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Trifolium incarnatum L.
CRIMSON CLOVER
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Trifolium

Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, flowers
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 20
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, flowers

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Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, plants in flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 9
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, plants in flower
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 8
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, flower

Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum

Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum

Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum

Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum

Trifolium incarnatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, plants in flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 3
Trifolium incarnatum, Crimson Clover, plants in flower

Trifolium incarnatum ssp molinerii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Trifolium incarnatum ssp molinerii
Trifolium incarnatum ssp molinerii
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Trifolium incarnatum ssp molinerii

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ I_JP (4)
Cercopidae  Clastoptera xanthocephala @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Cicadellidae  Agallia @ MEMU_ENT (12)

Balclutha @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Dikraneura ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Draeculacephala balli @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Draeculacephala portola @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Draeculacephala septemguttata @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Draeculacephala @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Empoasca ( @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Empoasca bifurcata @ III (1)

Empoasca distracta @ III (1)

Empoasca fabae @ III (3)

Endria inimica @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Exitianus exitiosus @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Graminella nigrifrons @ MEMU_ENT (21)

Macrosteles fascifrons @ MEMU_ENT (10)

Macrosteles quadrilineatus @ UKYL_TCN (1)

Paraphlepsius irroratus @ UKYL_TCN (4)

Paraphlepsius @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Stirellus bicolor @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium @ BPI (1)
Delphacidae  Liburniella ornata @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Sogatella kolophon @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Dothioraceae  Kabatiella caulivora @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe martii @ BPI (5)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (2)

Erysiphe @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Spissistilus festinus @ MEMU_ENT (10)
Miridae  Deraeocoris nebulosus @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Lindbergocapsus geminatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Lygus lineolaris @ AMNH_PBI (2); MEMU_ENT (34)

Polymerus basalis @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Pseudatomoscelis seriatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Spanagonicus albofasciatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora helvola @ BPI (1)

Cercospora medicaginis @ BPI (1)

Cercospora zebrina @ BPI (2)

Mycosphaerella killianii @ BPI (2)

Ramularia @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (2)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus servus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Hymenarcys @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora trifoliorum @ BPI (2)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora trifolii @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium punctulatum @ BPI (1)

Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (1)

Pleospora hyalospora @ BPI (1)
Polystomellaceae  Dothidella trifolii @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces minor @ BPI (1)

Uromyces trifolii-repentis @ BPI (2)

Uromyces trifolii @ BPI (7)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia trifolii @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia trifoliorum @ BPI (3)
_  Polythrincium trifolii @ BPI (22)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Trifolium incarnatum  L.

Crimson Clover

Trifolium incarnatum plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Trifolium incarnatum stem Lower stem.

Trifolium incarnatum stem Upper stem.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Trifolium incarnatum leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Trifolium incarnatum inflorescence

Flowers - No info. yet.

Trifolium incarnatum flowers Flowers close-up.

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Fields, waste ground, cultivated areas.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This striking yet weedy species can be found mainly in the southern half of Missouri. The plant is easy to ID in the field because of its sericeous stems, cylindrical racemes and brilliant red flowers. T. incarnatum was brought to this continent as cattle fodder and to improve soils. The plant has escaped to the wild essentially throughout the U.S. but Steyermark reported that it is less hardy in more northern states.

Photographs taken somewhere in NC., 4-20-03.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRIN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRIN3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRIN3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRIN3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRIN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRIN3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Trifolium incarnatum L.
crimson clover

Image of Trifolium incarnatum

General Information
Symbol: TRIN3
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
HI   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Trifolium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Mendocino Co. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . France, Paris. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Mendocino Co. 1994. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Mendocino Co. 1994. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 355. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
TRINE Trifolium incarnatum L. var. elatius Gibelli & Belli

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Trifolium L. – clover
Species Trifolium incarnatum L. – crimson clover

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Trifolium incarnatum crimson clover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TRIN3)
CalPhotos (TRIN3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRIN3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRINE)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TRIN3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TRIN3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRIN3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TRIN3)
Related Websites
Cover crops database at the UC Davis Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP) (TRIN3)
FAO-Grassland Index (TRIN3)
Forestry Images (TRIN3)
MO-Missouri Plants (TRIN3)
Managing Cover Crops Profitably (Sustainable Agriculture Network) (TRIN3)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (TRIN3)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (TRIN3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow

Sources

Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Trifolium+incarnatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Trifolium+incarnatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 53
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Trifolium incarnatum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0007 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0004 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0006 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0019 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0014 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0013 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0538 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0020 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0009 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 9092 3191 3542 0001 [detail]
Virginia Moore
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0010 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0011 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0005 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0008 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 6249 3022 3909 0012 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2391 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2392 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
Crimson Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2393 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
ID: 1351 3163 4289 0111 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
ID: 0000 0000 0407 2735 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
ID: 0000 0000 0407 2736 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
ID: 0000 0000 0407 2737 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Trifolium incarnatum
Trifolium incarnatum
ID: 0000 0000 0407 2738 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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