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Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
CHINKAPIN OAK
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

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Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk

Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - general
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, bark - of a large tree

Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - whole upper surface
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus muehlenbergii, leaf - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Neosymydobius albasiphus @ NCSU (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia @ BPI (2)

Fusicoccum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (3)

Eratoneura andersoni @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (2)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (3)

Eratoneura beeri @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (2)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (2)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (13)

Eratoneura clavipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (1)

Eratoneura curvata @ III (2)

Eratoneura era @ III (1)

Eratoneura firma @ III (1)

Eratoneura forfex @ III (1); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura guicei @ III (1)

Eratoneura haysensis @ III (1)

Eratoneura hymac @ III (1)

Eratoneura impar @ NCSU (1); III (21)

Eratoneura inepta @ III (2)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (2)

Eratoneura manus @ III (1)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (1)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (2)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (1)

Eratoneura parva @ III (2)

Eratoneura parvipes @ III (2)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura prolixa @ III (4)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (2)

Eratoneura rotunda @ III (1)

Eratoneura spala @ III (1)

Eratoneura tantilla @ III (2)

Eratoneura ungulata @ III (2)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Erythridula abolla @ III (1)

Erythridula bicornis @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (3)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (1)

Erythridula diffisa @ III (1)

Erythridula eluta @ III (1)

Erythridula fumida @ III (1)

Erythridula idonea @ III (1)

Erythridula noeva @ III (3)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (2)

Erythridula ulmosa @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura cymbium @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (1)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (2)

Erythroneura vitis @ III (2)

Hymetta balteata @ III (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (1)

Endothia parasitica @ BPI (1)
Derbidae  Anotia fitchi @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (5)
Dermateaceae  Marssonina martinii @ BPI (9)

Marssonina quercina @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (4)

Microsphaera quercina @ BPI (3)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia quercina @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium pulicare @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Coryneum pustulatum @ BPI (1)

Coryneum @ BPI (1)
Microstromataceae  Microstroma album @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella maculiformis @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus albellus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus crocatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex mollis @ BPI (1)

Odontia @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus oakesii @ BPI (1)

Stereum frustulatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum ochraceoflavum @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia orbicula @ BPI (2)
_  Botryodiplodia gallae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUMU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUMU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
chinquapin oak

Image of Quercus muehlenbergii

General Information
Symbol: QUMU
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Other Common Names: chinkapin oak
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

W.R. Mattoon. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, KY. 1929. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, OK, Edmond. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, TX, Tarrant Co., Fort Worth Botanical Gardens. April 14, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 624. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
QUAC Quercus acuminata (Michx.) Houba
QUAL4 Quercus alexanderi Britton
QUPR5 Quercus prinoides J.M. Coult., non Willd.
QUPRA Quercus prinoides Willd. var. acuminata (Michx.) Gleason

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. – chinquapin oak

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Indiana Quercus prinoides
dwarf chinquapin oak Endangered
Massachusetts yellow oak Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUMU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUAC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUAL4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUMU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUPRA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (QUMU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUMU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (QUMU)
Native Plants Network (QUMU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUMU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (QUMU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUMU)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUMU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

42. Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis. 3: 391. 1887.

Chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak, yellow chestnut oak

Quercus acuminata (Michaux) Sargent; Q . brayi Small; Q . prinus Linnaeus var. acuminata Michaux

Trees , deciduous, moderate to large, to 30 m, occasionally large shrubs (ca. 3 m) on drier sites. Bark gray, thin, flaky to papery. Twigs brownish, 1.5-3(-4) mm diam., sparsely fine-pubescent, soon becoming glabrate, graying in 2d year. Buds brown to red-brown, subrotund to broadly ovoid, 20-40 × (10-)15-25 mm, apex rounded, very sparsely pubescent. Leaves: petiole (7-)10-30(-37) mm. Leaf blade usually obovate, sometimes lanceolate to oblanceolate, (32-)50-150(-210) × (10-)40-80(-106) mm, leathery, base truncate to cuneate, margins regularly undulate, toothed or shallow-lobed, teeth or lobes rounded, or acute-acuminate, often strongly antrorse, secondary veins usually (9-)10-14(-16) on each side, ± parallel, apex short-acute to acuminate or apiculate; surfaces abaxially glaucous or light green, appearing glabrate but with scattered or crowded minute, appressed, symmetric, 6-10-rayed stellate hairs, adaxially lustrous dark green, glabrate. Acorns 1-2, subsessile or on axillary peduncle to 8 mm; cup hemispheric or shallowly cupped, 4-12 mm deep × 8-22 mm wide, enclosing 1/4-1/2 nut, base rounded, margin usually thin, scales closely appressed, moderately to prominently tuberculate, uniformly short gray-pubescent; nut light brown, oblong to ovoid, (13-)15-20(-28) × l0-13(-16) mm. Cotyledons distinct. 2 n = 24.

Flowering late winter-spring. Mixed deciduous forest, woodlands and thickets, sometimes restricted to n slopes and riparian habitats in w parts of range, limestone and calcareous soils, rarely on other substrates; 0-2300 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Hidalgo, and Tamaulipas).

Shrubby forms of Quercus muehlenbergii are difficult to distinguish from Quercus prinoides , but Q . muehlenbergii does not spread clonally or produce acorns on small shrubs as does Q . prinoides . The edaphic preferences of these two species are distinctive, with Q . muehlenbergii never far from limestone substrates and Q . prinoides occurring mostly on dry shales and deep sands. Populations of Q . muehlenbergii from the southwest part of its range, on the Edwards Plateau of Texas and westward, sometimes are segregated as Q . brayi Small, but the variation appears to be clinal with inconsistent differences. Distributed from Hidalgo, Mexico to Maine, Q . muehlenbergii is one of the most widespread species of temperate North American trees.

The Delaware-Ontario prepared infusions from the bark of Quercus muehlenbergii to stop vomiting (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+muehlenbergii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+muehlenbergii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus muehlenbergii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
ID: 0000 0000 0716 0509 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
ID: 0000 0000 0716 0510 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
ID: 0000 0000 1216 1030 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus muehlenbergii
Quercus muehlenbergii
ID: 0000 0000 0716 0508 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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