Actaea pachypoda Elliot
WHITE BANEBERRY
  Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Actaea

Actaea pachypoda, White Baneberry
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 6
Actaea pachypoda, White Baneberry

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Actaea pachypoda, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 5
Actaea pachypoda, pollen

Actaea pachypoda
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Actaea pachypoda

Actaea pachypoda
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Actaea pachypoda

Actaea pachypoda
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Actaea pachypoda

Actaea pachypoda
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Actaea pachypoda
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IDnature guide
Names
Scientific source:

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Actea pachypoda Ell.

Doll's Eyes

Actea pachypoda plant

Family - Ranunculaceae

Habit - Rhizomatous perennial forb, sometimes with a somewhat woody base.

Stems - To +50cm tall, glabrous, from thick large rhizome, herbaceous, purplish at base.

Actaea pachypoda stem2 Stem and node.

Leaves - Alternate, twice ternately divided, glabrous, petiolate. Ultimate divisions serrate, with shallow lobes. Total leaf length(with petiole) +40cm long, +30cm broad.

Actea pachypoda leaf

Actaea pachypoda leaflet Leaflet abaxial surface.

Inflorescence - Axillary pedunculate raceme with +/-15 flowers, to 10cm long(tall). Peduncle to +15cm, glabrous. Pedicels thick, 1cm long, 1.5mm in diameter, thickened at apex, with antrorse pubescence. Small acuminate bract subtending each pedicel. Peduncle and pedicels enlarging and becoming red in fruit.

Actaea pachypoda inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Petaloid sepals 4-5, white, truncate to 3-notched at apex, 5mm long, 1.5mm broad. Stamens +20. Filaments to 6-7mm long, white, glabrous, slightly expanded(thickened) just below anthers. Anthers pale yellow, .6mm in diameter. Ovary superior, white, glabrous, 3mm long, 2mm broad, urceolate. Placentation parietal. Stigma capitate, 2-lobed.

Actaea pachypoda flower Flower.

Actaea pachypoda flower Flowers, lateral view.

Fruit - A white subglobose berry with +/-5 seeds. Berry with black dot at apex, to 1cm long, with vertical groove.

Actaea pachypoda fruits2 Fruits.

Fruits - Berries, 1 per flower stalk, 5-10 mm long, ellipsoid or spherical, white.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Ravines, rich thick woods, north facing slopes, base of bluffs.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a plant which is equally attractive in flower and in fruit. The species name means "thick foot" and one look at the big rhizome of the plant shows that it is aptly named. The rhizome used to be used, and probably still is, to treat pain and bronchial troubles. However, the plant is generally considered toxic, and some people get violent gastric distress from ingesting it. Contact can also cause skin blisters and irritation.

The plant grows in rich, deeply wooded areas and is a indicator of undisturbed habitat. It is reasonably common in rich areas in the eastern eastern half of the U.S. Missouri is near the western extent of its natural range. The fruits are striking and add nice color to the deep forest floor in the early fall. The color and relative stoutness of the fruit stalks are important characters for differentiation from the closely related A. rubra .

Photographs taken at the Jamerson C. McCormack Conservation Area, Holt County, MO., 5-3-00, and in the red hills of Alabama, 3-25-06 (DETenaglia); also at Faust County Park, St. Louis County, MO, 5-7-2014; and LaBarque Creek Conservation Area, Jefferson County, MO, 8-27-2018 (SRTurner).

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Actaea pachypoda Elliott
white baneberry

Image of Actaea pachypoda

General Information
Symbol: ACPA
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Actaea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 90. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ACAL7 Actaea alba auct. non (L.) Mill.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Actaea L. – baneberry
Species Actaea pachypoda Elliott – white baneberry

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida baneberry Endangered
New York white baneberry Exploitably Vulnerable

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACPA)
CalPhotos (ACPA)
Flora of North America (ACPA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ACAL7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ACPA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ACPA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ACPA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ACPA)
Native Plants Network (ACPA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ACPA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ACPA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ACPA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Actaea

1. Actaea pachypoda Elliott, Sketch. Bot. S. Carolina. 2: 15. 1821.

Doll's-eyes, actée à gros pédicelles

Leaf blade: leaflets abaxially ± glabrous. Inflorescences at anthesis often longer than wide, short-cylindric. Flowers: petals truncate or cleft, often antherlike at apex; stigma sessile, 1.5-2.8 mm diam. during anthesis, as broad as or broader than ovary. Berries white, very rarely red, widely ellipsoid to nearly globose, 6.5-9 mm; pedicel bright red, stout, (0.7-)0.9-2.2(-3) mm diam., ± as thick as axis of raceme. Seeds 3.4-4.5 mm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering spring-early summer. Deciduous forests, less often with pines, junipers, or other conifers; 0-1200 m; N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The "eye" formed by the persistent stigma in Actaea pachypoda is larger than that in A . rubra .

Red- and pink-berried plants have been called Actaea pachypoda forma rubrocarpa (Killip) Fernald or A . ludovicii Boivin. Some of these plants are intermediate in morphology between A . pachypoda and A . rubra ; they may be of hybrid origin. The sterility of fruits in many such plants lends support to this theory (R. S. Mitchell and J. K. Dean 1982).

Actaea pachypoda has been called A . alba (Linnaeus) Miller in some manuals (e.g., H. A. Gleason and A. Cronquist 1991; S. M. Walters et al. 1984+, vol. 3; Great Plains Flora Association 1986). Other authors (e.g., M. L. Fernald 1940; C. S. Keener 1977) have argued that the name A . alba is based on an illustration that is conspecific with the type of the European A . spicata Linnaeus and does not apply to plants here called A . pachypoda .

Native Americans prepared infusions from Actaea pachypoda to use medicinally as a gargle or throat aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).

SELECTED REFERENCES

Fernald, M. L. 1940. What is Actaea alba ? Rhodora 42: 260-265.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Actaea+pachypoda&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Actaea+pachypoda&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 27
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Actaea pachypoda%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Baneberry
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0093 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
White Baneberry
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0387 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
White Baneberry
ID: 1351 3151 0544 0089 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0018 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0019 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0020 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0021 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0022 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0023 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0024 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0025 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0026 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0027 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0028 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0029 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0030 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0031 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0032 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0033 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0034 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0035 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0036 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
Doll's-eyes
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0037 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Actaea pachypoda
Actaea pachypoda
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1129 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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