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Schizophyllum commune . Fr
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Schizophyllaceae   Schizophyllum

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

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Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schizophyllum commune

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aceraceae  Acer circinatum @ BPI (1)

Acer macrophyllum @ BPI (2)

Acer pennsylvanicum @ BPI (1)

Acer rubrum @ BPI (5)

Acer saccharinum @ BPI (2)

Acer saccharum @ BPI (18)

Acer sp @ BPI (9)
Agavaceae  Agave sisalana @ BPI (1)

Agave sp @ BPI (1)
Anacardiaceae  Mangifera altissima @ BPI (1)

Mangifera indica @ BPI (14)

Mangifera sp @ BPI (3)

Metopium toxiferum @ BPI (1)

Pistacia mutica @ BPI (1)

Pistacia weinmannifolia @ BPI (1)

Rhus copallina @ BPI (1)

Rhus glabra @ BPI (3)

Rhus osbeckii @ BPI (1)

Rhus sp @ BPI (2)

Rhus toxicodendron @ BPI (1)

Rhus typhina @ BPI (2)

Schinus molle @ BPI (2)

Spondias lutea @ BPI (4)

Spondias mombin @ BPI (1)
Annonaceae  Annona glabra @ BPI (1)

Polyalthia sp @ BPI (1)
Aquifoliaceae  Ilex opaca @ BPI (1)
Araucariaceae  Araucaria bidwillii @ BPI (1)
Arecaceae  Acoelorraphe sp @ BPI (1)

Areca catechu @ BPI (1)

Calamus sp @ BPI (3)

Ceroxylon sp @ BPI (1)

Cocos nucifera @ BPI (6)

Cocos sp @ BPI (1)

Euterpe globosa @ BPI (1)

Sabal palmetto @ BPI (2)

Sabal sp @ BPI (3)

Serenoa serrulata @ BPI (1)

Thrinax parviflora @ BPI (1)

Thrinax sp @ BPI (1)
Asteraceae  Baccharis halimifolia @ BPI (3)

Blumea balsamifera @ BPI (2)
Betulaceae  Alnus incana @ BPI (3)

Alnus oregona @ BPI (1)

Alnus rhombifolia @ BPI (1)

Alnus rubra @ BPI (1)

Alnus sp @ BPI (2)

Betula lenta @ BPI (3)

Betula lutea @ BPI (10)

Betula papyrifera @ BPI (1)

Betula populifolia @ BPI (3)

Betula sp @ BPI (3)

Carpinus caroliniana @ BPI (4)

Carpinus sp @ BPI (2)
Bombacaceae  Ochroma lagopus @ BPI (1)
Burseraceae  Bursera simaruba @ BPI (3)
Combretaceae  Conocarpus erectus @ BPI (1)

Terminalia comintana @ BPI (1)
Convolvulaceae  Ipomoea batatas @ BPI (1)
Cucurbitaceae  Luffa cylindrica @ BPI (1)
Cupressaceae  Thuja occidentalis @ BPI (1)

Thuja sp @ BPI (1)
Dipterocarpaceae  Parashorea plicata @ BPI (1)

Shorea mindanensis @ BPI (1)
Ebenaceae  Diospyros sp @ BPI (1)

Diospyros virginiana @ BPI (1)
Ericaceae  Vaccinium australe @ BPI (1)

Vaccinium pensylvanicum @ BPI (1)
Euphorbiaceae  Aleurites fordii @ BPI (1)

Aleurites moluccana @ BPI (3)

Hevea brasiliensis @ BPI (9)

Hevea sp @ BPI (1)

Jatropha sp @ BPI (1)

Macaranga tanarius @ BPI (1)

Manihot utilissima @ BPI (2)

Poinsettia sp @ BPI (1)

Ricinus communis @ BPI (1)

Sapium luzonicum @ BPI (1)

Sapium merrillianum @ BPI (1)
Fabaceae  Acacia baileyana @ BPI (2)

Acacia farnesiana @ BPI (4)

