D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Salix babylonica L.
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix


Click on map for details about points.

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma atomica @ BPI (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena carlini @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena mariae @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena miserabilis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (16)

Andrena persimulata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena vicina @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Chaitophorus viminalis @ NCSU_ENT (10)

Chaitophorus viminicola @ NCSU_ENT (8)

Periphyllus testudinaceus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pterocomma bicolor @ NCSU (4); CSCA_TCN (3)

Pterocomma smithiae @ NCSU (31)

Tuberolachnus salignus @ NCSU (9); CSCA_TCN (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Macrophoma @ BPI (2)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Sporoschisma mirabile @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Eratoneura hartii @ III (1)

Eratoneura omani @ III (1)

Erythridula rufostigmosa @ III (2)

Erythroneura rosa @ III (1)

Kybos butleri @ III (1)

Kybos obtusa @ III (2)

Kybos patula @ III (5)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporidiella salicis @ BPI (1)

Marssonina kriegeriana @ BPI (2)

Monostichella salicis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Pinnaspis strachani @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Uncinula salicis @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (2)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma lucidum @ BPI (1)

Ganoderma microsporum @ BPI (1)

Ganoderma sessile @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia bullata @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (4)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (2)

Melampsora coleosporioides @ BPI (5)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (1)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius rufus @ BPI (2)

Merulius rugulosus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus fuscinus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Ceratocapsus pumilus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp1 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_004 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora babylonicae @ BPI (2)

Cercospora salicina @ BPI (3)

Discella carbonacea @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium salicis @ BPI (1)

Nectria penicillioides @ BPI (1)

Volutella @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus pometi @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites tricolor @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fumosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pallidocervinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)

Polyporus @ BPI (2)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus dispar @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Rhytismataceae  Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Auriculariopsis ampla @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum purpureum @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium salicellum @ BPI (2)

Mycena corticola @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora chrysosperma @ BPI (3)

Cytospora fugax @ BPI (1)

Cytospora translucens @ 365779A (1); 365779B (1); 365779C (1); BPI (2); 365777B (1); 365777A (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Diplodina salicina @ BPI (1)

Valsa salicina @ BPI (1)

Valsa translucens @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta babylonica @ BPI (1)

Dendrophoma juglandina @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia scabrida @ BPI (1)

Thyrsidium salicinum @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma salicis @ BPI (2)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000551 wa%201997%20l18%20h045
   
Top | See original context

Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001582 wa%201996%20l39%20h120
   
Top | See original context

Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00003257 wa%201996%20l11%20h025b
   
Top | See original context

Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00003257 wa%201996%20l11%20h025
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SABA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SABA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SABA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SABA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SABA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SABA
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Salix babylonica L.


General Information
Symbol: SABA
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   I
Other Common Names: weeping willow
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix babylonica L. – Weeping willow

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Midwest FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SABA)
Flora of North America (SABA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SABA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SABA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (SABA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SABA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 38, 40 , 41, 42 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

8. Salix babylonica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1017. 1753.

Weeping willow

Stems: branches yellow-brown to red-brown; branchlets sparsely to moderately densely tomentose, especially at nodes. Leaves: stipules absent or rudimentary on early ones; petiole convex to flat or shallowly to deeply grooved adaxially, 7-9 mm, tomentose abaxially; largest medial blade lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or narrowly elliptic, 90-160 × 5-20 mm, 5.5-10.5 times as long as wide, base cuneate, margins flat, spinulose-serrulate or serrulate, apex acuminate, caudate, or acute, surfaces glabrous or sparsely short-silky, hairs straight, dull adaxially; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green. Catkins (flowering just before leaves emerge); staminate 13-35 mm, flowering branchlet 1-6 mm; pistillate densely flowered, stout or subglobose, 9-27 × 2.5-7 mm, flowering branchlet (0-)2-4 mm; floral bract 1.1-1.8 mm, apex acute, rounded, or truncate, entire, abaxially sparsely hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.2-0.6 mm, adaxial nectary oblong or ovate, 0.4-0.7 mm, nectaries distinct or connate and cup-shaped; filaments distinct, hairy on proximal 1/2 or basally; anthers (sometimes reddish turning yellow), ellipsoid or globose. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, square, ovate, or obovate, 0.4-0.8 mm; ovary ovoid or obturbinate, beak (sometimes pilose proximally), slightly bulged below or abruptly tapering to styles; ovules 2-4 per ovary; styles distinct or connate 1/2 their lengths, 0.2-0.3 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, or 2 plump lobes (almost capitate), 0.2-0.3 mm. Capsules 2-2.7 mm. 2 n = 76.

Flowering spring. Around settlements; ca. 50 m; introduced; Ala., Ark., Calif., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Md., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va.; Asia; introduced also in Mexico (Mexico City), South America.

Little is known about the origin of the strongly weeping cultivar of Salix babylonica . It was described by Linnaeus (1737[1738]) based on young garden specimens (W. J. Bean 1970-1988, vol. 4). It is thought to have originated in China, although it no longer occurs in the wild and its origin is uncertain. Selections are thought to have been transported to Europe along the trade route from China. In Tajikistan, there are three cultivated clones, one of which is staminate (A. K. Skvortsov 1999). Taxonomic treatments of S. babylonica are variable. Some botanists recognize a single species, including both pendulous and non-pendulous forms (Skvortsov), while others recognize four species: S. babylonica , with a weeping habit, S. capitata Y. L. Chou & Skvortsov, S. pseudolasiogyne H. Léveillé, and the commonly cultivated S. matsudana Koidzumi (Fang Z. F. et al. 1999), with an erect or spreading habit. Here, S. babylonica is treated in a narrow sense, including only weeping forms.

