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Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
Sassafras

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lauraceae   Sassafras

Sassafras albidum, Sassafras
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras

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Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras

Sassafras albidum, Bark
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Sassafras albidum, Bark
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sassafras albidum

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Sassafras albidum, leaf
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Sassafras albidum, leaf
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Sassafras albidum, leaf
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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gracilis @ BPI (4)

Pestalotia guepinii @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia sassafras @ BPI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia sassafras @ BPI (2)

Diplodia subcuticularis @ BPI (1)

Microdiplodia laurina @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta sassafras @ BPI (17)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ 366677B (1); BPI (1); 366677A (1)

Sphaeropsis punctata @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis sassafras @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca hama @ III (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura aesculi @ III (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (1)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (1)

Eratoneura bifida @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (3)

Eratoneura certa @ III (18)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura dira @ III (1)

Eratoneura flexibilis @ III (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (1)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura manus @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura uncinata @ III (2)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (1)

Erythridula hamata @ III (1)

Erythridula kanza @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula ulmalatae @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura bistrata @ III (1)

Erythroneura diva @ III (1)

Erythroneura fraxa @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (2)

Erythroneura vaga @ III (1)

Graphocephala coccinea @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Graphocephala fennahi @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Graphocephala teliformis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hymetta kansasensis @ III (1)

Hymetta trifasciata @ III (1)

Macropsis trimaculatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Typhlocyba @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Derbidae  Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium affine @ BPI (4)

Gloeosporium officinale @ BPI (9)

Gloeosporium sassafras @ BPI (9)

Gloeosporium @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (2)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hemiberlesia diffinis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)
Flatidae  Ormenoides venusta @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum sassafras @ 399409B (1); 399408A (1); 399410B (1); 399410A (1); 399409A (1); 399408B (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Discula sassafras @ BPI (1)

Ophiognomonia sassafras @ BPI (5)
Miridae  Hyaliodes vitripennis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (2)

Nectria @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (1)

Peniophora velutina @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes salicinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Perenniporia ohiensis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Cristulariella pyramidalis @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora sassafras @ BPI (2)

Cytospora tumulosa @ BPI (1)

Leucostoma @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon illitum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon mediterraneum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon microplacum @ BPI (10)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon sassafras @ BPI (5)

Rosellinia @ BPI (1)

Whalleya microplaca @ BPI (1)
_  Hypochnus rubiginosus @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus subvinosus @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia mali @ BPI (1)

Monochaetia @ BPI (2)

Myxosporium minutum @ BPI (1)

Septonema epilomeum @ BPI (1)

Septonema spilomeum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/sassafras/albidum.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/salbidum.htm

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SAAL5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAAL5
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Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
sassafras

Image of Sassafras albidum

General Information
Symbol: SAAL5
Group: Dicot
Family: Lauraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sassafras thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, LA, East Baton Rouge Parish, Baton Rouge, Hilltop Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. 1959. Usage Requirements .

W.H. Shaffer. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington, Soldiers Home. 1936. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Suzanne Foster. Provided by USDA Forest Service . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 134. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LAAL5 Laurus albidus Nutt.
LASA6 Laurus sassafras L.
SAALM2 Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees var. molle (Raf.) Fernald
SAOF5 Sassafras officinale Nees & Eberm.
SASA17 Sassafras sassafras (L.) Karst., nom. inval.
SAVA7 Sassafras variifolium (Salisb.) Kuntze

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
Family Lauraceae – Laurel family
Genus Sassafras Nees & Eberm. – sassafras
Species Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees – sassafras

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine sassafras Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SAAL5)
CalPhotos (SAAL5)
Flora of North America (SAAL5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LAAL5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LASA6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAAL5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAALM2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAOF5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SASA17)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAVA7)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (SAAL5)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SAAL5)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SAAL5)
Native Plants Network (SAAL5)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SAAL5)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SAAL5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SAAL5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SAAL5)
Related Websites
AL-Trees of Alabama and the Southeast (SAAL5)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (SAAL5)
DE-University of Delaware (SAAL5)
FL-Floridata (SAAL5)
FL-University of Florida Horticulture (USFS Fact Sheet) (SAAL5)
IA-Iowa State University Dendrology (SAAL5)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems and Plant Identification (SAAL5)
MO-Missouri Plants (SAAL5)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (SAAL5)
NC-Poisonous Plants of North Carolina (SAAL5)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (SAAL5)
TX-General Horticulture (TAMU) (SAAL5)
UK-Plants For A Future (SAAL5)
USDA FS Center for Wood Anatomy Research (SAAL5)
USDA FS International Institute of Tropical Forestry (SAAL5)
USDA FS Softwoods of North America (SAAL5)
USDA FS Woody Plant Seed Manual (SAAL5)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (SAAL5)
USDI FWS Bayscapes Conservation Landscaping (SAAL5)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology Fact Sheet (SAAL5)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor
Yarrow Minor Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Lauraceae | Sassafras

1. Sassafras albidum (Nuttall) Nees, Syst. Laur. 490. 1836.

Sassafras, white sassafras, filé, gombo fil

Laurus albida Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 259. 1818; L . sassafras Linnaeus; Sassafras albidum var. molle (Rafinesque) Fernald; S . officinalis T. Nees ex C. H. Ebermaier; S . sassafras (Linnaeus) H. Karsten; S . variifolium (Salisbury) Kuntze

Trees , to 35 m. Twigs pale green with darker olive mottling, terete. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, unlobed or 2-3-lobed (rarely more), 10-16 × 5-10 cm, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences to 5 cm, silky-pubescent; floral bract to 1 cm. Flowers: fragrant (sweet, lemony), glabrous; tepals greenish yellow. Staminate flowers: inner 3 stamens with 2 conspicuously stalked glands near base of filament, filament slender; pistillodes usually absent (sometimes present in terminal flower of inflorescence). Pistillate flowers: staminodes 6; style slender, 2-3 mm; stigma capitate. Drupe ca. 1 cm; pedicel reddish, club-shaped, ± fleshy. 2 n = 48.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Habitat varied, forests, woodlands, fencerows, old fields (sometimes aggressively colonial), and disturbed areas; 0-1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Infraspecific taxa have been based on amount of pubescence of leaves and color of young twigs; these taxa are not recognized here.

Traditionally, "sassafras tea" was prepared by steeping the bark of the roots (D. S. Correll and M. C. Johnston 1970). It was once considered a relatively pleasant drink. Several indigenous populations used sassafras twigs as chewing sticks, and sassafras root is used occasionally in commercial dental poultices. Sassafras root was one of the ingredients of root beer; this use has now been banned.

Safrole ( p -allylyn ethylenediozybenzene) is found as a minor component in many Lauraceae and as the principal component (80%) of sassafras oil. It is suspected of causing contact dermatitis and of being hallucinogenic, especially in large doses; it is also considered to be both carcinogenic and hepatotoxic (W. H. Lewis and M. P. F. Elvin-Lewis 1977).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sassafras+albidum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sassafras+albidum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 14
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sassafras albidum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1523 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Sassafras albidum
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ID: 0000 0000 0608 1524 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Sassafras albidum
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ID: 0000 0000 0710 1500 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1049 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1048 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
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ID: 0000 0000 0814 2904 [detail]
© 2014 Ansel Oommen

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2175 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0593 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0597 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0596 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0595 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0594 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
Sasssafras Flowers
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0592 [detail]
© 2016 Betty Rembert

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras albidum
ID: 0000 0000 0417 0466 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

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