Acacia koa @ BPI (4)

Acacia sp @ BPI (1)

Albizia julibrissin @ BPI (1)

Albizia procera @ BPI (1)

Albizia sp @ BPI (1)

Bauhinia sp @ BPI (1)

Cassia lindheimeriana @ BPI (1)

Cassia sp @ BPI (2)

Cassia strobilacea @ BPI (1)

Dalbergia sissoo @ BPI (1)

Dichrostachys glomerata @ BPI (1)

Dichrostachys nutans @ BPI (2)

Gleditsia sinensis @ BPI (1)

Gleditsia triacanthos @ BPI (3)

Gliricidia sepium @ BPI (4)

Inga laurina @ BPI (1)

Intsia bijuga @ BPI (1)

Leucaena glauca @ BPI (8)

Lotus sp @ BPI (1)

Prioria copaifera @ BPI (1)

Prosopis vidaliana @ BPI (3)

Pterocarpus indicus @ BPI (3)

Robinia pseudoacacia @ BPI (2)

Samanea saman @ BPI (1)

Tamarindus indica @ BPI (2)

Wisteria sinensis @ BPI (1)
Fagaceae  Castanea dentata @ BPI (5)

Castanea sativa @ BPI (1)

Castanopsis argyrophylla @ BPI (1)

Fagus americana @ BPI (1)

Fagus grandifolia @ BPI (4)

Fagus sp @ BPI (6)

Fagus sylvatica @ BPI (3)

Quercus agrifolia @ BPI (3)

Quercus borealis @ BPI (2)

Quercus cerris @ BPI (1)

Quercus garryana @ BPI (1)

Quercus macrocarpa @ BPI (1)

Quercus montana @ BPI (1)

Quercus palustris @ BPI (1)

Quercus rubra @ BPI (2)

Quercus sp @ BPI (15)
Ficidae  Ficus sp @ BPI (2)
Hippocastanaceae  Aesculus hippocastanum @ BPI (1)

Aesculus sp @ 770219A (1)
Hominidae  Homo sapiens @ BPI (1)
Juglandaceae  Carya alba @ BPI (1)

Carya cordifolia @ BPI (1)

Carya illinoinensis @ BPI (1)

Carya ovata @ BPI (1)

Carya sp @ BPI (3)

Hicoria glabra @ BPI (1)

Hicoria ovata @ BPI (7)

Hicoria pecan @ BPI (3)

Hicoria sp @ BPI (8)

Juglans cinerea @ BPI (3)

Juglans nigra @ BPI (2)

Juglans regia @ BPI (3); 770425A (1); 770426A (1)

Juglans sp @ BPI (6)
Lauraceae  Beilschmiedia tawa @ BPI (1)

Persea americana @ BPI (1)

Persea gratissima @ BPI (2)

Umbellularia californica @ BPI (1)
Lecythidaceae  Barringtonia racemosa @ BPI (1)
Magnoliaceae  Liriodendron sp @ BPI (2)

Liriodendron tulipifera @ BPI (1)

Magnolia glauca @ BPI (1)
Malvaceae  Gossypium sp @ BPI (2)
Meliaceae  Swietenia sp @ BPI (1)
Moraceae  Castilla elastica @ BPI (1)

Ficus carica @ BPI (1)

Ficus nota @ BPI (1)

Ficus ulmifolia @ BPI (1)

Morus alba @ BPI (1)
Musaceae  Musa ×sapientum @ BPI (1)
Myrtaceae  Eucalyptus globulus @ BPI (1)

Eucalyptus sp @ BPI (4)
Nyssaceae  Nyssa sp @ BPI (1)

Nyssa sylvatica @ BPI (1)
Oleaceae  Fraxinus excelsior @ BPI (1)

Fraxinus sp @ BPI (3)
Pandanaceae  Pandanus sp @ BPI (2)

Pandanus utilis @ BPI (1)
Pinaceae  Abies balsamea @ BPI (4)

