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Ratibida columnifera (Nutt. ) Wooton &. Standl.
PRAIRIE CONEFLOWER
Upright prairie coneflower

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Ratibida

Ratibida columnifera
© Copyright Jennifer Larson 2012 · 2
Ratibida columnifera

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Ratibida columnifera, flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Ratibida columnifera, flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena rudbeckiae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena runcinatae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Perdita lepachidis @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Apidae  Holcopasites heliopsis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Melissodes perlusa @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes wheeleri @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Colletidae  Colletes rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma compositarum @ BPI (1)

Entyloma polysporum @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon texanus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Dieunomia bolliana @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (13)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum semicaeruleum @ AMNH_BEE (7)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys texana @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile texana @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria lepachydis @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria dumetorum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooton & Standley Columnar Prairie Coneflower
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Ratibida columnifera
This plant is not on the Delaware flora checklist .  It is native to North America, but not to Delaware. Brandywine Creek State Park
August 2007

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.

Long-head Coneflower

Ratibida columnifera plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To -1m tall, erect, multiple from base, simple to branching above, herbaceous, scabrous, antrorse strigose, carinate, angled, from taproot.

Ratibida columnifera stem

Leaves - Alternate, deeply pinnatifid, petiolate below, sessile above, to +10cm long, +5cm broad, scabrous, antrorse strigose. Lobes often divided. Ultimate divisions linear to linear-oblong, to 3mm broad, entire, acute.

Ratibida columnifera leaf

Ratibida columnifera leaf

Inflorescence - Single flower head terminating stem. Peduncle naked, to +20cm long, antrorse strigose.

Involucre - Phyllaries typically in two series of long outer bracts and inner series of minute bracts. Outer phyllaries linear-attenuate, to 6mm long, spreading, antrorse strigose. Inner phyllaries ovate, to +1mm long, densely pubescent.

Ratibida columnifera involucre Involucre (rays removed).

Ray flowers - Sterile. Typically 6, yellow or with brownish-purple and yellow apices, to +2cm long, +1.5cm broad, pubescent below, glabrous above, spreading to reflexed, notched at apex. Achene black, 1.5mm long, 3-sided, pubescent above. Pappus typically absent or a minute crown.

Ratibida columnifera flower

Ratibida columnifera flower

Disk flowers - Fertile. Corolla 5-lobed, purple. Tube to 1.8mm long, glabrous. Achenes white in flower, compressed, 2.5mm long, 1.5mm broad, with some pubescence. Pappus typically absent or a minute crown. Receptacle columnar, 1.5mm in diameter, to -2cm long. Chaff with deep purple spot near apex, equaling or exceeding the achenes, ciliate-margined.

Ratibida columnifera disk Disk close-up.

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Prairies, waste ground, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This striking plant is locally common in some parts of the state but is not wild throughout. It is, however, commonly cultivated and will not doubt escape and spread.
The two forms of the plant are shown above. Form columnifera has the completely yellow ligules. Form pulcherrima (DC.) Fern. has the ligules which are purplish-brown with yellow at the apex.
The disk flowers bloom in an indeterminate fashion along the receptacle.
The name " columnifera " means "column producing", and indeed, the flower does have the distinct columnar receptacle.

Photographs taken of Hwy 60 near Van Buren, MO., 6-20-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RACO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RACO3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RACO3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RACO3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RACO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RACO3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooton & Standl.
upright prairie coneflower

Image of Ratibida columnifera

General Information
Symbol: RACO3
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 474. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LECO48 Lepachys columnaris (Pursh) Torr. & A. Gray
LECO13 Lepachys columnifera (Nutt.) J.F. Macbr.
RACO7 Ratibida columnaris (Pursh) D. Don
RACOP Ratibida columnaris (Pursh) D. Don var. pulcherrima (DC.) D. Don
RUCO23 Rudbeckia columnaris Pursh, non Sims
RUCO24 Rudbeckia columnifera Nutt.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Ratibida Raf. – prairie coneflower
Species Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooton & Standl. – upright prairie coneflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RACO3)
CalPhotos (RACO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LECO13)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RACO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RACO7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RACOP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RUCO23)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RUCO24)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (RACO3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (RACO3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (RACO3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (RACO3)
Native Plants Network (RACO3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (RACO3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (RACO3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (RACO3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RACO3)
Related Websites
Canada-Rangeland Ecosystems and Plants (RACO3)
Forestry Images (RACO3)
IL-Illinois State Museum (RACO3)
KS-Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses (RACO3)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (RACO3)
MO-Missouri Plants (RACO3)
MT-Montana Plant Life (RACO3)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (RACO3)
OK-Oklahoma Pasture and Roadside Plants (RACO3)
TX-Chihuahuan Desert Gardens (RACO3)
TX-South Texas Natives (RACO3)
TX-Udvalde Research & Extension Center (TAMU) (RACO3)
UK-Plants For A Future (RACO3)
USDI GS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (RACO3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 61, 62 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Ratibida

