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Aralia racemosa L.
AMERICAN-SPIKENARD
American spikenard

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Araliaceae   Aralia

Aralia racemosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Aralia racemosa

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Aralia racemosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Aralia racemosa

Aralia racemosa, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Aralia racemosa, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (1)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (3)

Bombus centralis @ BBSL (1)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL (5)
Halictidae  Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum argemonis @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum nevadense @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum nigrescens @ BBSL__CORNEL (1); BBSL (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia repens @ BPI (10)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria araliae @ BPI (1)
Sphaerophragmiaceae  Nyssopsora clavellosa @ BPI (1)

Triphragmium clavellosum @ BPI (1)
_  Erinella nylanderi @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Aralia racemosa L. American Spikenard
Araliaceae — Ginseng family
Uncommon native
Aralia racemosa
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
August 2008 Aralia racemosa
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
August 2008 Aralia racemosa
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
August 2008 Aralia racemosa
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
September 2009

Guides to Aralia and Araliaceae of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Aralia racemosa  L.

American Spikenard

Aralia racemosa plant2

Family - Araliaceae

Habit - Taprooted perennial herb, sometimes woody at base.

Stems - Erect to spreading, to 2.4 m, branched, pubescent, unarmed, green to purple.

Aralia racemosa stem2 Stem and node, stipules.

Leaves - Alternate, ternately and then pinnately compound, petiolate, stipulate, usually 2 or more per stem. Petioles to 5 cm. Each pinna with 9-21 leaflets. Leaflets 2-18 cm long, ovate, acuminate, doubly toothed, dull green and short-hairy above, silvery green and short-hairy (mostly on veins) below.

Aralia racemosa leaf Portion of leaf.

Inflorescence - Terminal and axillary panicles or racemes of umbellets, to 20 cm long, the axis hairy. Some inflorescence branches subtended by small linear bracts to 3 mm long. Umbellets with +/-10 flowers. Pedicels to 6 mm long. Umbellets subtended by minute bracts to 2 mm long.

Aralia racemosa buds Young inflorescence.

Flowers - Sepals 5 low, broadly triangular teeth. Petals oblong-elliptic, to 1 mm, white, glabrous, spreading. Stamens 5, alternating with the petals. Filaments white, glabrous, 1.1 mm long. Anthers whitish, 0.5 mm long. Ovary 5-locular, inferior Styles 5, 0.5 mm long, sometimes basally fused. Receptacle closed by an enlarged nectary. Hypanthium pubescent at the base but mostly glabrous, 1.3 mm long, greenish-white.

Aralia racemosa flowers Flowers.

Fruits - Globose drupes, glabrous, to 6 mm in diameter, reddish purple to black, usually with 5 stones. Umbellet maturities usually asynchronous.

Aralia racemosa fruits Infructescence.

Flowering - June - August.

Habitat - Rich wooded slopes, ravines, moist ledges and bluffs.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This interesting species can be found mostly in the western 2/3 of Missouri. In the greater U.S. it is found across the upper Midwest and New England, with a disjunct region in the Southwest (primarily Arizona and New Mexico). It is not highly common, and since it seems to prefer areas difficult to access, such as ravines and bluff faces, it is not frequently encountered. When in flower or fruit the plant is easily recognized by its wide growth habit and striking inflorescences. Each leaf is very large, consisting of three primary branches, each of which is pinnately divided into large leaflets.

The roots of A. racemosa are aromatic and spicy, and have been used medicinally for respiratory ailments, rheumatic fever, syphilis, and skin problems, and are an ingredient in root beer. The plant was used by Native Americans in a fashion similar to that of the closely related wild sarsaparilla ( A. nudicaulis ). The attractive foliage and inflorescences of the species make it a good candidate for a garden ornamental, provided adequate space is available for its large, bushy growth habit.

Photographs taken at Greer Spring, Oregon County, MO., 7-8-01, and in Pictured Rocks National Seashore, MI., 7-25-02 (DETenaglia); also at Taum Sauk State Park, Iron County, MO, 8-23-2009; Rockwoods Reservation, St. Louis County, MO, 9-20-2010, Crawford Estate Conservation Area, Clark County, MO, 7-8-2017; Little Lost Creek Conservation Area, Warren County, MO, 6-6-2018; Lincoln County, 8-8-2018; and LaBarque Creek Conservation Area, Jefferson County, MO, 8-27-2018 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARRA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARRA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARRA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARRA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARRA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARRA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Aralia racemosa L.
American spikenard

Image of Aralia racemosa

General Information
Symbol: ARRA
Group: Dicot
Family: Araliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Aralia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Baltimore. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, WA, Seattle. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 617. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Apiales
Family Araliaceae – Ginseng family
Genus Aralia L. – spikenard
Species Aralia racemosa L. – American spikenard

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Aralia racemosa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Aralia racemosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
bicrenata</i>
(Wooton & Standl.) S.L. Welsh & N.D. Atwood
Aralia racemosa ssp. bicrenata
American spikenard Distribution of <i>
Aralia racemosa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
racemosa </i>
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American spikenard

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Rhode Island spikenard Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ARRA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARRA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ARRA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ARRA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ARRA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ARRA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ARRA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aralia+racemosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aralia+racemosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 26
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aralia racemosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1177 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1178 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1179 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1180 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0409 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0410 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0128 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa
Aralia racemosa
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0130 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0533 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0534 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0535 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0536 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0537 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0538 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0539 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0540 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0541 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0542 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0543 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0544 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0545 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0546 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0547 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0548 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aralia+racemosa+ssp.+racemosa+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Aralia+racemosa+ssp.+racemosa+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0533 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0534 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0535 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0536 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0537 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0538 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0539 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0540 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0541 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0542 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0543 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0544 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0545 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0546 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0547 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0548 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0549 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa
American Spikenard
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0550 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-11-13 12:12:22 gmt
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