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Pinus albicaulis Engelm.
WHITEBARK PINE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree

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Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree
Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, Whole tree

Pinus albicaulis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, whole tree - general
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a large tree
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a large tree
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Pinus albicaulis, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, twig - showing attachment of needles
Pinus albicaulis, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, twig - showing attachment of needles

Pinus albicaulis, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - entire needle
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus albicaulis, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma harknessii @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Cinara azteca @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora byssoidea @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium corruge @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium ribicola @ BPI (5)
Dermateaceae  Patinella atro-viridis @ BPI (1)

Patinella atroviridis @ BPI (4)
Helotiaceae  Tympanis pinastri @ BPI (4)

Tympanis pithya @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus arida @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus fuscosanguineus @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus pini @ BPI (5)

Dasyscyphus serinellus @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula chrysophthalma @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete fimbriata @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete spreta @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tenuis @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium formosum @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia investiens @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria coulteri @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia coulteri @ 744595B (1); 744595A (1)

Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius molluscus @ BPI (2)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus cooperi @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Deraeocapsus fraternus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Deraeocoris davisi @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_ENT (2); AMNH_PBI (1)

Dichrooscytus convexifrons @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Dichrooscytus rainieri @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Dichrooscytus rostratus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Lygus rugulipennis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lygus striatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pappus crinitus @ AMNH_ENT (3)

Pappus intermedius @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Pappus luridus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pappus rolfsi @ AMNH_PBI (7)

Pappus rubripes @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Phytocoris heidemanni @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Pilophorus americanus @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Pilophorus diffusus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pinalitus rubrotinctus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pinalitus solivagus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pinophylus rolfsi @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Platylygus crinitus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Platylygus rolfsi @ AMNH_PBI (8)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Dothistroma pini @ BPI (1)
Mytilinidiaceae  Mytilinidion gemmigenum @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)
Odontotremataceae  Odontotrema minus @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora crassa @ BPI (2)

Peniophora odorata @ BPI (4)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (3)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Lentinus lepideus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus leucospongia @ BPI (1)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (1)

Poria sitchensis @ BPI (1)

Poria unita @ BPI (1)

Poria xantha @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Puto pricei @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Pyralidae  Pseudographis intermedia @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Pselliopus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Rhytismataceae  Hypodermella @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium nitens @ 651794B (1); 651794A (1); BPI (6)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Therrya @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum rugisporum @ BPI (3)
_  Grandinia granulosa @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Lophodermina nitens @ BPI (1)

Neopeckia coulteri @ BPI (18)

Sclerophoma @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Pinus_albicaulis.php

Following served from Botanik, Universitat Bonn
   
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Following served from Botanik, Universitat Bonn
   
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Following modified from US Forest Service
   
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/pinus/albicaulis.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/palbicaulis.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus albicaulis Engelm.
whitebark pine

Image of Pinus albicaulis

General Information
Symbol: PIAL
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pinus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Alpine Co., Carson Pass. August 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Alpine Co., Carson Pass. August 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Alpine Co., Carson Pass. August 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Alpine Co., Carson Pass. August 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Alpine Co., Carson Pass. August 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunrise. July 27, 1991. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Mount Rainier National Park, Sunrise. July 27, 1991. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Scatter Creek. June 1991. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Siskiyou Co., Mount Eddy. June 25, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Siskiyou Co., Mount Eddy. June 25, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park. June 22, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR, Crater Lake National Park. June 22, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, CA, Siskiyou Co., Mount Eddy. June 25, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Inyo Co., King's Canyon National Park. September 2, 1984. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Inyo Co. August 19, 1985. Usage Requirements .

Torkel Korling. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . 1934. Usage Requirements .

G.B. Sudworth. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . 1931. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Lewis and Clark National Forest. 1936. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT. Usage Requirements .

K.D. Swan. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT. Usage Requirements .

Charles A. Wellner. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ID. 1947. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT, Flatbead National Forest. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus albicaulis Engelm. – whitebark pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Nevada whitebark pine Protected as a Cactus, Yucca, or Christmas tree

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIAL)
CalPhotos (PIAL)
Flora of North America (PIAL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIAL)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PIAL)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIAL)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIAL)
Native Plants Network (PIAL)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIAL)
Related Websites
CA-Jepson Flora Project (PIAL)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (PIAL)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIAL)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (PIAL)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (U. of Washington) (PIAL)
www.conifers.org (PIAL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Pinus

1. Pinus albicaulis Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis. 2: 209. 1863.

Whitebark pine, pine à blanche écorce

Apinus albicaulis (Engelmann) Rydberg

Trees to 21m; trunk to 1.5m diam., straight to twisted and contorted; crown conic, becoming rounded to irregularly spreading. Bark pale gray, from distance appearing whitish to light gray and smooth, in age separating into thin plates. Branches spreading to ascending, often persistent to trunk base; twigs stout, pale red-brown, with light brown, often glandular puberulence, somewhat roughened by elevated scars, aging gray to pale gray-brown. Buds ovoid, light red-brown, 0.8--1cm; scale margins entire. Leaves 5 per fascicle, mostly ascending and upcurved, persisting 5--8 years, 3--7cm ´ 1--1.5(--2)mm, mostly connivent, deep yellow-green, abaxial surface less so, adaxial surface conspicuously whitened by stomates, margins rounded, minutely serrulate distally, apex conic-acute; sheath 0.8--1.2cm, shed early. Pollen cones cylindro-ovoid, ca. 10--15mm, scarlet. Seed cones remaining on tree (unless dislodged by animals), not opening naturally but through animal agency, spreading, symmetric, broadly ovoid to depressed-ovoid or nearly globose, 4--8cm, dull gray- to black-purple, sessile to short-stalked; scales thin-based and easily broken off; apophyses much thickened, strongly cross-keeled, tip upcurved, brown; umbo terminal, short, incurved, broadly triangular, tip acute. Seeds obovoid; body 7--11mm, chestnut brown, wingless. 2 n =24.

Thin, rocky, cold soils at or near timberline, montane forests; 1300--3700m; Alta., B.C.; Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.

Although two reliable dendrologists, G. B. Sudworth (1917) and N. T. Mirov (1967), include Utah in the distribution of Pinus albicaulis , more recent workers have not found it to occur there.

The fresh-cut wood of Pinus albicaulis is sweet-scented. Seeds are dispersed mainly by Clark's nutcracker [ Nucifraga columbiana (Wilson), family Corvidae].

SELECTED REFERENCES

Lanner, R.M. 1982. Adaptations of whitebark pine for seed dispersal by Clark's nutcracker. Canad. J. Forest Res. 12: 391--402.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+albicaulis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pinus+albicaulis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 115
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pinus albicaulis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0016 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0018 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0016 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0034 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 8076 3101 3984 0125 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0012 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0018 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0030 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 8120 3181 4563 0063 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 8076 3101 3973 0039 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0032 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0802 0377 [detail]
© 2002 Timothy D. Ives

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0036 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0033 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 8076 3101 3987 0012 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0035 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0014 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 8076 3101 3987 0011 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0017 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0013 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White-bark Pine
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0017 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
White Bark Pine
ID: 8266 3261 0475 0026 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0024 3291 1999 0016 [detail]
Neva Snell
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Pinus albicaulis
Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0802 0376 [detail]
© 2002 Timothy D. Ives

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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