Canad. 13: 228 (♂) (preoccupied). Megachile wootoni Cockerell, 1898a. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 1: 125 (♂). Megachile calogaster Cockerell, 1898b. Proc. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phil. 50: 55 (♂). Megachile canadensis Friese, 1903. Ztschr. System. Hym. Dipt. 3: 248 (replacement name for M. femorata Provancher, 1882, not Smith, 1879). Megachile wootoni rohweri Cockerell, 1906b. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 22: 453 (♀). Megachile pseudolatimanus Strand, 1917. Arch. Naturges. 83A (11): 65 (♂). Megachile tuala Strand, 1917. Arch. Naturges. 83A (11): 66 (♀). Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophaea submelanophaea Mitchell, 1935b. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 61: 197 (♀). Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophoea melanophoea Mitchell, 1962. North Carolina Agric. Exper. Stat. Tech Bull. 152: 138 (misspelling of M. melanophaea melanophaea). Megachile (Delomegachile) melanophoea submelanophoea Mitchell, 1962. North Carolina Agric. Exper. Stat. Tech Bull. 152: 140 (misspelling of M. melanophaea submelanophaea).

Diagnosis. The female of M. melanophaea can be doi:10.3752/cjai.2011.18 82 recognized by the combination of the metasoma, which lacks pale apical fasciae on the terga, giving a distinctive pattern of all pale hairs (T1 and T2) and black hairs (T3-T6) in dorsal view, the mandible tapering gradually but continuously from base to apex in lateral view, with the inner mandibular tooth with a small excision at its apex, and dark pubescence ventrally on the mesosoma. They are most similar to M. circumcincta and M. gemula. Females of M. circumcincta have the inner mandibular tooth rounded and lacking the excision at its apex, and pale pubescence on the ventral surface of the mesosoma. Females of M. gemula have the upper and lower margins of the mandible parallel in lateral view from the base to a length subequal to width prior to tapering, and the broadly truncate inner mandibular tooth. The male of M. melanophaea can be recognized by the combination of 4-dentate mandibles, the front basitarsus largely pale in colour, dilated and excavated along the anterior margin, the apical rim of front tibia with a strongly flattened and rounded tubercle projecting posteriorly, and T5 with a pale apical fascia. They are most similar to M. circumcincta and M. gemula. Males of M. circumcincta have the apical rim of front tibia with a short and strongly tapered spine. Males of M. gemula have the front basitarsus dilated and excavated along the anterior margin, but with the colour mostly black (i.e., not conspicuously pale coloured), and lack a pale apical fasciae on T5.

FEMALE: Length 12-14 mm.

Head. 1) compound eyes subparallel; lateral ocelli very slightly nearer margin of vertex than eye (5:6), 2) clypeal margin straight, but very finely crenulate with a small central crenulation, apical rim impunctate and shiny, 3) mandibles 4-dentate, inner tooth very slightly incised or emarginate, approaching a 5-dentate condition, with a complete cutting edge between the 3rd and 4th teeth, incomplete between the 2nd and 3rd teeth (Plate 1, Figure M37), upper and lower margins of mandible in lateral view tapering gradually and evenly from base, 4) gena slightly broader than compound eye (8:7), 5) punctures of vertex quite deep and distinct, rather fine, close medially, becoming well separated laterally, fine and close on gena above, densely crowded and minute below; frons dull and densely rugose, supraclypeal area shining, punctures fine and slightly separated, clypeus shining and sparsely punctate medially, most speciments without a well defined impunctate line, 6) pubescence elongate and yellowish-white around antennae and lower part of face, clypeus with hairs entirely brownish medially with a few pale hairs on lateral margins, vertex with erect, elongate, pale hairs intermixed with shorter, brownish-black hairs, pubescence becoming largely brown on gena and on inner margin of compound eyes, 7) F1 longer than broad (2:1), longer than pedicel, F2 and F3, subequal in length to remaining flagellomeres, which are slightly longer than broad (2:1.5).

Mesosoma. 1) pubescence copious, elongate, yellowish-white laterally and posteriorly, becoming brownish-black on lower 1/3 and on underside of mesosoma and on legs; mesoscutum with long, erect pubescence that is pale anteriorly, but in large part brownish across posterior half of disc, pubescence long, erect and mostly pale on scutellum, 2) mesoscutum shining, punctures quite deep and distinct, moderately coarse, sparser on centre of disc, becoming close laterally; scutellum with fine and rather sparse punctures on mid-line but becoming rather closely punctate on each side, punctures of axilla very fine and crowded; pleura dull, punctures fine and very close, becoming minute and crowded above; propodeum smooth but dull, with vague, shallow and minute punctures evident, triangle dull and impunctate, 3) mid and hind basitarsi about as broad as their tibiae, but somewhat shorter, spurs yellowish-brown, 4) tegula smooth, with only minute punctures anteriorly, 5) wings subhyaline, veins brownish-black.

