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Solanum dulcamara L.
BITTERSWEET
Climbing nightshade; Blue Bindwing; Fellenwort; Woody Nightshade; Scarlet Berry; Bitter Nightshade

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae   Solanum

Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade

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Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma dulcamarae @ BPI (1)

Phoma herbarum @ BPI (2)

Phoma jaapii @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Bombus affinis @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Bombus bimaculatus @ LACM_ENTB (15)

Bombus griseocollis @ UCMS_ENT (1); LACM_ENTB (1)

Bombus impatiens @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Bombus vagans @ LACM_ENTB (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta perforans @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria dulcamarae @ BPI (8)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe dulcamarae @ BPI (8)

Diaporthe sarothamni @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella lacera @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Stenotus binotatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Ramularia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Septoria dulcamarae @ BPI (12)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria agnita @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Dendryphion toruloides @ BPI (3)
Pythiaceae  Phytophthora infestans @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia filamentosa @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/sdulcamara.htm

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Solanum dulcamara L. Climbing Nightshade
Solanaceae — Nightshade family
Non-native
Solanum dulcamara
May 2001

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Solanum dulcamara L.

Climbing Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara plant2

Family - Solanaceae

Habit - Rhizomatous perennial forb, liana-like.

Stems - Twining and climbing in other vegetation, often woody at the base, to 3 m, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, unarmed.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, entire. Petioles often narrowly winged. Blades 2-6 cm long, simple, ovate to broadly ovate, more or less heart-shaped, or halberd-shaped, tapered to a sharply pointed tip, truncate to cordate at the base, those of at least some of the leaves with 1 or 2 shallow to deep, spreading to somewhat downward-angled lobes at the base, the lobes much smaller than the central blade, the surfaces glabrous or sparsely pubescent along the main veins with short, curved to appressed, 1- or few-celled, nonglandular hairs, some of these sometimes branched.

Solanum dulcamara leaf2 Leaf abaxial.

Solanum dulcamara leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary and terminal cymes or panicles, loose, to 8 cm long, arising opposite the leaf at node. Branches of inflorescence purple, antrorsely pubescent. Pedicels to 7 mm long, purple.

Flowers - Calyces 2.0-2.5 mm long, 5-lobed to above the midpoint, the lobes broadly triangular, the outer surface sparsely short-hairy, the hairs nonglandular. Corollas 4-5 lobed, 6-9 mm long, purple with a pair of yellow or green spots at the base of each lobe, the lobes lanceolate, recurved at full flowering, the inner surface glabrous, the outer surface minutely nonglandular-hairy toward the tip. Anthers 5, 3.5-4.5 mm long, oblong, yellow, lacking a sterile tip, dehiscing by terminal pores. Ovary 2-locular, ovoid, the surface glabrous, the style exserted from the anther ring, glabrous, 7 mm long.

Solanum dulcamara flowers Flowers.

Fruits - Berries 0.8-1.1 cm long, broadly ellipsoid to elliptic-ovoid, lacking granules, the surface glabrous, red, shiny, lacking white flecks. Seeds 2.5-3.0 mm long, broadly ovate to nearly circular in outline, often minutely notched at the attachment point, strongly flattened, unwinged, the surface with a minute network of ridges, often appearing pebbled, orangish brown to brown.

Solanum dulcamara fruits Fruits.

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Bottomland forests, streambanks, roadsides, fence rows, farmyards.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Lookalikes - None.

Other info. - This plant is uncommon in Missouri, so far known from only seven counties. It is far more common in more northern latitudes. prevalent in both the northeastern and northwestern U.S., and ranging into Canada. It is visually attractive but considered a noxious weed in some northern climes. All parts of the plant are toxic, including the fruits which resemble small tomatoes.

Photographs taken at Lake Geneva State Park, Geneva, OH. 8-4-00, and in Marquette, MI., 9-10-03 (DETenaglia); also at Manito Park, Spokane County, WA, 8-24-2012, and Al Sabo Preserve, Kalamazoo County, MI, 7-2-2016 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SODU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SODU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SODU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Solanum dulcamara L.
climbing nightshade

Image of Solanum dulcamara

General Information
Symbol: SODU
Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Vine
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Solanum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Czechoslovakia (Former). Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, NH, Star Island. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Weston. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, NH, Star Island. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. June 3, 2004. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, MA, Plymouth Co., Bridgewater, property at 28 Erbeck Circle, Elevation: 92ft/28m, Latitude: 41.984, Longitude: -70.933. July 26, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, MA, Plymouth Co., Bridgewater, property at 28 Erbeck Circle, Elevation: 92ft/28m, Latitude: 41.984, Longitude: -70.933. July 26, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, MA, Plymouth Co., Bridgewater, property at 28 Erbeck Circle, Elevation: 92ft/28m, Latitude: 41.984, Longitude: -70.933. July 26, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, MA, Plymouth Co., Bridgewater, property at 28 Erbeck Circle, Elevation: 92ft/28m, Latitude: 41.984, Longitude: -70.933. September 2, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 167. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae – Potato family
Genus Solanum L. – nightshade
Species Solanum dulcamara L. – climbing nightshade

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Solanum dulcamara . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Solanum dulcamara</i>
L. var. <i>
dulcamara </i>
Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara
climbing nightshade Distribution of <i>
Solanum dulcamara</i>
L. var. <i>
villosissimum</i>
Desv.
Solanum dulcamara var. villosissimum
climbing nightshade

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut bittersweet nightshade Potentially invasive, banned
U.S. Weed Information
Solanum dulcamara European bittersweet bitter nightshade bittersweet nightshade blue nightshade fellenwort woody nightshade This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SODU)
CalPhotos (SODU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SODU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SODU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SODU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SODU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SODU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SODU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SODU)
Related Websites
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (SODU)
NY-Cornell University: Poisonous Plant Databases (images) (SODU)
Virginia: abstract & image (SODU)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (SODU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+dulcamara&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+dulcamara&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 23
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Solanum dulcamara%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0089 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0088 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0086 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0087 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2464 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2466 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0527 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0528 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0529 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0530 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0531 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0532 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3196 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0965 [detail]
© 2007 Zoya Akulova

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0388 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1821 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1822 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1823 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1824 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Cilimbing Nightshade
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1524 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0614 1826 [detail]
2014 Mary Winter

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade
ID: 0000 0000 1117 1702 [detail]
© 2017 Thayne Tuason

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade
ID: 0000 0000 1117 1703 [detail]
© 2017 Thayne Tuason

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