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Quercus velutina . Lam
BLACK OAK
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus velutina, twig - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, twig - unspecified

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Quercus velutina, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, whole tree or vine - general
Quercus velutina, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, bark - of a large tree

Quercus velutina, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, whole tree or vine - view up trunk
Quercus velutina, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified
Quercus velutina, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Quercus velutina, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - whole upper surface
Quercus velutina, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - whole upper surface

Quercus velutina, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Quercus velutina, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, twig - orientation of petioles

Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified
Quercus velutina, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, twig - close-up winter leaf scar/bud

Quercus velutina, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, twig - orientation of petioles
Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Quercus velutina, leaf - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Synecdoche impunctata @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Agaricaceae  Phoma glandicola @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia breviseta @ BPI (3)

Pestalotia clavispora @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia hysteriiformis @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia monochaeta @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia montellica @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia quercina @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stellata @ BPI (6)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella barbirostris @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzocallis ( @ NCSU (1); AMNH_PBI (4)

Neosymydobius albasiphus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Ascodichaenaceae  Dichaena strumosa @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella quercina @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta quercus-prini @ BPI (1)
Bulgariaceae  Bulgaria inquinans @ BPI (3)

Bulgaria rufa @ BPI (3)
Ceratostomataceae  Ceratostoma setigerum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Eratoneura abjecta @ III (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (40)

Eratoneura accola @ III (2)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (8)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (6)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (1)

Eratoneura certa @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemoides @ III (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (3)

Eratoneura guicei @ III (1)

Eratoneura harnedi @ III (1)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (6)

Eratoneura maga @ III (5)

Eratoneura manus @ III (23)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (9)

Eratoneura metopia @ III (2)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (3)

Eratoneura mirifica @ III (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura pamelae @ III (2)

Eratoneura parva @ III (2)

Eratoneura parvipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura patris @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (2)

Eratoneura staminea @ III (9)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (3)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (1)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (1)

Eratoneura ungulata @ III (1)

Erythridula clavata @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula fulvocephala @ III (1)

Erythridula hamata @ III (1)

Erythridula lawsoniana @ III (1)

Erythridula noeva @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula parsonsi @ III (1)

Erythridula rugosae @ III (1)

Erythridula zephyr @ III (1)

Erythroneura beameri @ III (1)

Erythroneura corni @ III (1)

Graphocephala fennahi @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium californicum @ BPI (2)

Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (105)

Cronartium conigenum @ BPI (2)

Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (23)

Cronartium meineckii @ BPI (2)

Cronartium quercus @ BPI (8)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (12)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (10)

Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (23)

Endothia parasitica @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ 656227A (1); 656227B (1); BPI (1)

Gloeosporium bicolor @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium nervisequum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium septorioides @ BPI (4)

Marssonina martinii @ BPI (2)

Marssonina quercina @ BPI (4)

Marssonina quercus @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe leiphaemia @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe parasitica @ BPI (6)

Phomopsis glandicola @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype albopruinosa @ BPI (1)

Eutypa acharii @ BPI (1)
Elsinoaceae  Elsinoe quercus-falcatae @ BPI (3)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (18)

Microsphaera quercina @ BPI (1)

Oospora fasciculata @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (8)

Phyllactinia guttata @ BPI (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (1)

Exidia recisa @ BPI (2)

Guepinia spathularia @ BPI (2)
Fenestellaceae  Fenestella phaeospora @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (1)

Daedalea quercina @ BPI (2)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma curtisii @ BPI (2)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia veneta @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete curtisii @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora malorum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium flexuosum @ BPI (2)
Issidae  Thionia elliptica @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Melanconidaceae  Coryneum kunzei @ BPI (1)

Coryneum pustulatum @ BPI (1)

Coryneum @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Archasia auriculata @ NCSU (2)

Archasia belfragei @ UDCC_TCN (1); AMNH_ENT (1)

Atymna querci @ UDCC_TCN (5); UDCC_NRI (2)

Cyrtolobus arcuatus @ AMNH_ENT (1); NCSU (29); UDCC_TCN (72)

