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Salix lucida . Muhl
SHINING WILLOW
Salix lasiandra

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix


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Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta apicalis @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Idiocerus ( @ UKYL_TCN (21)

Kybos incida @ III (1)

Kybos lucidae @ III (8)

Kybos patula @ III (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium egenum @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium salicis @ BPI (2)

Marssonina kriegeriana @ BPI (1)
Elsinoaceae  Sphaceloma murrayae @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Uncinula salicis @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum lucidae @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora miyabeana @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (6)

Melampsora bigelowii @ BPI (9)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (6)

Melampsora vitellinae @ BPI (3)

Melampsora @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Pilophorus neoclavatus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia lucidae @ BPI (1)

Ramularia uredinis @ BPI (1)

Septoria albaniensis @ BPI (6)

Septoria salicicola @ BPI (1)

Septoria salicina @ BPI (8)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus zonatus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (16)
Venturiaceae  Fusicladium saliciperdum @ BPI (1)
_  Darluca filum @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum salicinum @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SALU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SALU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SALU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SALU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Salix lucida Muhl.
shining willow

Image of Salix lucida

General Information
Symbol: SALU
Group: Dicot
Family: Salicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Salix thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 593. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae – Willow family
Genus Salix L. – willow
Species Salix lucida Muhl. – shining willow

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Salix lucida . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Salix lucida</i>
Muhl. ssp. <i>
caudata</i>
(Nutt.) A.E. Murray
Salix lucida ssp. caudata
greenleaf willow Distribution of <i>
Salix lucida</i>
Muhl. ssp. <i>
lasiandra</i>
(Benth.) A.E. Murray
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific willow Distribution of <i>
Salix lucida</i>
Muhl. ssp. <i>
lucida </i>
Salix lucida ssp. lucida
shining willow

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Iowa shining willow Threatened
Maryland shining willow Endangered, Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SALU)
CalPhotos (SALU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SALU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SALU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SALU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SALU)
Related Websites
CA-Encyclopedia of Stanford Trees, Shrubs, and Vines (SALU)
USDI GS NPWRC-Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains (SALU)
United Kingdom-Plants For A Future (SALU)
WI-Shrubs of Wisconsin (Univ. of Wisconsin Green Bay Herbarium) (SALU)
What Tree Is It? (SALU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 36, 37, 39, 42, 43, 45 , 46 , 47, 48, 49 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

13. Salix lucida Muhlenberg, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften. 4: 239, plate 6, fig. 7. 1803.

Shining willow

Pleiarina lucida (Muhlenberg) N. Chao & G. T. Gong; Salix lucida var. angustifolia (Andersson) Andersson; S. lucida var. intonsa Fernald

Shrubs or trees, 4-6 m. Stems: branches flexible to highly brittle at base, yellow-brown, gray-brown, or red-brown, slightly to highly glossy, glabrous or villous to glabrescent; branchlets yellow-brown, gray-brown, or red-brown, glabrous, pilose, densely villous, or velvety, hairs spreading, straight, wavy, or crinkled. Leaves: stipules foliaceous, apex convex to rounded; petiole shallowly to deeply grooved adaxially, 5-13 mm, with clusters of spherical or foliaceous glands distally, glabrous, pilose, or densely villous adaxially; largest medial blade usually hypostomatous or hemiamphistomatous, rarely amphistomatous, lorate, very narrowly elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or lanceolate, (24-)55-133 × 11-43 mm, 2.5-6.2 times as long as wide, base convex or cuneate, margins flat, serrulate, apex acuminate to caudate, abaxial surface usually not glaucous (rarely so), glabrous, pilose, or moderately densely villous or long-silky, hairs appressed or spreading, white and/or ferruginous, straight or wavy, (coarse, caducous), adaxial (secondary veins flat or protruding), slightly or highly glossy, glabrous, pilose, or long-silky, hairs white and/or ferruginous; proximal blade margins entire and glandular-dotted, or serrulate or crenulate; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green, glabrous or densely villous or long-silky abaxially, hairs white and ferruginous. Catkins: staminate 19-69 × 4-14 mm, flowering branchlet 5-23 mm; pistillate (fruiting in summer), moderately densely to loosely flowered, slender to stout, 23-56(-70 in fruit) × 8-12 mm, flowering branchlet 8-25 mm; floral bract 1.5-3 mm, apex convex or rounded, entire or toothed, abaxially sparsely hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.5-1.1 mm, adaxial nectary square or ovate, 0.3-0.9 mm, nectaries connate and cup-shaped; stamens 3-6; filaments distinct, hairy on proximal 1/2 or basally; anthers ellipsoid, shortly cylindrical, obovoid, or globose, 0.6-0.8 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary square or ovate, (swollen), 0.2-0.5 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 0.5-2 mm; ovary pyriform, beak slightly bulged below or gradually tapering to styles; ovules 18-24 per ovary; styles connate or distinct 1/2 their lengths, 0.5-0.8 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, broadly cylindrical, or 2 plump lobes, 0.24-0.31-0.42 mm. Capsules 5-7 mm. 2 n = 76.

