Anemone caroliniana Walter
Carolina thimbleweed
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Anemone caroliniana, plant and leaf and flower
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Anemone caroliniana, plant and leaf and flower

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Anemone caroliniana, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Anemone caroliniana, pollen

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria anemones @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Plasmopara pygmaea @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia anemones-virginianae @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cohaesa @ BPI (3)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis anemones @ BPI (4)
Uropyxidaceae  Tranzschelia cohaesa @ BPI (5)

Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae @ BPI (12)

Tranzschelia punctata @ BPI (1)

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Anemone caroliniana Walter
Carolina anemone

Image of Anemone caroliniana

General Information
Symbol: ANCA9
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Anemone thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 98. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Anemone L. – anemone
Species Anemone caroliniana Walter – Carolina anemone

Subordinate Taxa

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Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Indiana Carolina anemone Extirpated
Tennessee Carolina anemone Endangered
Wisconsin Carolina anemone Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (ANCA9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ANCA9)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ANCA9)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ANCA9)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ANCA9)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Minor


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Anemone

10. Anemone caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 157. 1788.

Carolina anemone

Aerial shoots 5-35(-60) cm, from tubers with rhizomes near apex, tubers ascending or vertical, rhizomes horizontal or ascending. Basal leaves 1-3(-5), 1-2-ternate; petiole 3-9(-10) cm; terminal leaflet petiolulate, rarely sessile, obtriangular, 2-3-cleft, 1-3 × 0.8-2(-2.5) cm, base narrowly attenuate to strongly and narrowly cuneate, margins serrate, rarely dissected on distal 2/3, apex obtuse to broadly acute, surfaces glabrous; lateral leaflets ±pinnately 1-2(-3)×-lobed or -parted; ultimate lobes 2-10 mm wide. Inflorescences 1-flowered; peduncle proximally glabrous, distally villous; involucral bracts 3, borne below middle of scape at anthesis, 1-tiered, simple, ±similar to basal leaves, obtriangular, 3-cleft, 1-2.5 cm, bases somewhat clasping, connate, margins incised on distal 1/2, apex acuminate, surfaces sparsely pilose; segments 3, broadly linear; lateral segments 1-2×-lobed or -parted; ultimate lobes 1-2.5 mm wide. Flowers: sepals 10-20(-30), white to rose or blue to purple, linear to oblong, (6-)10-20(-22) × 2-5(-7) mm, abaxially sparsely hairy, adaxially glabrous or nearly so; stamens 50-60. Heads of achenes fusiform; pedicel (5-)10-20 cm. Achenes: body ovoid, 1.5-2.5(-3) × ca. 2 mm, not winged, densely woolly; beak straight, 1.3-2 mm, projecting beyond achene indument, proximally tomentose, not plumose. 2 n =16.

Flowering winter-spring (Feb-Apr). Dry prairies, barrens, pastures, meadows, rocky, open woods; 60-700m; Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., La., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., Okla., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Wis.

Anemone caroliniana was recorded from Indiana (Vigo County); it has since been extirpated.

Updated: 2019-12-08 06:19:03 gmt
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