Metasoma. 1) T2 and T3 shallowly depressed across base, scarcely grooved, basal margin evident but not sharply carinate, apical margins of T2-T4 very shallowly but broadly depressed, entirely lacking fasciae; discal pubescence on T1 and T2 long, erect, quite copious, and entirely pale, on T3-T6 quite long, erect and entirely black, with much subappressed pubescence on T6, T6 nearly straight in profile; median punctures of basal terga minute and quite sparse, becoming closer laterally, sparser and larger on T3-T6; T6 densely and finely punctate throughout, 2) S6 covered with scopal hairs, these becoming somewhat sparse toward apex, which is fringed with short hairs; scopa black to largely reddish, often tinged with brown hairs toward base; the more basal sterna very closely and rather finely punctate, punctures somewhat more widely separated apically on the apical sterna.

MALE: Length 9-12 mm.

Head. 1) compound eyes subparallel; distance from lateral ocelli to eyes subequal to distance to margin of vertex, 2) clypeal margin shallowly emarginate on laterally, otherwise straight and entire with minute crenulations on apical rim, 3) mandibles 4-dentate, outer margin obtusely angulate medially, lower process triangular, with a broad base, basal in position, 4) gena somewhat broader than compound eye (7:6), with a blunt ridge with an apical hairy tuft on lower posterior angle, with a deep, narrow excavation between this and base of mandible, 5) vertex somewhat shining, punctures fine and close medially, becoming well separated laterally, very fine and close on gena above, becoming minute and densely crowded below, frons dull, rather finely rugosopunctate, becoming very finely and densely punctate on paraocular and supraclypeal areas, clypeus somewhat shining beneath pubescence, punctures very fine and very slightly separated over most of disc, 6) pubescence yellowish-white, quite copious around antennae and over lower half of face, becoming somewhat sparser but long and erect on vertex, with a few dark hairs intermixed, very short and sparse on gena, but with a transverse line of elongate, whitish hairs toward lower margin, 7) F1 longer than broad (2:1.5), and longer than pedicel, which is quadrate, subequal in length to F2, remaining flagellomeres longer than broad (2.5:2), apical flagellomere flattened and quite broadly dilated.

Mesosoma. 1) pubescence rather copious, elongate, yellowish-white laterally and posteriorly, mesoscutum with elongate, erect pubescence that is somewhat sparcer and pale anteriorly, becoming mostly brownish over posterior half, scutellum with mostly pale hairs, 2) mesoscutum somewhat dull, punctures quite deep and distinct, rather fine, slightly separated in centre of disc, but very close elsewhere, finer and uniformly close on scutellum and axilla, pleura dull, punctures very fine, shallow and quite densely crowded, propodeum somewhat smoother but dull, posterior face with well spaced, shallow, minute and rather obscure punctures, triangle dull and impunctate, 3) front coxal spine subtriangular, acute at tip, rather short but well developed, with elongate, pale pubescence posteriorly, a dense, transverse patch of short, brownish bristles at base of spine, coxa otherwise largely bare; mid tibial spurs short but well developed; front tarsus entirely yellowish, basitarsus broadly dilated and very deeply excavated, apex fully as broad as its tibia, following tarsomeres short, posterior margins with a dense fringe of yellowish-white hairs, intermixed with brown at tips; front tibia yellowish at apex and brownish on anterior and posterior faces, outer face black, distal rim with a strongly flattened and rounded tubercle projecting posteriorly; front femur largely yellowish-brown, with a dark band from base to apex on posterior face, rather prominently whitish-fringed posteriorly, mid and hind basitarsi much narrower and shorter than their tibiae, 4) tegula somewhat shining, rather closely and minutely punctate, 5) wings subhyaline, veins brownish-black.

Metasoma. 1) T2 and T3 shallowly depressed toward base, their basal margins distinct but not conspicuously carinate, T4-T6 faintly depressed at base, apical margins shallowly but rather broadly depressed, not at all fasciate, discal pubescence of T1, T2 and base of T3 entirely pale,erect, quite copious, pubescence on apical portion of T3, and T4-T5 largely blackish, erect and quite copious, T6 sparsely pubescent with long, pale hairs; punctures of terga medially minute, well separated, with surface shining, punctures becoming quite close at sides; T6 densely and finely punctate above, margin of carina irregularly crenulate, with a deep, rounded, median emargination, median teeth of apical margin elongated, slightly narrowed and abruptly truncate at tip, slightly nearer the low, subangulate lateral teeth than each other, T7 pointed apically, 2) S1-S4 exposed, shining, punctures very fine but rather close on the more basal sterna, becoming minute and vague apically, apical margin of each sternum narrowly but deeply and abruptly depressed, yellowish-hyaline, rather prominently fringed toward sides, discs sparsely pale pubescent.