Cyrtolobus auroreus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus fenestratus @ UDCC_NRI (1); UDCC_TCN (15); NCSU (8); AMNH_ENT (1)

Cyrtolobus fuliginosus @ UDCC_TCN (55); NCSU (42); AMNH_ENT (25); UDCC_NRI (9)

Cyrtolobus funkhouseri @ NCSU (4)

Cyrtolobus fuscipennis @ UDCC_NRI (1); UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus gramatanus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Cyrtolobus gratiosus @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Cyrtolobus griseus @ UDCC_NRI (2)

Cyrtolobus inermis @ UDCC_TCN (2); AMNH_ENT (2)

Cyrtolobus maculifrontis @ UDCC_NRI (1); AMNH_ENT (7); ANSP_ENT (1); UDCC_TCN (6)

Cyrtolobus ovatus @ NCSU (3); UDCC_TCN (6)

Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis @ AMNH_ENT (2); ANSP_ENT (1)

Cyrtolobus pulchellus @ UDCC_NRI (8)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ NCSU (1); UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus vau @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus @ AMNH_ENT (6)

Glossonotus acuminatus @ UDCC_TCN (2); AMNH_ENT (17); NCSU (1)

Glossonotus turriculatus @ NCSU (1); AMNH_ENT (1)

Glossonotus univittatus @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU (5)

Microcentrus perditus @ NCSU (3)

Ophiderma definita @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (3); UDCC_NRI (3)

Ophiderma evelyna @ UDCC_NRI (1); UDCC_TCN (10); NCSU (15)

Ophiderma flava @ NCSU (1); UDCC_NRI (5)

Ophiderma flavicephala @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU (1)

Ophiderma grisea @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Ophiderma pubescens @ UDCC_TCN (12); AMNH_ENT (1); NCSU (5)

Ophiderma salamandra @ UDCC_NRI (5); UDCC_TCN (5); NCSU (9)

Platycotis vittata @ NCSU (3); UDCC_TCN (8)

Smilia camelus @ AMNH_ENT (12); NCSU (9); UDCC_TCN (43)

Smilia fasciata @ UDCC_TCN (4); NCSU (11)

Stictocephala brevitylus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Stictocephala lutea @ UDCC_TCN (4)

Telamona concava @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Telamona decorata @ NCSU (1)

Telamona extrema @ NCSU (1)

Telamona monticola @ UDCC_TCN (9); AMNH_ENT (12)

Xantholobus intermedius @ UDCC_TCN (9); AMNH_ENT (5)

Xantholobus muticus @ UDCC_TCN (3)
Meruliaceae  Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia merismoides @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus miniatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Psallus variabilis @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Pseudoxenetus regalis @ AMNH_IZC (2); AMNH_PBI (3)

Schaffneria davisi @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Hormodendrum cladosporioides @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Septoria dryina @ BPI (2)

Septoria @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Cylindrium flavovirens @ BPI (1)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (1)

Nectria ditissima @ BPI (3)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (14)

Nectria mammoidea @ BPI (2)
Pannariaceae  Parmeliella pannosa @ GAL (1)

Parmeliella triptophylla @ GAL (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria dryophila @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus applicatus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Favolus alveolarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes everhartii @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (2)

Hapalopilus gilvus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus croceus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dryadeus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus frondosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus hispidus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus immitis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus lucidus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus metallicus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus obtusus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus rutilans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus semipileatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus spraguei @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (1)

Poria tenuis @ BPI (2)

Poria @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Strumella coryneoidea @ BPI (5)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium mariani @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (3)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex cinnamomeus @ BPI (5)

Irpex fuscescens @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum complicatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (4)

Stereum frustulatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (1)

Stereum ostrea @ BPI (2)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina caerulescens @ BPI (59); 875952A (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella foliacea @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora frustum-coni @ BPI (1)

Valsa densissima @ BPI (1)

Valsa frustrum-coni @ BPI (1)

Valsa lutescens @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia orbicula @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon atropunctatum @ 587546A (1); 587546B (1); BPI (5)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon mediterraneum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon truncatum @ BPI (2)

