Aquilegia formosa . Fisch, ex Dc.
WESTERN COLUMBINE
  Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Aquilegia


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Names
Scientific source:

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Pleotrichophorus pseudoglandulosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora aquilegiae @ 432982A (1); 432982B (1)
Phymatidae  Lophoscutus uhleri @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia agropyri @ BPI (2)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (12)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (4)

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC.
western columbine

Image of Aquilegia formosa

General Information
Symbol: AQFO
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Aquilegia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, El Dorado Co. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, El Dorado Co. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Wilbur D. May Arboretum. June 16, 2003. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NV. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Bernardino Co., Metcalfe Creek. June 23, 1983. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Bernardino Co., Metcalfe Creek. June 23, 1983. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, San Bernardino Co., Metcalfe Creek. June 23, 1983. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Mono Co., Reversed Creek, .2 mile W. of Carson Peak. August 17, 1983. Usage Requirements .

©Mary Clay Stensvold. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AK, S.E. region, Sitka area, Harbor Mountain. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. June 29, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. June 25, 2003. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., garden. May 13, 2010. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., garden. May 13, 2010. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
AQFOC Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. communis B. Boivin
AQFOF2 Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. fosteri S.L. Welsh
AQFOH Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. hypolasia (Greene) Munz
AQFOM Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. megalantha B. Boivin
AQFOP Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. pauciflora (Greene) Boothman
AQFOT Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. truncata (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) M.E. Jones
AQFOW Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. var. wawawensis (Payson) H. St. John
AQFO2 Aquilegia fosteri (S.L. Welsh) S.L. Welsh
AQMO Aquilegia mohavensis Munz
AQSH Aquilegia shockleyi Eastw.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Aquilegia L. – columbine
Species Aquilegia formosa Fisch. ex DC. – western columbine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (AQFO)
CalPhotos (AQFO)
Flora of North America (AQFO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOF2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOH)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOT)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQFOW)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQMO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AQSH)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (AQFO)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (AQFO)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (AQFO)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Aquilegia

16. Aquilegia formosa Fischer ex de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 50. 1824.

Stems (15-)30-100 cm. Basal leaves 2×-ternately compound, 10-40 cm, much shorter than stems; leaflets green adaxially, to 14-68 mm, not viscid (petioles and petiolules viscid in var. hypolasia ); primary petiolules 16-95 mm (leaflets not crowded), glabrous or pilose. Flowers nodding to pendent; sepals perpendicular to floral axis, red, elliptic to lanceolate, 10-26 × 4-9 mm, apex broadly acute to acuminate; petals: spurs red, straight, ± parallel, 13-21 mm, stout, abruptly narrowed near middle, blades yellow, oblong, rounded, or obsolete, 0-6 × 4-6 mm; stamens 12-17 mm. Follicles 15-25(-29) mm; beak 9-12 mm.

Varieties 3 (3 in the flora): North America, Mexico.

The type specimen of Aquilegia formosa var. fosteri S. L. Welsh, described from southwestern Utah, has viscid leaves with short petiolules and crowded leaflets, erect, dark red flowers with slender, evenly tapering spurs, and long (19 mm) stamens. Aside from the red sepals and spurs, it has little in common with A . formosa and its relatives. The crowded leaflets, erect flowers, and evenly tapering spurs are reminiscent of A . scopulorum , and it could be a hybrid involving that species, but it is not clear what the other parent might be. The taxonomy of Aquilegia in southwestern Utah is complex, with six species known and several hybrid combinations apparently formed; satisfactory disposition of this name will require further work in the area.

Native Americans used Aquilegia formosa for various purposes: as a charm to gain the affections of men or to retain wealth and possessions; medicinally, seeds were chewed to alleviate stomach aches, and leaves were chewed or used in infusions to treat coughs, colds, and sore throats (D. E. Moerman 1986, varieties not indicated).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa+ssp.+truncata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa+ssp.+truncata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia formosa ssp. truncata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia formosa ssp. truncata
Aquilegia formosa ssp. truncata
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0629 [detail]
© 2003 Brent Miller

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 199
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia formosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Western Columbine
ID: 8076 3101 2933 0106 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0034 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Red Columbine
ID: 0024 3291 4863 0071 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson California Columbine
ID: 8253 3202 0179 0025 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Red Columbine
ID: 9092 3191 3542 0074 [detail]
Dr. Robert T. and Margaret Orr
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0033 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0026 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson California Columbine
ID: 8253 3202 0179 0026 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0601 0148 [detail]
© 2001 Jeff Abbas

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Sitka Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 1001 0126 [detail]
© 2001 Steven Thorsted

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0035 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 0072 3301 1162 0009 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 1335 3153 0673 0103 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Western Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0803 0036 [detail]
© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Western Columbine
ID: 8076 3101 0669 0012 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Western Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 0502 1255 [detail]
© 2002 Charles E. Jones

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0027 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 8253 3202 4144 0010 [detail]
Albert P. Bekker
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0028 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 1073 3283 1658 0021 [detail]
Benjamin C. Hammett
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0029 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Western Columbine
ID: 8076 3101 2933 0105 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Crimson Columbine
ID: 9092 3191 3542 0019 [detail]
Virginia Moore
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Aquilegia formosa
Aquilegia formosa
Columbine
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0442 [detail]
© 1987 Gary A. Monroe

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   
Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa+x+pubescens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aquilegia+formosa+x+pubescens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aquilegia formosa x pubescens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aquilegia formosa x pubescens
Aquilegia formosa x pubescens
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1946 [detail]
© 2011 Copyright Kelsey Byers (kbyers(at)alum.mit.edu)

Aquilegia formosa x pubescens
Aquilegia formosa x pubescens
ID: 0000 0000 0613 0814 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Steers

Aquilegia formosa X pubescens
Aquilegia formosa X pubescens
ID: 0000 0000 1113 0910 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Aquilegia formosa X pubescens
Aquilegia formosa X pubescens
ID: 0000 0000 1113 0911 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

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