Genitalia. Plate 2, Figure G37.

Discussion. Much confusion has arisen with use of the name Megachile femorata; Smith (1853) proposed it for a male specimen from North America, which was synonymous with M. latimanus Say, 1823. Provancher (1882) misdetermined males of M. melanophaea Smith, 1853 as M. femorata Smith, 1853. Subsequently, Smith (1879) used the name Megachile femorata for a new species from India (Bombay) (and Dalla Torre (1896) incorrectly placed the North America species M. femorata Provancher, 1882, 1883 (i.e., M. melanophaea) in synonymy). Because M. femorata Smith, 1853 is synonymous with M. latimanus, Megachile femoratella Cockerell, 1918, is the valid replacement name for M. femorata Smith, 1879 (not 1853) from India (M. Schwarz; pers. comm. to J. Ascher). Megachile melanophaea is a very common ground nesting species (Table 1).

Distribution. Widespread and abundant throughout Canada, from NF-BC, and into NT to Alaska.


Names
Scientific source:

Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apocynaceae  Apocynum androsaemifolium @ BBSL (1); CUIC_ENT (1)
Asteraceae  Aster sp @ BBSL (1)

Chaenactis douglasii @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Senecio dimorphophyllus @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Senecio @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Boraginaceae  Borago sp @ BBSL (1)

Mertensia lanceolata @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Phacelia @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Campanulaceae  Campanula parryi @ DART_ENT (2); RMBL_ENT (5)

Campanula rotundifolia @ BBSL (6); AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__BOULD (12); RMBL_ENT (6); DART_ENT (1)
Caprifoliaceae  Symphoricarpos occidentalis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Weigela floribunda @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Ericaceae  Azalea @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Rhododendron @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Fabaceae  Acmispon nevadensis @ UCRC_ENT (23)

Acmispon nevedensis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Astragalus bisulcatus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Astragalus sp @ BBSL (2)

Astragalus tenellus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Astragalus @ UCRC_ENT (12)

Baptisia @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hedysarum boreale @ BBSL (42)

Hosackia oblongifolia @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Lathyrus japonicus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lathyrus leucanthus @ DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (3)

Lotus argophyllus @ UCRC_ENT (3); BBSL__KWC (1)

Lotus argyraeus @ BBSL__KWC (1)

Lotus corniculatus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lotus wrightii @ BBSL__KWC (1)

Lupinus argenteus @ AMNH_BEE (1); RMBL_ENT (2); DART_ENT (1)

Lupinus confertus @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Lupinus sericeus @ BBSL (1)

Medicago sativa @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (8)

Melilotus officinalis @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Psoralea argophylla @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Robinia neomexicana @ BBSL (1)

Robinia sp @ BBSL (1)

Trifolium hybridum @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Trifolium repens @ BBSL (1)

Trifolium @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Vicia cracca @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Vicia @ AMNH_BEE (4); CUIC_ENT (1)
Freilich, j.  1630 @ JRYA__OLYM (2)

1635 @ JRYA__OLYM (2)
Fumariaceae  Ehrendorferia chrysantha @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Gentianaceae  Gentiana parryi @ RMBL_ENT (1)
Herndon, j.d.  1402 @ JRYA__OLYM (2)

1609 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)

1799 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)
Hydrophyllaceae  Phacelia sp @ BBSL (2)
Iridaceae  Iris @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Linaceae  Linum lewisii @ RMBL_ENT (4)
Onagraceae  Epilobium angustifolium @ RMBL_ENT (2)
Orchidaceae  Cypripedium reginae @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Plantaginaceae  Penstemon @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Polemoniaceae  Aliciella mcvickerae @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Gilia @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Polemonium foliosissimum @ RMBL_ENT (5)
Ranunculaceae  Ranunculus sp @ BBSL (1)
Rosaceae  Pentaphylloides floribunda @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Potentilla glandulosa @ BBSL (1)

Potentilla gracilis @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Potentilla pulcherrima @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Rosa arkansana @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Rosa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Rubus @ CUIC_ENT (2)
Rykken, j.  1527 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)

1535 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)

1559 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)

1562 @ JRYA__OLYM (2)

1670 @ JRYA__OLYM (1)
Scrophulariaceae  Penstemon harringtonii @ BBSL (1)

Penstemon sp @ BBSL (1)

Penstemon washingtonensis @ BBSL (2)
Violaceae  Viola praemorsa @ DART_ENT (1)
_  Withheld @ BBSL__YOSE (55); BBSL (92); BBSL__ZION (1)

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Updated: 2019-06-20 09:14:55 gmt
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