Nummularia bulliardii @ BPI (1)

Xylaria hypoxylon @ BPI (1)
_  Actinopelte dryina @ BPI (5)

Botryodiplodia gallae @ BPI (2)

Hypha @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium dryinum @ BPI (3)

Monochaetia desmazieri @ BPI (14)

Myxosporium naviculatum @ BPI (1)

Phaeobulgaria inquinans @ BPI (1)

Psiloglonium clavisporum @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/quercus/velutina.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUVE
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Quercus velutina Lam.
black oak

Image of Quercus velutina

General Information
Symbol: QUVE
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Beltsville. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. 1953. Usage Requirements .

H.S. Graves. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. 1896. Usage Requirements .

E.R. Jackson. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, SC. 1912. Usage Requirements .

W.R. Mattoon. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, TN. 1919. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 619. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
QUVEM Quercus velutina Lam. var. missouriensis Sarg.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus velutina Lam. – black oak

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUVE)
CalPhotos (QUVE)
Flora of North America (QUVE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUVE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUVEM)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUVE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (QUVE)
Native Plants Network (QUVE)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUVE)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (QUVE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUVE)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (QUVE)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUVE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

35. Quercus velutina Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 1: 721. 1785.

Black oak

Quercus tinctoria W. Bartram

Trees , deciduous, to 25 m. Bark dark brown to black, deeply furrowed, ridges often broken into irregular blocks, inner bark yellow or orange. Twigs dark reddish brown, (1.5-)2.5-4.5(-5) mm diam., glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Terminal buds ovoid or ellipsoid to subconic, 6-12 mm, noticeably 5-angled in cross section, tawny- or gray-pubescent. Leaves: petiole 25-70 mm, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaf blade ovate to obovate, (80-)100-300 × 80-150 mm, base obtuse to truncate, inequilateral, margins with 5-9 lobes and 15-50 awns, lobes oblong or distally expanded, separated by deep sinuses, apex acute to obtuse; surfaces abaxially pale green, glabrous except for small axillary tufts of tomentum or with scattered pubescence, especially along veins, adaxially glossy, dark green, glabrous, secondary veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup cup-shaped or turbinate, 7-14 mm high × 12-22 mm wide, covering 1/2 nut, cup margins not involute, outer surface puberulent, inner surface pubescent, scale tips loose, especially at margin of cup, acute to acuminate; nut subglobose to ovoid, 10-20 × 10-18 mm, glabrate, scar diam. 5.5-12 mm. n = 12 ± 1; 2 n = 24.

Flowering spring. Commonly on dry slopes and upland areas, occasionally on sandy lowlands (especially in north) and poorly drained uplands and terraces; 0-1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The bark of this species (quercitron) is rich in tannins and was once an important source of these chemicals used for tanning leather. (The yellow dye obtained from the bark is also called quercitron.)

Native Americans used Quercus velutina medicinally for indigestion, chronic dysentery, mouth sores, chills and fevers, chapped skin, hoarseness, milky urine, lung trouble, sore eyes, and as a tonic, an antiseptic, and an emetic (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Quercus velutina reportedly hybridizes with Q . coccinea , Q . ellipsoidalis (= Q . × paleolithicola Trelease), Q . falcata [= Q . × willdenowiana (Dippel) Zabel] (= Q . × pinetorum Moldenke)], Q . ilicifolia (= Q . × rehderi Trelease), Q . imbricaria (= Q . × leana Nuttall), Q . incana , Q . laevis , and Q . laurifolia (= Q . × cocksii Sargent, although E. J. Palmer [1948] challenged the validity of this claim), Q . marilandica , Q . nigra , Q . palustris (= Q . × vaga E. J. Palmer & Steyermark), Q . phellos (= Q . × filialis Little), Q . rubra , Q . shumardii , and possibly Q . arkansana (D. M. Hunt 1989).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+velutina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+velutina&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus velutina%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0584 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0586 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0588 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0590 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0591 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0592 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0593 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0594 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1520 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
Black Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1521 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2435 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus velutina
Quercus velutina
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2436 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

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