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Perdita zebrata Cresson, 1878
Perdita canina Cockerell, 1895; Perdita bakerae Cockerell, 1896; Perdita (Perdita) zebrata flavens Timberlake, 1958, valid subspecies

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Andrenidae   Perdita
Subgenus: Perdita

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Reprinted from: Cresson, E.T., 1878. Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc.7:69.

much like albipennis Cress., but smaller; head and thorax blue or greenish blue, thinly clothed with pale pubescence; a deep longitudinal groove on anterior orbite, more conspicuous than in albi pennis; sides of face narrowed above, clypeus, two dots above, sometimes con fluent, occasionally an irregular transverse Hue on front above antenna, labrum, mandibles except tips, scape beneath, interrupted bend on prothorax, tubercles and tegula white or yellow; sometimes the clypeus has two or more bleck dots; flagellum pale testaceous, brown above; thorax smooth and shining; wings whitish-hyaline, nervures and stigma white or yellowish, neuration as in hyalina; legs yellow the two auterior pairs more or less bleck behind, posterior femora above and their tibia except base, black, tarsi varied with fuscous; abdomen oblong-ovate, flat, shining, yellow, with more or less broad black or brown band at apex of each segment above; in well marked specimens these bands bend obliquely downwards on base of the following segment: the first segment being black or brown with a yellowish band on the disk; apical seg ments fringed with pale hairs; venter yellow. Length .25 inch. Var.?Four anterior legs entirely yellow; abdomen yellow with narrow blackish band at apex of segments 1?4, ending laterally in a dot which is sometimes separe ted from the band. Hab.?Colorado, (Ridings, Morrison). Seven specimens. This species is quite variable in its markings and specimens will doubtless be found with the abdomen entirely yellow. Mr. Frederick Smith, to whom specimens were sent, refers this species to Nom ioides Schenck.

Extracted from: P.H. TImberlake. A Revisional Study of The Bees of the Genus Perdita F. Smith, with Special Reference to the Fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea Part III). University of Caifornia Press Berkeley and Los Angeles 1958

Perdita zebrata Cresson, 1878, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc, 7:69, $ (in part) ; Cockerell, 1896, Proc. Acad. Sci., Phila., 48:68, figs. 9-10,?,^; Cockerell, 1897, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (6) 20:572; Cockerell, 1901, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (9) 7:129; Viereck, 1902, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc, 29:52; Crawford, 1903, Canad. Ent., 35:325; Cockerell, 1906, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 22:440; Swenk and Cockerell, 1907, Ent. News, 18:58; Cockerell, 1922, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 60, Art. 18:17; Cockerell, 1922, Amer. Mus. Novitates, 33:8; Cockerell, 1923, Ent. News, 34:46, 47; Timberlake, 1928, Proc Hawaii. Ent. Soc, 7:152; Timberlake, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, 521:10; Cockerell, 1933, Canad. Ent., 65:235.

Perdita canina Cockerell, 1895, Proc. Acad. Sci., Phila., 47:17, <$. Perdita bdkerae Cockerell, 1896, Proc. Acad. Sci., Phila., 48:69, figs. 11-12, £,$.

P. zebrata is probably the most abundant, or, at least, the most easily collected species of the genus in the Rocky Mountain states. It has been recorded from numerous localities in New Mexico, Colorado, Nebraska, Montana, and Utah, and the form with yellow markings, now to be known as P. zebrata flavens, from Wyoming and Nevada. It collects pollen from species of Cleome, but has been re¨corded also from flowers of Solidago and Helianthus, which it visits presumably only for nectar. The type locality is Colorado, without a more definite location.

Cresson confused two distinct species in his description of zebrata, the nontypi-cal one (female of luteiceps Cockerell) having bright yellow markings, which accounts for the mention of yellow in the markings and the asserted extension of the face marks above level of antennae.

