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Sinapis arvensis L.
CHARLOCK
Wild Mustard; Brassica sinapis Vis; Brassica sinapistrum Boiss; Sinapis allionii; Brassica arvensis (L) Rabenh non L; Brassica kaber (Dc) LC Wheeler; Brassica sinapis Vis nom illegit; Charlock mustard; Field Mustard; Brassica kaber

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Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Sinapis arvensis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (8)
Andrenidae  Andrena bicolor @ I_JSA (1)

Andrena candida @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena cerasifolii @ UCRC_ENT (13)

Andrena ferrugineicrus @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Andrena flavipes @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Pseudopanurgus parvus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Lipaphis erysimi @ NCSU_ENT (8)
Halictidae  Halictus rubicundus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Lasioglossum paraforbesii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum semicaeruleum @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Miridae  Orthotylus albocostatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UCR_ENT (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (2)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia trabutii @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAR4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAR4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAR4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SIAR4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SIAR4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SIAR4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Sinapis arvensis L.
charlock mustard

Image of Sinapis arvensis

General Information
Symbol: SIAR4
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
SPM   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sinapis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 192. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Sinapis L. – mustard
Species Sinapis arvensis L. – charlock mustard

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Sinapis arvensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Sinapis arvensis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
arvensis </i>
Sinapis arvensis ssp. arvensis
wild mustard

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Sinapis
mustard Noxious weed

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SIAR4)
CalPhotos (SIAR4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SIAR4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SIAR4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SIAR4)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SIAR4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SIAR4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SIAR4)
Related Websites
AZ-Southwest Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse (SIAR4)
Army Corps-Plant Management Information System (SIAR4)
CA-Jepson Flora Project (SIAR4)
IN-Center for New Crops and Plants Products (SIAR4)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (SIAR4)
UK-Plants For A Future (SIAR4)
UK-Skye Flora (SIAR4)
www.weedscience.org (SIAR4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 442, 443 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Sinapis

2. Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 668. 1753.

Charlock, wild mustard

Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst; B. kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler; B. sinapistrum Boissier; Sinapis kaber de Candolle

Plants hirsute, hispid, or glabrous. Stems unbranched or branched, (0.5-)2-10(-21) dm, (often hirsute or hispid, sometimes glabrous, trichomes retrorse or spreading). Basal leaves : (proximal) petiole 1-4(-7) cm; blade obovate, oblong, or lanceolate, (3-)4-18(-25) cm × 15-50(-70) mm, margins lyrate, pinnatifid, or, sometimes, undivided; lobes 1-4 each side, margins of terminal and smaller lateral lobes coarsely toothed, (surfaces sparsely pubescent). Cauline leaves usually shortly petiolate, rarely subsessile; blade margins often not divided, coarsely toothed. Fruiting pedicels ascending or suberect, (2-)3-7 mm. Flowers: sepals (yellow or green), (4.5-)5-6(-7) × 1-1.8 mm; petals bright yellow, (8-)9-12(-17) × (3-)4-6(-7.5) mm; filaments (3-)4-6 mm; anthers 1.2-1.5 mm. Fruits linear, (1.5-)2-4.5(-5.7) cm × (1.5-)2.5-3.5 (-4) mm; valvular segment terete, (0.6-)1.2-3.5(-4.3) cm, (2-)4-8(-12)-seeded per locule; terminal segment (straight or upcurved), conical or subulate, terete, (0.7-) 1-1.6 cm, shorter than valves, seedless or 1-seeded; valves glabrous or pubescent, trichomes of 1 type. Seeds reddish brown to black, (1-)1.5-2 mm diam. 2 n = 18.

Flowering Mar-Oct. Roadsides, waste places, disturbed areas, fields, grain fields, orchards; 0-1800 m; introduced; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Eurasia; introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America (Argentina), nw, s Africa, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Infraspecific taxa have been recognized in Sinapis arvensis on the basis of minor variation in fruit and basal leaf morphology, but the species is extremely variable, and none of the variants is recognized here.

Sinapis arvensis is one of the most widespread and abundant weeds of cultivated grain fields in North America, causing crop losses and acting as host for viruses and fungi that also attack some cruciferous vegetable crops (G. A. Mulligan and L. G. Bailey 1975; I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1985; R. C. Rollins and Al-Shehbaz 1986). It is generally considered a native of Eurasia and is thought to have been introduced into the New World by European settlers about 400 years ago. Recent archaeological and ethnobotanical studies (H. A. Jacobson et al. 1988) indicate that it (as Brassica kaber ) grew in the northeastern United States as early as 8000 years ago and suggest that it originally had a semi-circumboreal distribution.

SELECTED REFERENCE Mulligan, G. A. and L. G. Bailey. 1975. The biology of Canadian weeds. 8. Sinapis arvensis L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 55: 171-183.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sinapis+arvensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sinapis+arvensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 45
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sinapis arvensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0102 0041 [detail]
© 1983 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0096 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock Mustard
ID: 9092 3191 3543 0112 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0407 0867 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0407 0869 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0206 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0207 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0208 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0209 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0213 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 1342 3162 2708 0084 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 1342 3162 2708 0085 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0272 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0273 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0274 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0275 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0276 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1780 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1782 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1784 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1785 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1786 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1787 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis arvensis
Charlock
ID: 0000 0000 0810 1401 [detail]
© 2010 Neal Kramer

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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