1. Ratibida columnifera (Nuttall) Wooton & Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 19: 706. 1915.

Upright prairie coneflower, redspike Mexican-hat.

Rudbeckia columnifera Nuttall, Cat. Pl. Upper Louisiana, no. 75. 1813; Ratibida columnaris (Sims) D. Don

Perennials, to 105+ cm; taprooted. Leaves 2—15+ × 0.8—6 cm, 1—2-pinnatifid, lobes 3—14, narrowly linear-lanceolate to narrowly oblong-ovate, 1—16 mm wide, faces hirsute, gland-dotted. Heads 1—15, held well beyond leaves. Peduncles (1.5—)6.5—48+ cm (ribs tan, prominent). Phyllaries 5—14, outer linear, 4—14 × 0.5—2 mm, inner lanceolate-ovate, 0.8—3 × 0.8—2 mm. Paleae 2.3—3.5 × 0.5—3 mm, resin glands oval-oblanceolate, 0.6—1.5 mm. Ray florets 4—12; corollas yellow, purplish yellow, or maroon, sometimes bicolor (maroon/yellow), laminae lanceolate-ovate to elliptic-oblanceolate, 7—35 × 4—17 mm. Discs columnar, 10—50 × 7—12 mm. Disc florets 200—400+; corollas greenish yellow, often purplish distally, 1—2.5 mm; style branches 0.5—1.4 mm, proximal 2 /3— 3 /4 stigmatic, apices rounded. Cypselae oblong, 1.2—3 × 1.2—2 mm, abaxial margins glabrous, adaxial margins and apices glabrous or ciliate; pappi (tan) usually of 1—2 toothlike projections, sometimes 0. 2 n = 28.

Flowering Mar—Nov. Prairies; 10—2200 m; Alta., B.C., Man., Ont., Sask.; Ariz., Ark., Colo., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., La., Mass., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.C., N.Dak., Okla., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Wis., Wyo.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz).

Ratibida columnifera is grown as an ornamental and is often included in wild flower plantings. Such activities may extend the geographic range of the species to roadsides and prairie-like habitats.

Some variants of Ratibida columnifera have been treated as varieties or forms. The most prominent of these is forma pulcherrima (de Candolle) Fernald, which is characterized by its showy, purplish yellow to purple rays; it is more frequent in the southwestern part of the range of the species. In the typical form, rays are yellow (E. L. Richards 1968).

Some authors have argued that Ratibida columnaris (Sims) D. Don is the correct name for this species; J. L. Reveal (1968) and E. L. Richards (1968) provided synoptic discussions of the issue.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ratibida+columnifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ratibida+columnifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 24
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ratibida columnifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0701 0312 [detail]
© 2001 Jeff Abbas

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0701 0311 [detail]
© 2001 Jeff Abbas

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Mexican-hat
ID: 0000 0000 0704 0576 [detail]
© 2004 Robert Sivinski

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Mexican-hat
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0149 [detail]
© 2004 Robert Sivinski

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Prairie Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0480 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1656 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0415 [detail]
© 2007 LTC William E. Ottinger, Ph.D.

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0170 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0171 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0172 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0173 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0174 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 1213 1515 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
ID: 0000 0000 1213 1517 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Long-headed Coneflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2180 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Long-headed Coneflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2181 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Long-headed Coneflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2182 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Long-headed Coneflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2183 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Long-headed Coneflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2184 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0916 0245 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Coneflower
ID: 0000 0000 0916 0246 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Conefrlower
ID: 0000 0000 1218 2264 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Conefrlower
ID: 0000 0000 1218 2263 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

Ratibida columnifera
Ratibida columnifera
Upright Prairie Conefrlower
ID: 0000 0000 1218 2262 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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