The typical form of sebrata with yellowish white markings has been examined from the fol¨lowing localities.óCOLORADO: Boulder, Boulder County, on Cleome (Cockerell) ; Boulder County, July 4, 1925 (C. H. Hicks); White Rocks, near Boulder, Aug. 13, 1928 (C. P. Custer); White Rocks, on Cleome serrulata, June 28, 1939 (Timberlake); La Junta, Otero County, No. 3669 (Cockerell); La Junta, Aug. 12, 1920 (Lutz); Ridgway, Ouray County, No. 73,100; Ridgway, 7,000 ft., July 10, 1919 (Lutz); Alamosa, 7,500 ft., Alamosa County, June 15, 1919 (Lutz); Pleasant Valley, Ouray County, Aug. 19,1906; Denver, Denver County, on Cleome, July 20,1897 (Dunning); Denver, Aug. 4, 1908 (Mrs. Bennett); sage flats, Ute Creek, Costilla County, Aug. 5 (L. Bruner) and Aug. 13 (H. S. Smith); Port Garland, Costilla County, Aug. 9 (Bruner); Las Animas, Bent County, on C. serrulata, Aug. 23, 1931 (Timberlake); near Morley, Las Animas County, on C. serrulata, Aug. 24, 1931 (Timberlake); Elk Springs, Moffat County, Aug. 18, 1935 (C. J. Sorenson); Lay, Moffat County, July 14, 1949 (R. H. Beamer) ; Cache La Poudre River, Larimer County, on C. serrulata, Aug. 6, 1949 (Beamer) ; base of Horsetooth Mt., Larimer County, Aug. 30,1936; Fort Collins, Larimer County, one of the original specimens of bakerae, No. 1591 (Baker); Colorado, Nos. 1563, 1591, 1595, 1604, 1635, 2044, 2095, 2096, 2098, 2120, and 2419 (Baker). NEW MEXICO: Raton, Colfax County, Aug. 26; Lamy, Santa Fe County, July (Cockerell); Santa Fe, on Cleome, July and Aug., Nos. 3311, 4111 (Cockerell) ; Albuquerque, Bernalillo County, on Cleome, Nos. 3264, 4561 (Cockerell); Watrous, Mora County, No. 2505 (Cockerell); Glorietta, Santa Fe County, Aug. 23 (Cockerell) ; Laguna, Valencia County, on C. serrulata and Aplopappus heterophyllus, Sept. 4, 1930 (Timberlake); Omega, Catron County, July 18, 1951 (E. L. Kessel); Albuquerque, Bernalillo County, on Nolina microcarpa, July 23, 1950 (R. H. Beamer); Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, July 17, 1952 (R. H. and L. D. Beamer, W. La Berge, and C. Liang) ; 11 miles west of Mountainair, Torrance County, 5,850 feet, on Cleome, Aug. 4, 1946 (Scullen); 38 miles west of Magdalena, Socorro County, 7,100 feet, Aug. 5, 1946 (Scullen). ARIZONA: NO. 2123 (Baker); 8 miles north of Flagstaff, Coconino County, on C. serrulata, July 19, 1950 (C. D. Michener); 6 miles north of Flagstaff, July 4, 1952 (R. H. and L. D. Beamer, W. La Berge, and C. Liang); 20 miles north of Flagstaff, July 3, 1952 (Beamers, C. Weiner, A. Wolf, W. La Berge, and C. Liang); 3 miles northeast of Cottonwood, Yavapai County, July 7, 1952 (Beamers, La Berge, and C Liang) ; 15-20 miles north of Flagstaff, 6,000 feet, Aug. 1, 1950 (T. Cohn, P. Boone, and M. Cazier) ; 6 miles north of Wide Ruin, 6,000 feet, Apache County, July 23, 1950 (Cohn, Boone, and Cazier); Tuba City, Coconino County, Aug. 12, 1948 (C. and P. Vaurie). UTAH: Pintura, Washington County, Aug. 11, 1929 (R. H. Beamer) ; 10 miles west of Parowan, Iron County, July 25, 1948 (M. Cazier); Skull "Valley and Isosepa, Tooele County, Aug. 12, 1949 (G. F. Knowlton); Spanish Fork, Utah County, July 27, 1951 (Knowlton); Round Valley, Wasatch County, Aug. 21, 1942 (Knowlton and R. S. Roberts); Bert, Boxelder County, Aug.

