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Ulmus procera Salisb.
Ulmus minor auct, non Mill; Ulmus minor subsp procera (Salisb) Franco; Ulmus minor var vulgaris (Aiton) Richens; Ulmus campestris L pp; Ulmus carpinifolia auct non Ruppius ex G Suckow; Ulmus minor auct non Mill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ulmaceae   Ulmus

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca vitis @ III (1)

Kybos virgator @ III (1)
Physaraceae  Physarum mutabile @ BPI (1)
_  Septogloeum ulmicola @ BPI (1)

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Ulmus procera Salisb.
English elm

Image of Ulmus procera

General Information
Symbol: ULPR
Group: Dicot
Family: Ulmaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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Symbol Scientific Name
ULCA Ulmus campestris auct. non L.
ULCA2 Ulmus carpinifolia auct. non Ruppius ex G. Suckow
ULMI Ulmus minor auct. non Mill.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Ulmaceae – Elm family
Genus Ulmus L. – elm
Species Ulmus procera Salisb. – English elm

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

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USDA FS Forest Health Protection (ULPR)
USDA FS-How To Identify And Manage Dutch Elm Disease (ULPR)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ulmaceae | Ulmus

9. Ulmus procera Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton. 391. 1796.

English elm, English cork elm

Trees , to 40 m; crowns open. Bark grayish brown, deeply ridged, flaking. Wood hard. Branches: old-growth branchlets with corky ridges; twigs reddish brown, villous to scabrous, old-growth branchlets with corky ridges. Buds ovoid; scales dark brown, sparsely pubescent, marginally pale-ciliate. Leaves: petiole 3-12 mm, villous to scabrous. Leaf blade broadly lanceolate-elliptic to ovate, (3-)7-10 × (3-)4-6(-10) cm, base strongly oblique, not covering petiole, margins doubly serrate, apex acute to acuminate; surfaces abaxially villous with woolly tufts in vein axils, pale in contrast to adaxial surface, adaxially dark green, glabrous to sparsely scabrous, margins not ciliate. Inflorescences dense clusters of subsessile flowers borne on lateral shoots resembling short racemes, flowers and fruits not pendulous. Flowers: calyx green to reddish purple or tan, shallowly lobed, lobes 5-8, marginally villous; stamens 3-5(-6); anthers dark brown, globose; stigmas white, puberulous, persistent in fruit, slender lobes incurved. Samaras light brown, darker brown to red in area covering seed, orbiculate, about as long as broad, 0.9-1.8 × 0.9-1.6 cm, broadly winged, glabrous except for pubescence along margin of apex, apex shallowly notched. Seeds thickened, not inflated. 2 n = 28.

Flowering early-late spring. Persisting, sometimes naturalizing locally where species has been planted; 0-400 m; introduced; Ont.; Calif., Conn., Ill., Mass., Mo., N.Y., R.I.; native to Europe.

In the absence of carefully documented naturalized populations, the North American distribution of Ulmus procera is very poorly known. It is locally established in British Columbia, Arizona, Louisiana, Maryland, and Michigan. It has been reported from Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Off-shoots from the root systems are often found close to planted trees, forming dense clones, especially in and around urban centers.

Some authors have combined Ulmus minor Miller and U . procera Salisbury. This treatment follows that of Tutin and colleagues (T. G. Tutin et al. 1964-1980, vol. 1, pp. 65-66), in which the species were regarded as separate. Reports of Ulmus minor Miller, in the strict sense, in North America are not confirmed. Hybrids of Ulmus procera and U . glabra are reported from New York (R. S. Mitchell 1988) and may be spreading. Both U . procera and U . glabra are involved in the parentage of Dutch elm, Ulmus × hollandica Pallas.


Melville, R. 1978. On the discrimination of species in hybrid swarms with special reference to Ulmus and the nomenclature of U . minor Mill. and U . carpinifolia Gled. Taxon 27: 345-351. Richens, R. H. 1977. New designations in Ulmus minor Mill. Taxon 26: 582-593.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ulmus+procera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ulmus+procera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ulmus procera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

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Ulmus procera
Ulmus procera
English Elm
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0646 [detail]
© 2011 Phil Pullen

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