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Anemone virginiana L.
TALL THIMBLEWEED
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Anemone

Anemone virginiana, Tall Thimbleweed
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Anemone virginiana, Tall Thimbleweed

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Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana

Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana

Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana

Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Anemone virginiana

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta ellisiana @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea anemones @ BPI (2)

Dothidea bullata @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (5)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Didymaria didyma @ BPI (1)

Didymaria ungeri @ BPI (2)

Phloeospora anemones @ BPI (4)

Ramularia didyma @ BPI (1)

Septoria anemones @ BPI (5)

Septoria cylindrica @ BPI (1)

Septoria punicea @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Plasmopara pygmaea @ BPI (5)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia anemones-virginianae @ BPI (162)

Puccinia clematidis @ BPI (4)

Puccinia fusca @ BPI (1)

Puccinia magnusiana @ BPI (1)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (4)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (5)

Puccinia solida @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium anemones @ BPI (3)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis anemones @ BPI (6)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ranunculacearum @ BPI (1)

Tranzschelia fusca @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria platypus @ BPI (1)
_  Micropuccinia anemones-virginianae @ BPI (1)

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Following served from University of Wisconsin
   
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Anemone virginiana L. var. virginiana Virginia Anemone
Ranunculaceae — Buttercup family
Native
Anemone virginiana var. virginiana
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
July 2010 Anemone virginiana var. virginiana
Shenandoah National Park, VA
July 2005

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Anemone virginiana  L.

Thimbleweed

Anemone virginiana plant2

Family - Ranunculaceae

Habit - Rhizomatous perennial forb, from stout caudex.

Stems - Erect, to 1 m, purplish near the base, herbaceous, pilose at base (hairs becoming dense and antrorse appressed on peduncles), single from the base.

Leaves - Basal leaves 1-8, long-petiolate, trifoliolate. Petioles often purplish, to 20 cm long, hairy, with a shallow adaxial groove. Leaflets deeply lobed, the ultimate segments 12-26 mm wide, pubescent, rounded with a small sharp point or narrowed to a sharp or blunt point at the tip, the margins toothed.

Anemone virginiana leaves Basal leaves.

Inflorescence - Each stem with 2 or 3 opposite whorls of 3 or 4 involucral bracts, the uppermost involucre positioned 11-42 cm below the flower, the bracts once-compound with 3 leaflets, short-petiolate but otherwise much resembling the basal leaves, the leaflets with stalks 9-64 mm long, lobed or parted and toothed, narrowed or tapered to a sharp point at the tip. Petioles of involucral bracts with a more distinct adaxial groove. Flowers 1-7 per stem on long, hairy peduncles.

Flowers - Sepals 5, petalloid, greenish-white, sericeous abaxially, glabrous adaxially, 1 cm long, 5 mm broad, acute, with expanded margins near the apex. Margins often involute. Petals absent. Stamens numerous. Filaments glabrous, greenish-white, of varying lengths but the longest to 6 mm. Anthers yellow to greenish, 1.5 mm long. Pistils numerous, each with 1 ovule and 1 style. Receptacle cylindrical. Individual carpels green, pubescent at the base.

Anemone virginiana flower Flower.

Anemone virginiana flower2

Fruits - Achenes, borne in cylindrical cluster, this less than twice as long as wide, to 3 cm long, 1 cm in diameter. Achenes obovate in outline, densely pubescent with woolly hairs concealing only the basal half, the beak 1-2 mm long. Receptacle elongated at fruiting.

Anemone virginiana fruit Fruit clusters.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Rocky and dry open woods and prairies, glades, ledges, bluff tops.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout Missouri, as well as most of the eastern half of the U.S. The plant is very easy to ID when in flower or fruit because both are distinctive. A similar species, A. cylindrica , is found in the northwestern quarter of the state. This differs in having fruiting heads more than twice as long as wide, and also a greater number of bracts in the involucre. Missouri specimens of A. virginiana are classified as var. virginiana .

Medicinally, this species has been used as an expectorant, emetic, and astringent. Natives used the caudex in many forms to treat many ailments. Smoke from roasting seeds was used to revive the unconscious by being blown into the nostrils of the patient.

