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Vinca major L.
GREATER PERIWINKLE
Vinca herbacea auct, non Waldst & Kit; Vinca major subsp hirsuta sensu DC McClint et auct, non (Boiss) Stearn; Vinca major var oxyloba Stearn; Bigleaf periwinkle

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Apocynaceae   Vinca

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Vinca major
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
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Vinca major var major
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 4
Vinca major var major

Vinca major var oxyloba
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vinca major var oxyloba
Vinca major var oxyloba
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Vinca major var oxyloba

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma kalkhoffii @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Brachycaudus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Myzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (1)

Rhopalosiphoninus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Coleomegilla maculata @ I_LB (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis lirella @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia vincae @ BPI (4); 420076B (1); 420076A (1)
Nectriaceae  Gibberella agglomerata @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria demissa @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (1)

Pleospora vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia berkeleyi @ BPI (2)

Puccinia vincae @ BPI (31)
_  Neomyzus circumflexum @ CSCA_TCN (8)

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.ext.vt.edu/departments/envirohort/factsheets/groundcovers/periwin.html

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Vinca major L.

Greater Periwinkle

Vinca major plant

Family - Apocynaceae

Habit - Perennial forb.

Stems - Prostrate, mat forming, to 1.5 m, rooting at nodes, glabrous.

Vinca_major_stem.jpg Stem and node.

Leaves - Opposite, simple, entire, petiolate. Petioles 9-18 mm long. Blades 1.5-7.0 cm long, 0.8-5.5 cm wide, ovate to triangular-ovate, narrowed or slightly tapered to a usually sharply pointed tip, broadly rounded to truncate or shallowly cordate at the base, the smallest leaves with blades sometimes appearing angled at the base, the margins densely but inconspicuously pubescent with short, stiff, somewhat appressed-ascending hairs. Blade surfaces glabrous, often mottled with lighter shades of green.

Vinca_major_leaves.jpg Leaves.

Vinca_major_leaf1.jpg Leaf adaxial.

Vinca_major_leaf2.jpg Leaf abaxial.

Inflorescences - Solitary axial flowers. Peduncles 16-50 mm long.

Vinca_major_inflorescence.jpg Inflorescence.

Flowers - Calyx lobes 9-12 mm, linear, sharply pointed at the tip, glabrous or hairy. Corollas trumpet-shaped, the tube funnelform, 12-20 mm long, blue or bluish lavender, rarely white, hairy on the inner surface near the stamens, the lobes 15-25 mm long, slightly shorter than to longer than the tube, spreading, often somewhat asymmetrical toward the tip. Stamens attached toward the midpoint of the corolla tube, the anthers incurved but free from and positioned above the stigma, narrowly obovate, hairy. Nectar glands 2, positioned on opposite sides of the ovary bases. Style gradually broadened toward the tip, the stigma more or less conical, with a narrow, disclike rim or wing of tissue at the base and minute tufts of hairs at the tip and base.

Vinca_major_calyx2.jpg Calyx.

Vinca_major_corolla.jpg Corolla.

Vinca_major_functional.jpg Functional parts.

Fruits - Rarely produced. Follicles 2-7 cm long, erect or ascending, relatively stout, narrowed or tapered above and below the seed(s), dehiscing longitudinally only with age. Seeds 1(2-5) per fruit, 3-7 mm long, mostly narrowly elliptic-ovate in outline, flattened, with a deep, longitudinal groove, the surface otherwise finely wrinkled, glabrous, dark brown to nearly black.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Old homesites and cemeteries, forests.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Lookalikes - Vinca minor .

Other info. - Since this species rarely produces viable fruits, its presence usually indicates former cultivation. It is less common than its close relative Vinca minor , which it strongly resembles. The two differ in several somewhat subtle aspects. Vinca major has leaves which are rounded rather than tapered at the base, and which have longer petioles (use a large and well-developed leaf for this comparison). The flowers are also larger and the calyx lobes longer and narrower.

The names "vinca" and "periwinkle" have been used indiscriminately to refer to both Vinca spp. and species of Catharanthus , another genus within the Apocynaceae. This ambiguity can cause confusion and is a good illustration of the importance of using scientific nomenclature when communicating the true identity of a plant.

Photographs taken near Labadie, MO, 4-22-2006 and 4-28-2019 (SRTurner).



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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Vinca major L.
bigleaf periwinkle

Image of Vinca major

General Information
Symbol: VIMA
Group: Dicot
Family: Apocynaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Vine
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vinca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, IN. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
VIMAV Vinca major L. var. variegata Loudon

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus Vinca L. – periwinkle
Species Vinca major L. – bigleaf periwinkle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Vinca major bigleaf periwinkle large periwinkle periwinkle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (VIMA)
CalPhotos (VIMA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIMA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIMAV)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (VIMA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (VIMA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (VIMA)
Related Websites
New Zealand Environment Bay of Plenty: abstract & images (VIMA)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (VIMA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vinca+major&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vinca+major&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 55
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vinca major%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 6249 3022 3912 0010 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 6249 3022 3912 0013 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 6249 3022 3912 0009 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 6249 3022 3912 0011 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 6249 3022 3912 0012 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Vinca major
Vinca major
Bigleaf Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0584 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca major
Vinca major
Bigleaf Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0585 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0116 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0114 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0115 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0106 0115 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Vinca major
Vinca major
Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0306 0986 [detail]
© 2006 Luigi Rignanese

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0207 1155 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0207 1157 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0207 1160 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0547 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Vinca major
Vinca major
Vinca
ID: 0000 0000 0616 2500 [detail]
© 2016 Michael O'Brien

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1744 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1745 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0388 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0389 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Vinca major
Vinca major
Greater Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 1208 2529 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1760 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Vinca major
Vinca major
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1761 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

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