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Quercus montana Willd.
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus montana, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

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Quercus montana, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, bark - of a large tree
Quercus montana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Quercus montana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - whole upper surface
Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles

Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles
Quercus montana, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Quercus montana, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - unspecified
Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, twig - orientation of petioles

Quercus montana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - whole upper surface
Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Quercus montana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Quercus montana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus montana, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella pluriannulata @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria fuliginosa @ BPI (2)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis quercina @ BPI (1)
Bulgariaceae  Holwaya gigantea @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium galzinii @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium californicum @ BPI (1)

Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (13)

Cronartium conigenum @ BPI (2)

Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (3)

Cronartium meineckii @ BPI (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (12)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (1)

Endothia parasitica @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Marssonina martinii @ BPI (1)

Pezicula cinnamomea @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (1)
Graphidaceae  Phaeographis inusta @ GAL (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Lachnum pollinarium @ 659782B (1); 659782A (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora subpallens @ GAL (1)
Melanconidaceae  Coryneum kunzei @ BPI (2)
Meruliaceae  Phlebia radiata @ BPI (1)
Pannariaceae  Fuscopannaria leucosticta @ GAL (1)
Parmeliaceae  Canoparmelia caroliniana @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna croceopustulata @ GAL (1)

Hypotrachyna osseoalba @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema reticulatum @ GAL (1)

Usnea cornuta @ GAL (1)

Usnea rubicunda @ GAL (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cremea @ BPI (1)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria paratuberculifera @ GAL (2)

Pertusaria velata @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Anaptychia palmulata @ GAL (1)

Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (3)
Sarcosomataceae  Strumella coryneoidea @ BPI (1)
Sarrameanaceae  Loxospora pustulata @ GAL (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina caerulescens @ BPI (2)
Venturiaceae  Uleodothis quercina @ BPI (1)

Venturia orbicula @ BPI (3)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon regale @ BPI (1)
_  Botryodiplodia ostiolata @ BPI (2)

Endoconidiophora variospora @ BPI (2)

Monochaetia desmazieri @ BPI (6)

Valsaria insitiva @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMO4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMO4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMO4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMO4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMO4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMO4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Quercus montana Willd.
chestnut oak

Image of Quercus montana

General Information
Symbol: QUMO4
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington, Rock Creek Cemetery. 1961. Usage Requirements .

Paul S. Carter. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Pisgah National Forest. 1935. Usage Requirements .

Solon L. Parkes. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA, Berks Co., Oley Township. 1927. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 624. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
QUPR2 Quercus prinus L. p.p., nom. utique rej. chestnut oak

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus montana Willd. – chestnut oak

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois rock chestnut oak Threatened
Maine chestnut oak Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUMO4)
CalPhotos (QUMO4)
Flora of North America (QUMO4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUMO4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUPR2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUMO4)
Native Plants Network (QUMO4)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUMO4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUMO4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUPR2)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUPR2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

40. Quercus montana Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4(1): 440. 1805.

Mountain chestnut oak, rock chestnut oak

Trees , deciduous, to 30 m. Bark dark gray or brown, hard, with deep V-shaped furrows. Twigs light brown, 2-3(-4) mm diam., glabrous. Buds light brown, ovoid, (3-)4-6 mm, occasionally apex acute, glabrous. Leaves: petiole (3-)10-30 mm. Leaf blade obovate to narrowly elliptic or narrowly obovate, (100-)120-200(-220) × 60-100(-120) mm, base subacute or rounded-acuminate, often unequal, margins regularly toothed, teeth rounded or rarely somewhat acute, secondary veins ± parallel, straight or moderately curved, 10-14(-16) on each side, apex broadly acuminate; surfaces abaxially light green, appearing glabrous but with scattered minute, asymmetric, appressed-stellate hairs and usually visible, larger, simple or fascicled erect hairs along veins, adaxially dark green, glossy, glabrous or with minute, scattered, simple hairs. Acorns 1-3, subsessile or on peduncle 8-20(-25) mm; cup shallowly cup-shaped to hemispheric or deeply goblet-shaped, rim thin, often flared and undulate, helmetlike, 9-15 mm deep × 18-25 mm wide, scales often in concentric or transverse rows, laterally connate, gray, broadly ovate, tips reddish, glabrous; nut light brown, ovoid-ellipsoid, 15-30 × 10-20(-25) mm, glabrous. Cotyledons distinct. 2 n = 24.

Flowering mid-late spring. Rocky upland forest, dry ridges, mixed deciduous forests on shallow soils; 0-1400 m; Ala., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

The name Quercus prinus Linnaeus is often applied to this species, particularly in the forestry literature, and in many regional floras. In a number of works, however, Q . prinus has been applied to the species here treated as Q . michauxii . Following the recommendations of J. W. Hardin (1979), because of the persistent confusion in the application of the name Q . prinus and uncertainty regarding the identity of the Linnean type materials, the names Q . montana and Q . michauxii should be used for the two species that have been variously called Q . prinus . Quercus prinus under this interpretation is a name of uncertain position.

The four species of the chestnut oak group in eastern North America ( Quercus montana , Q . michauxii , Q . muhlenbergii , and Q . prinoides ) are somewhat difficult to distinguish unless careful attention is paid to features of leaf vestiture and fruit and cup morphology. Attempts to identify these species mostly or solely on basis of leaf shape and dentition (as in many other oak species complexes) have resulted in a plethora of misidentified material in herbaria and erroneous reports in the literature. The closely appressed, asymmetric trichomes on the abaxial surface of the mature leaf, in combination with longer simple hairs along the midvein, are unique to Q . montana among North American species of Quercus . Immature leaves and densely shaded leaves sometimes exhibit a more erect trichome that could be confused with the longer, felty hairs of Q . michauxii , so it is important to evaluate mature sun leaves when possible.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+montana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+montana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus montana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Quercus montana
Quercus montana
ID: 0000 0000 1216 1029 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus montana
Quercus montana
ID: 0000 0000 1117 0035 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

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