Flowering early May-mid Jul. Sandy or gravelly floodplains, lake margins, sedge meadows, vernal pools, alvars, open fens, marl bogs, treed bogs; 0-600 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The Virginia plants of Salix lucida are introduced (G. W. Argus 1986).

The Salix lucida complex is a group of three weakly delimited taxa, S. lasiandra var. caudata, S. lasiandra var. lasiandra , and S. lucida . The morphological characters used to separate them (leaves amphistomatous or hypostomatous and blades glaucous abaxially or not) are usually geographically correlated, but there are exceptions. G. W. Argus (1986b) proposed, based on principal components analysis of morphological data, to treat them as a single species consisting of three subspecies. The geographic overlap of the northeastern S. lucida and the western S. lasiandra is a relatively small area in central Saskatchewan. Evidence of intergradation was based on cultivation of a plant that, in the wild, had leaves that were not glaucous abaxially but were glaucous in cultivation. It seems best to treat them as two species, S. lucida and S. lasiandra , the latter with two varieties, var. lasiandra and var. caudata .

Hybrids:

Salix lucida forms natural hybrids with S. alba and S. nigra. Hybrids with S. serissima have been reported (M. L. Fernald 1950) but no convincing specimens have been seen. Attempts to hybridize S. lucida with members of subg. Protitea ( S. amygdaloides ), subg. Longifoliae ( S. interior ), and subg. Vetrix ( S. discolor, S. eriocephala , and S. petiolaris ) were unsuccessful (A. Mosseler 1990).

Salix lucida × S. nigra ( S. × schneideri B. Boivin) seems to be a rare intersubgeneric hybrid between tetraploid S. lucida and diploid S. nigra . It is known only from the type specimen, an infertile plant, growing with both parents. It resembles S. lucida in bud-scale margins connate, in petiolar glands stalked or foliaceous, and in leaf shape, and S. nigra in stipules rudimentary on proximal leaves and sometimes even on early leaves, stipule apex acute, pistillate catkins relatively long and slender, and styles relatively short.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 12
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix lucida%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix lucida
Salix lucida
Pacific Willow
ID: 1335 3153 0666 0109 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Salix lucida caudata
Salix lucida caudata
Narrowleaf Willow
ID: 2222 0703 0006 0003 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0544 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0545 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0546 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 4355 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2277 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2278 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2279 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 0809 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1890 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1891 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+ssp.+lasiandra&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+ssp.+lasiandra&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0544 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0545 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0546 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific Willow
ID: 0000 1111 2222 4355 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+caudata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+caudata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix lucida caudata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix lucida caudata
Salix lucida caudata
Narrowleaf Willow
ID: 2222 0703 0006 0003 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+var.+caudata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salix+lucida+var.+caudata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salix lucida var. caudata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2277 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2278 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0614 2279 [detail]
© 2014 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 0809 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1890 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Salix lucida var. caudata
Salix lucida var. caudata
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1891 [detail]
© 2015 Trent M. Draper

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-10-19 12:22:31 gmt
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