Allium praecox Brandegee
EARLY ONION
  Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Allium


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Allium praecox Brandegee
early onion

Image of Allium praecox

General Information
Symbol: ALPR2
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Allium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Channel Islands National Park, San Miguel Island. May 5, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Channel Islands National Park, San Miguel Island. May 5, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Channel Islands National Park, San Miguel Island. May 5, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Santa Barbara Co., Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island. April 19, 2008. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Santa Barbara Co., Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island. April 19, 2008. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Allium L. – onion
Species Allium praecox Brandegee – early onion

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Allium
wild onion, wild garlic Noxious weed

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ALPR2)
CalPhotos (ALPR2)
Flora of North America (ALPR2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALPR2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ALPR2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ALPR2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 224, 231, 263 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Allium

65. Allium praecox Brandegee, Zoë. 5: 228. 1906.

Allium hyalinum Curran var. praecox (Brandegee) Jepson

Bulbs 1—3, increase bulbs absent or ± equaling parent bulbs, never appearing as basal cluster, not clustered on stout primary rhizome, ovoid to globose, 1—1.8 × 1—1.7 cm; outer coats enclosing 1 or more bulbs, gray-brown to brown, prominently cellular-reticulate, membranous, cells arranged in ± vertical rows, forming irregular herringbone pattern, transversely elongate, V-shaped, without fibers; inner coats white, cells obscure, ± transversely elongate, contorted. Leaves persistent, withering from tip by anthesis, 2—3, basally sheathing, sheaths not extending much above soil surface; blade solid, flat, broadly channeled, carinate, 20—75 cm × 5—10 mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, solid, terete, 20—60 cm × 2—4 mm. Umbel shattering after seeds mature, each flower deciduous with its pedicel as a unit, erect, loose, 5—40-flowered, hemispheric, bulbils unknown; spathe bracts persistent, 2, 5—7-veined, lanceolate to lance-ovate, ± equal, apex acuminate. Flowers stellate, 6—13 mm; tepals spreading at anthesis, white to pale pink with purple midveins, lance-ovate to ovate, ± equal, becoming papery and connivent over capsule, margins entire, apex acute, obtuse, or emarginate; stamens included; anthers purple and yellow; pollen yellow; ovary crested; processes 3, central, 2-lobed, minute, margins entire; style linear, equaling stamens; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened, unlobed; pedicel 15—40 mm. Seed coat shining; cells minutely roughened. 2n = 14.

Flowering Mar--May. Clay soil on shaded, grassy slopes near coast; 50--800 m; Calif.; Mexico (Baja California).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+praecox&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+praecox&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 31
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Allium praecox%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 1101 0383 [detail]
© 2000 John Game

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0301 0194 [detail]
© 2001 Salvatore Zimmitti

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0300 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0301 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0302 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0303 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0331 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 3333 3333 1007 0201 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 3333 3333 1007 0202 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 1209 1366 [detail]
© 2009 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 1209 1368 [detail]
© 2009 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0210 2140 [detail]
© 2010 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0210 2141 [detail]
© 2010 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0210 2142 [detail]
© 2010 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0411 1170 [detail]
© 2011 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0411 1171 [detail]
© 2011 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
ID: 0000 0000 0411 1221 [detail]
© 2011 Michelle Cloud-Hughes

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0411 1960 [detail]
© 2011 Anna Bennett

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0411 1961 [detail]
© 2011 Anna Bennett

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0021 [detail]
© 2011 Neal Kramer

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0022 [detail]
© 2011 Neal Kramer

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0023 [detail]
© 2011 Neal Kramer

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0313 4263 [detail]
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

Allium praecox
Allium praecox
Early Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0313 4264 [detail]
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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