Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C. Foster
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Iridaceae   Alophia

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Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C. Foster
propeller flower

Image of Alophia drummondii

General Information
Symbol: ALDR2
Group: Monocot
Family: Iridaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
CYDR Cypella drummondii Graham
EUPU6 Eustylis purpurea (Herb.) Engelm. & A. Gray
HEDR5 Herbertia drummondii (Graham) Small
NEPU5 Nemastylis purpurea Herb.
TIPU3 Tigridia purpurea (Herb.) Shinners


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Iridaceae – Iris family
Genus Alophia Herb. – alophia
Species Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C. Foster – propeller flower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU

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Integrated Taxonomic Information System (NEPU5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TIPU3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ALDR2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 396, 398 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Iridaceae | Alophia

1. Alophia drummondii (Graham) R. C. Foster, Contr. Gray Herb. 155: 34. 1945.

Propeller flower

Cypella drummondii Graham, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 20: 190. 1836; Calydorea punctata (Herbert) Baker; Eustylis punctata (Herbert) Ravenna; E. purpurea (Herbert) Engelmann & A. Gray; Gelasine punctata Herbert; Herbertia drummondii (Graham) Small; Nemastylis punctata (Herbert) Hemsley; N. purpurea Herbert; Tigridia buccifera S. Watson; T. purpurea (Herbert) Shinners

Plants 15—45 cm. Bulbs (5—)8—15 mm diam.; tunic dark brown. Stems simple or 2-branched. Leaves 3—6, basal leaves 2—3; blade narrowly lanceolate, ± equaling or slightly exceeding flowers; distalmost cauline blade reduced, often ± bractlike. Rhipidia 2—4-flowered; outer spathe 24—30 mm, inner spathe (30—)35—42 mm. Tepals dark purple; outer broadly ovate, 20—25 × 17—19 mm; inner marked with yellow shortly distal to claw, lanceolate, 16—20 × 10—12 mm; claw spreading, forming shallow cup, dull cream basally, speckled with reddish brown to black, broad; filaments ca. 2 mm wide basally; anthers 6—8 mm; ovary ovoid, 4—5 mm; style branching opposite middle of anthers; pedicel curved at base of ovary. Capsules 15—30 mm. Seeds ovoid, ca. 2.5 × 2 mm. 2n = 28.

Flowering mostly May--Jul(--Sep). Open woodlands, grassy pastures, often sandy soils; Ark., La., Okla., Tex.; Mexico; South America (Guyana).

The name Alophia drummondii has been misapplied to Herbertia lahue by several authors. The two genera have frequently been confused with one another nomenclaturally (P. Goldblatt 1975). They are quite different in both vegetative and floral details.

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Alophia drummondii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Alophia drummondii
Alophia drummondii
Purple Pleat-leaf
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0421 [detail]
© 2007 LTC William E. Ottinger, Ph.D.

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