26, 1949 (Knowlton); Promontory, Boxelder County, Aug. 20, 1949 (Knowlton); Abraham, Millard County, Aug. 2, 1949 (Knowlton) ; Holden, Millard County, Sept. 8, 1954 (Knowlton) ; Wellington, Carbon County, July 14, 1954 (Knowlton); Logan Canyon, Cache County, Aug. 27, 1954 (Knowlton); Clear Creek Canyon, Carbon County, June 11, 1954 (Knowlton); Thistle, Utah County, July 6, 1954 (Knowlton). WYOMING: Newcastle, Weston County, on Cleome, July 1, 1916 (F. C. Bishopp) ; Grand Teton National Park, July 1937 (R. M. Bohart) ; Yellowstone National Park, July 15 and Aug. 7, 1930 (American Museum). IDAHO: Montpelier, 5,940 feet, Bear Lake County, Aug. 4, 1934 (H. A. Scullen); Whitney, Franklin County, Aug. 1, 1907. NOETH DAKOTA: Cannon Ball, Morton County, on C. serrulata, Aug. 20, 1922 (O. A. Stevens). SOUTH DAKOTA: Buffalo, Harding Co., July 31, 1924; Buffalo, Sept. 11, 1934; Belle-fourche, Butte Co., July 29, 1924; Pierre, Hughes Co. (all H. C. Severin). NEBRASKA: Gering, Scotts Bluff Co., of Cleome, Aug. 14, 1901 (M. A. Carriker, Jr.); Crawford, Dawes Co., on Cleome, July 28, 1901 (Carriker and M. Cary); Bridgeport, Morrill Co., on Cleome, Aug. 14, 1901 (Carriker), and on Helianthus petiolaris, July 10, 1912 (L. M. Gates); Glen, 4,000 feet, Sioux Co., Aug. 10 and 15, 1905, and on Cleome and Helianthus, Aug. 13-22, 1906 (L. Bruner, M. Swenk, and H. S. Smith); Kimball, 5,000 feet, Kimball Co., Aug. 6, 1934 (Scullen) ; and Lodgepole, 4,050 feet, Cheyenne Co., Aug. 6,1934 (Scullen).

Scientific source:

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Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apiaceae  Pastinaca sativa @ BBSL (4)
Asteraceae  Chrysothamnus sp @ BBSL (9)

Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus @ BBSL (1)

Ericameria nauseosa @ BBSL (1)

Gutierrezia @ UCRC_ENT (11)

Helianthus sp @ BBSL (2)

Verbesina @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Wyethia scabra @ BBSL (1)
Brassicaceae  Stanleya pinnata @ BBSL (4)
Capparaceae  Cleome lutea @ BBSL (87)

Cleome serrulata @ BBSL (60)

Cleome sp @ BBSL (51)

Cleomella sp @ BBSL (4)
Chenopodiaceae  Salsola tragus @ BBSL (2)

Sarcobatus vermiculatus @ BBSL (2)
Cleomaceae  Cleome serrulata @ UCRC_ENT (115)

Cleome @ UCRC_ENT (46)

Oxystylis lutea @ UCRC_ENT (12)

Wislizenia refracta @ UCRC_ENT (9)
Euphorbiaceae  Croton texensis @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Fabaceae  Melilotus alba @ BBSL (3)
Hydrophyllaceae  Phacelia sp @ BBSL (1)
Polygonaceae  Eriogonum sp @ BBSL (5)
_  Withheld @ BBSL (2753)

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Updated: 2018-10-19 15:52:58 gmt
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