Photographs taken at Alley Springs, MO., 6-3-03 and 6-27-03 (DETenaglia); also at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 6-15-2007 and 6-18-2011, and Weldon Spring Conservation Area, St. Charles County, MO, 6-24-2011 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANVI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ANVI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ANVI3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ANVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ANVI3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Anemone virginiana L.
tall thimbleweed

Image of Anemone virginiana

General Information
Symbol: ANVI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Anemone thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 99. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Anemone L. – anemone
Species Anemone virginiana L. – tall thimbleweed

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Anemone virginiana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Anemone virginiana</i>
L. var. <i>
alba</i>
(Oakes) Alph. Wood
Anemone virginiana var. alba
tall thimbleweed Distribution of <i>
Anemone virginiana</i>
L. var. <i>
cylindroidea</i>
B. Boivin
Anemone virginiana var. cylindroidea
tall thimbleweed Distribution of <i>
Anemone virginiana</i>
L. var. <i>
virginiana </i>
Anemone virginiana var. virginiana
tall thimbleweed

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Rhode Island large anemone Historical

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ANVI3)
CalPhotos (ANVI3)
Flora of North America (ANVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ANVI3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ANVI3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ANVI3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ANVI3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ANVI3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ANVI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Anemone

22. Anemone virginiana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 540. 1753.

Thimbleweed, tall anemone, anémone de Virginie

Aerial shoots 30-100(-110) cm, from caudices, rarely with ascending rhizomes, caudices ascending to vertical. Basal leaves 1-5, ternate; petiole 5-35 cm; terminal leaflet sessile or nearly so, oblanceolate to obovate, 2-9(-12) × 2-5(-7) cm, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margins coarsely serrate and incised on distal 1/2, apex acuminate to narrowly acute, surfaces pilose, more so abaxially; lateral leaflets usually 1-2×-lobed or -parted, occasionally unlobed; ultimate lobes 10-30(-40) mm wide. Inflorescences (1-)3-9-flowered cymes; peduncle villous; primary involucral bracts 3(-5), secondary involucral bracts 2(-3), (1-)2-tiered, ternate, ±similar to basal leaves, bases distinct; terminal leaflet ±sessile, elliptic to oblanceolate, 2-10(-12) cm (2 cm in secondary involucre) × 2-5(-7) cm, bases cuneate, margins coarsely serrate and incised on distal 1/2, apex acuminate to narrowly acute, surfaces pilose, more so abaxially; lateral leaflets unlobed or 1×-lobed or -parted; ultimate lobes 8-25(-35)mm wide. Flowers: sepals usually 5, green, yellow, or red (rarely white or abaxially green to green-yellow and adaxially green or yellow and tinged red), oblong, ovate, or obovate, 6.5-20 × 2.5-10mm, abaxially hairy, adaxially glabrous or nearly so; stamens 50-70. Heads of achenes oblong-ellipsoid, rarely obconic; pedicel 13-25(-30) cm. Achenes: body obovoid, 2-3.7 × 1.5-2mm, not winged, densely woolly; beak curved, 1-1.5mm, puberulous, not plumose.

Varieties 3 (3 in the flora): North America.

See C. S. Keener et al. (1995) for an analysis of infraspecific variation within Anemone virginiana from which the current treatment has been adopted.

Varieties of Anemone virginiana used medicinally by native Americans were not specified; the species was used as an antidiarrheal, an aid for whooping cough, a stimulant, an emetic, a love potion, a remedy for tuberculosis, and a protection against witchcraft medicine (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Anemone+virginiana+var.+alba&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Anemone+virginiana+var.+alba&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Anemone virginiana var. alba%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Anemone virginiana var. alba
Anemone virginiana var. alba
Tall Anemone
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1219 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Anemone+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Anemone+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 28
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Anemone virginiana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0408 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0407 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0166 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0167 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0168 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0169 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0170 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0171 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0172 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0173 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0174 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0175 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0176 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0177 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0178 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0179 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0180 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0181 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0182 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0183 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0184 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0185 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Tall Thimbleweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0186 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Anemone virginiana
Anemone virginiana
Wind-flower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0698 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-11-18 01:09:02 gmt
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