Salix babylonica is not cold tolerant and is not commonly grown in Europe (R. D. Meikle 1984) or in northern North America. In the flora area, cultivated trees with strongly pendulous branches and branchlets have been identified as S. babylonica (G. W. Argus 1985, 1986, 1993), but many are hybrids with S. alba ( S . × sepulcralis ) or S. euxina ( S . × pendulina ). Salix × sepulcralis , especially nothovar. chrysocoma , with bright yellow branchlets, is the most commonly grown of these hybrids. All reported occurrences of S. babylonica need verification.

Hybrids:

Salix ×sepulcralis Simonkai: Weeping willow, S. alba × S. babylonica , is introduced from Europe and widely naturalized throughout the world. Synonyms include S. × salamonii Carrière ex Henry and S . × sepulcralis nothovar. chrysocoma (Dode) Meikle. It is characterized by: trees, to 12 m, stems pendulous; branches somewhat to highly brittle at base, yellowish, yellow-green, or yellow-brown; branchlets yellowish, yellow-green, or golden; stipules rudimentary or foliaceous on late leaves; petiole not glandular or with pairs or clusters of spherical glands distally or scattered throughout, short-silky adaxially; largest medial blade amphistomatous or hemiamphistomatous, narrowly elliptic to very narrowly so, margins finely serrulate or spinulose-serrulate, abaxial surface glaucous, adaxial glaucous, sparsely long-silky to glabrescent, hairs white or white and ferruginous, adaxial surface slightly glossy; catkins on distinct flowering branchlet 3-14 mm; staminate moderately densely flowered, slender, 23-53 × 3-9 mm; pistillate moderately densely to loosely flowered, slender to stout, 18-30 × 3-8 mm, flowering branchlet 3-14 mm; pistillate bracts persistent after flowering; staminate abaxial and adaxial nectaries distinct; stamens 2; anthers 0.5-0.8 mm; pistillate nectary longer than stipe; stipe 0-0.2 mm; ovaries gradually tapering to styles; ovules 4 per ovary; styles 0.15-2 mm; capsules 1-2 mm. In the flora area, it occurs in: British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec; Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The most commonly cultivated, and sometimes escaped, weeping willow with golden or yellow-green branchlets is Salix × sepulcralis nothovar. chrysocoma (Dode) Meikle. It probably originated as S. alba var. vitellina × S. babylonica (R. D. Meikle 1984). According to F. S. Santamour Jr. and A. J. McArdle (1988), S. × sepulcralis cv. Salamonii has a broadly pyramidal crown and is only slightly pendulous. It is not clear just how this cultivar differs from S . × pendulina . For a discussion of the taxonomy of these and other weeping willows see J. Chmela (1983).

Salix ×pendulina Wenderoth: Weeping willow, S. babylonica × S. euxina , is introduced from Europe and grown throughout the world. It is characterized by: trees, 2.5-12 m, stems pendulous; branches highly brittle at base, yellow-brown, gray-brown, or red-brown; branchlets yellowish to brownish; stipules foliaceous on late leaves; petioles glabrous, pilose, or velvety to glabrescent adaxially; largest medial blade amphistomatous or hypostomatous, very narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, or linear, margins serrulate, irregularly so, or spinulose-serrulate, abaxial surface glaucous, adaxial slightly glossy or dull; catkins on distinct flowering branchlet, 3-14 mm; staminate loosely flowered, stout, 16-34 × 7-11 mm; pistillate densely or moderately densely flowered, slender or stout, 20-36 × 3.5-11 mm; pistillate bract persistent after flowering; staminate abaxial and adaxial nectaries connate and shallowly cup-shaped; stamens 2; anthers 0.5-0.6 mm; pistillate nectary longer than stipe; stipe 0 mm; styles 0.2-0.6 mm; ovules 4-8 per ovary; capsules 1.8-3.5 mm. In the flora area, it occurs in: Ontario; California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia.

Reports of this hybrid in British Columbia and California are undocumented. Plants of Salix ×pendulina with prominent, caudate stipules are var. blanda (Andersson) Meikle; those with ovaries with patchy or streaky hairiness are var. elegantissima (K. Koch) Meikle.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+babylonica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+babylonica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 16
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix babylonica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
Weeping Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0703 [detail]
© 2001 Tony Morosco

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 4444 4444 1110 0236 [detail]
© 2010 Moorea Biocode

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 4444 4444 1110 0237 [detail]
© 2010 Moorea Biocode

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
Weeping Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0815 4048 [detail]
© 2015 Jean Pawek

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1641 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1642 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1643 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
Weeping Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0916 1608 [detail]
© 2016 Ron Vanderhoff

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1340 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1341 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 0217 1342 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
Weeping Willow
ID: 0000 0000 0917 1688 [detail]
© 2017 Jean Pawek

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 1018 1435 [detail]
© 2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 1018 1436 [detail]
© 2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 1018 1437 [detail]
© 2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Salix babylonica
Salix babylonica
ID: 0000 0000 1018 1438 [detail]
© 2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-08-23 21:56:10 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation