Aquilegia coerulea James
COLORADO BLUE COLUMBINE
  Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Aquilegia

Aquilegia coerulea, Colorado columbine
© Copyright Gail Starr 2011 · 1
Aquilegia coerulea, Colorado columbine

2 thumbnails  •  slide show
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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena thaspii @ RMBL_ENT (1)
Apidae  Bombus occidentalis @ RMBL_ENT (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella coerulea @ BPI (2)
Helotiaceae  Cyathicula cyathoidea @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella coerulea @ BPI (7)

Mycosphaerella fuscata @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia agrostidis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia clematidis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (13)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (4)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis sorosporioides @ BPI (6)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ranunculacearum @ BPI (1)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AQCO ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AQCO
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AQCO ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AQCO
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AQCO ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AQCO
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Aquilegia coerulea James
Colorado blue columbine

Image of Aquilegia coerulea

General Information
Symbol: AQCO
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Aquilegia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, UT, Highway 14, E. of Cedar City. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . New Zealand, Auckland Domain, Glass House. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Denton. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Lewisville. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

C.A. Kutzleb. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CO. 1932. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
AQCA2 Aquilegia caerulea James, orth. var. Colorado blue columbine

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Aquilegia L. – columbine
Species Aquilegia coerulea James – Colorado blue columbine

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Aquilegia coerulea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Aquilegia coerulea</i>
James var. <i>
alpina</i>
A. Nelson
Aquilegia coerulea var. alpina
Colorado alpine columbine Distribution of <i>
Aquilegia coerulea</i>
James var. <i>
coerulea </i>
Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Colorado blue columbine Distribution of <i>
Aquilegia coerulea</i>
James var. <i>
daileyae</i>
Eastw.
Aquilegia coerulea var. daileyae
Dailey's columbine Distribution of <i>
Aquilegia coerulea</i>
James var. <i>
ochroleuca</i>
Hook.
Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
white Colorado columbine Distribution of <i>
Aquilegia coerulea</i>
James var. <i>
pinetorum</i>
(Tidestr.) Payson ex Kearney & Peebles
Aquilegia coerulea var. pinetorum
Colorado blue columbine

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Synonyms

AQCA2   Aquilegia caerulea James, orth. var.

North America
Arid West FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQCA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQCO)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Aquilegia

7. Aquilegia coerulea E. James, Account Exped. Pittsburgh. 2: 15. 1823.

Stems 15-80 cm. Basal leaves (1-)2(-3)×-ternately compound, 9-37 cm, much shorter than stems; leaflets green adaxially, to 13-42(-61) mm, not viscid; primary petiolules (10-)20-70 mm (leaflets not crowded), glabrous or occasionally pilose. Flowers erect; sepals perpendicular to floral axis, white, blue, or sometimes pink, elliptic-ovate to lance-ovate, 26-51 × 8-23 mm, apex obtuse to acute or acuminate; petals: spurs white, blue, or sometimes pink, straight, ± parallel or divergent, 28-72 mm, slender, evenly tapered from base, blades white, oblong or spatulate, 13-28 × 5-14 mm; stamens 13-24 mm. Follicles 20-30 mm; beak 8-12 mm.

Varieties 4 (4 in the flora): w North America, Mexico.

Aquilegia coerulea shows considerable geographic variation in flower color and in size of different floral organs, reflecting adaptation to different pollinators in different parts of its range (R. B. Miller 1981). Four weakly differentiated varieties are recognized.

Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea and A . coerulea var. ochroleuca intergrade to some extent; northwestern populations of var. coerulea often contain individuals with pale flowers, and eastern populations of var. ochroleuca often contain blue-flowered plants.

The Gosivte tribe chewed the seeds of Aquilegia coerulea or used an infusion made from the roots to treat abdominal pains or as a panacea (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Most authors have spelled the epithet "caerulea"; "coerulea" is the original spelling.

Columbine (as Aquilegia caerulea ) is the state flower of Colorado.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Miller, R. B. 1981. Hawkmoths and the geographic patterns of floral variation in Aquilegia caerulea . Evolution 35: 763-774.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea+var.+coerulea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea+var.+coerulea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1744 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1745 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1748 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea var. coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1749 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 44
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia coerulea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0812 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0813 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0814 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1136 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1008 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1137 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0809 0798 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0809 0796 [detail]
© 2009 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 1009 0145 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0148 [detail]
© 2007 Steven Thorsted

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0149 [detail]
© 2007 Steven Thorsted

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0150 [detail]
© 2007 Steven Thorsted

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2631 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2632 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2633 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2634 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2635 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2636 [detail]
© 2013 Jason Matthias Mills

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0913 1102 [detail]
© 2013 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0913 1103 [detail]
© 2013 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0913 1104 [detail]
© 2013 Ron Wolf

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
ID: 0000 0000 1213 1457 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
ID: 0000 0000 1213 1458 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Aquilegia coerulea
Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado Blue Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2016 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea+var.+ochroleuca&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+coerulea+var.+ochroleuca&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
White Colorado Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1750 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
Aquilegia coerulea var. ochroleuca
White Colorado Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0412 1751 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

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Updated: 2019-11-16 23:54:28 gmt
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