Abies fraseri @ BPI (1)

Abies sp @ BPI (1)

Larix europaea @ BPI (2)

Larix leptolepis @ BPI (1)

Picea excelsa @ BPI (1)

Picea rubra @ BPI (3)

Pinus contorta @ BPI (1)

Pinus insignis @ BPI (1)

Pinus oocarpa @ BPI (1)

Pinus resinosa @ BPI (2)

Pinus rigida @ BPI (1)

Pinus sabiniana @ BPI (1)

Pinus sp @ BPI (4)

Pinus strobus @ BPI (6)

Pinus sylvestris @ BPI (2)

Pinus taeda @ BPI (2)

Pseudotsuga taxifolia @ BPI (1)

Tsuga canadensis @ BPI (3)
Poaceae  Bambusa sp @ BPI (6)

Bambusa spinosa @ BPI (5)

Bambusa vulgaris @ BPI (1)

Phyllostachys bambusoides @ BPI (1)

Saccharum officinale @ BPI (27)

Saccharum officinarum @ BPI (4)

Schizostachyum sp @ BPI (1)

Zea mays @ BPI (3)
Polycitoridae  Salix sp @ BPI (4)
Proteaceae  Grevillea robusta @ BPI (1)
Rhamnaceae  Rhamnus alpina @ BPI (1)

Rhamnus frangula @ BPI (1)
Rhizophoraceae  Rhizophora mangle @ BPI (2)
Rosaceae  Armeniaca vulgaris @ BPI (1)

Malus sp @ BPI (1)

Persica sp @ BPI (1)

Prunus armeniaca @ BPI (2)

Prunus cerasus @ BPI (1)

Prunus pensylvanica @ BPI (3)

Prunus persica @ BPI (3)

Prunus serotina @ BPI (3)

Prunus serrulata @ BPI (1)

Prunus sp @ BPI (6)

Pyrus malus @ 770566A (1); BPI (14)

Pyrus sp @ BPI (4)

Sorbus intermedia @ BPI (1)
Rubiaceae  Coffea arabica @ BPI (5)
Rutaceae  Citrus sp @ BPI (5)
Salicaceae  Populus alba @ BPI (1)

Populus balsamifera @ BPI (1)

Populus deltoides @ BPI (1)

Populus fremontii @ BPI (1)

Populus grandidentata @ BPI (1)

Populus sp @ BPI (6)

Populus tremuloides @ BPI (3)

Populus trichocarpa @ BPI (1)

Salix nigra @ BPI (2)
Simaroubaceae  Ailanthus altissima @ BPI (1)

Ailanthus glandulosa @ BPI (8)

Ailanthus sp @ BPI (5)
Sphagnaceae  Sphagnum sp @ BPI (1)
Sterculiaceae  Theobroma sp @ BPI (1)
Tiliaceae  Tilia americana @ BPI (2)

Tilia sp @ BPI (1)
Ulmaceae  Celtis philippinensis @ BPI (2)

Celtis sp @ BPI (1)

Ulmus americana @ BPI (4)

Ulmus glabra @ BPI (1)

Ulmus pumila @ BPI (1)

Ulmus sp @ BPI (4)
Urticaceae  Pipturus arborescens @ BPI (1)
Vitaceae  Vitis sp @ BPI (2)
_  Anisoptera thurifera @ BPI (1)

Caroxylon sp @ BPI (1)

Cyclostemon sp @ BPI (1)

Oleander sp @ BPI (1)

Orchidaceae @ BPI (1)

Palma sp @ BPI (1)

Poinciana gilliesii @ BPI (1)

Poinciana regia @ BPI (1)

Substrate @ 770425B (1); 769954A (1); 770426B (1); BPI (585); 769954B (1)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Hypocreaceae  Hypomyces aurantius @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MushroomObserver.org
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/63

Following modified from MykoWeb
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California Fungi—Schizophyllum commune Schizophyllum commune
(Photo: © Michael Wood)

Schizophyllum commune Fries
Obs. Myc. 1: 103. 1815.

Common Name: split gill

  • Sporocarp

    Fruiting body a leathery, fan-shaped bracket, 1-3.5 cm broad, frequently lobed or fused at the base with other brackets; upper surface densely hairy, light greyish-brown when moist, ashy grey to white when dry; lower surface light grey consisting of well spaced, longitudinally split gills; stipe usually absent; flesh thin, light grey to brown, tough.

  • Spores

    Spores 3-4 x 1-1.5 µm, cylindrical, smooth; spore print white.

  • Habitat

    Scattered to clustered on hardwood logs and branches; fruiting after the fall rains, but can be found year round.

  • Edibility

    Inedible; too small and leathery to be of culinary value.

  • Comments

    This small, ashy-grey bracket looks like a polypore but the lower, hymenial surface consists of gills, the latter unusual in that they are split longitudinally. The genus name Schizophyllum, literally means "split leaves" referring to this character. Fruiting bodies are persistent, shriveling in dry weather, but reviving after rains.

  • References

    Carreño-Ruiz, S.D. & others . (2019). New record of Schizophyllum (Schizophyllaceae) from Mexico and the confirmation of its edibility in the humid tropics. Phytotaxa 413(2): 137-148.
    Cooke, W.B. (1961). The Genus Schizophyllum . Mycologia 53(6): 575-599.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Lindsey, J.P. & Gilbertson, R.L. (1978). Basidiomycetes that Decay Aspen in North America. J. Cramer: Vaduz. 406 p.
    Watling, R. & Gregory, N.M. (1989). British Fungus Flora: Agarics and Boleti. Vol 6. Crepidotaceae and other pleurotoid agarics. Royal Botanic Garden: Edinburgh, Scotland. 157 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Wikipedia: Schizophyllum commune (D & CP)
    • Tom Volk's Fungus of the Month: Schizophyllum commune (D & CP)
    • Arora (1986): p. 590 (D), p. 591 (P)
    • Jordan: p. 128 (D & CP)
    • Lincoff: p. 493 (D), plate 472 (CP)
    • Miller: sp. 86 (D & CP)
    • Phillips: p. 210 (CP), p. 211 (D)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2018 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Fungi  
 Phylum Basidiomycota  
 Class Basidiomycetes  
 Order Agaricales  
 Family Schizophyllaceae  
 Genus Schizophyllum  
  Schizophyllum commune    Fr. 
Provider: Chou, Wen-Neng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Agaricus alneus Agaricus multifidus Apus alneus Daedalea commune Merulius alneus Merulius communis Schizophyllum alneum Schizophyllum alneus Schizophyllum commune multifidum Schizophyllum multifidum   details
Citation: Sawada, K.: Descriptive Catalogue of Formosan Fungi 5: 85, 1931
Name Code: 143336
  
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Schizophyllum+commune&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Schizophyllum+commune&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

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Number of matches : 26
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Schizophyllum commune%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0072 3301 1149 0011 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0072 3301 1149 0012 [detail]
Dr. Robert Thomas and Dorothy B. Orr
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split-gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0080 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0081 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0082 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0085 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0450 [detail]
© 2008 Ron Wolf

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0454 [detail]
© 2008 Ron Wolf

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0083 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 8270 3201 0515 0084 [detail]
© 1999 Saint Mary's College of California

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0308 1125 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0308 1127 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0308 1126 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
ID: 0000 0000 1006 0148 [detail]
© 2006 Miroslav Samardzic

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0308 1124 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 0308 1123 [detail]
© 2008 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0812 [detail]
© 2007 Ron Wolf

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0813 [detail]
© 2007 Ron Wolf

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Common Split-gill
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3154 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1215 0227 [detail]
© 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1215 0228 [detail]
© 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1215 0229 [detail]
© 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1215 0230 [detail]
© 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Schizophyllum commune
Schizophyllum commune
Split Gill
ID: 0000 0000 1215 0231 [detail]
© 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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