Atriplex patula L.
COMMON ORACHE
  Dicotyledoneae   Chenopodiaceae   Atriplex

Atriplex patula, Halberd-leaved Orache
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 3
Atriplex patula, Halberd-leaved Orache

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Atriplex patula
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 1
Atriplex patula

Atriplex patula, Halberd-leaved Orache
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Atriplex patula, Halberd-leaved Orache

Atriplex patula, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Atriplex patula, seed
4 thumbnails  •  slide show
IDnature guide
Names
Scientific source:

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma longissima @ BPI (2)

Phoma picea @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta atriplicis @ BPI (1)
Cladochytriaceae  Cladochytrium pulposum @ BPI (6)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis piceae @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum atriplicinum @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atomoscelis onustus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora dubia @ BPI (21)

Ramularia dubia @ BPI (6)

Rhabdospora atriplicis @ 388273A (1); 388273B (1)

Septoria atriplicis @ BPI (4)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora effusa @ BPI (22)

Peronospora minor @ BPI (10)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma pulposum @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora calvescens @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (2)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia dematium @ BPI (2)
_  Ascochyta atriplicis @ BPI (1)

Leptostromella atriplicis @ 392423A (1); BPI (1); 392423B (1)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ATPA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ATPA4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ATPA4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ATPA4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ATPA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ATPA4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Atriplex patula L.
spear saltbush

Image of Atriplex patula

General Information
Symbol: ATPA4
Group: Dicot
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Other Common Names: spear orach
spear-scale
spreading orache
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Atriplex thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Carole Ritchie. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MI, Bay City, West Bay City. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
ATPAB Atriplex patula L. var. bracteata auct. non Westerlund
ATPAE Atriplex patula L. var. erecta (Huds.) Lange
ATPAJ Atriplex patula L. var. japonica Level.
ATPAP3 Atriplex patula L. var. patula spear oracle

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Chenopodiaceae – Goosefoot family
Genus Atriplex L. – saltbush
Species Atriplex patula L. – spear saltbush

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ATPA4)
CalPhotos (ATPA4)
Flora of North America (ATPA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ATPA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ATPAB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ATPAJ)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ATPA4)
Native Plants Network (ATPA4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ATPA4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 322, 324, 333 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Chenopodiaceae | Atriplex

3. Atriplex patula Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1053. 1753.

Spear orach, spearscale

Atriplex hastata Linnaeus subsp. patula (Linnaeus) S. Pons; A. hastata var. patula (Linnaeus) Farwell; Teutiopsis patula (Linnaeus) Selak

Herbs , monoecious or subdioe-cious, (1.5-)3-9(-15) dm. Stems mostly erect and branched, branches green, obtusely angled or striate, glabrate. Leaves alternate except the proximalmost, petiolate; blade green on both sides, rhombic-lanceolate to lanceolate, oblong, or narrowly lance-oblong or hastate-ovate, 25-120 × 3-40(-75) mm, entire or toothed, proximal ones broadly cuneate or sometimes hastate subbasally with obliquely antrorse basal lobes, distal cauline leaves lanceolate and entire. Flowers compact or interrupted spiciform or paniculiform clusters. Staminate flowers mostly 5-merous. Fruiting bracteoles green becoming black, rhombic to rhombic-triangular, or ovate-rhombic, compressed, ± uniformly sized, 2-7(-20) mm, base mostly hastate, acute, margin united almost to middle, entire or sparingly toothed, surfaces tuberculate. Seeds dimorphic: brown, 2.5-3(-3.5) mm wide, or black, 1-2 mm wide; radicle of brown seeds subbasal to median, antrorse. 2 n = 36.

Flowering summer-fall. Widespread ruderal weed of nonsaline substrates such as fields, gardens, and roadsides; 0-2100 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Calif., Colo., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; n Africa.

Atriplex patula appears to have been a rather recent introduction in North America from Eurasia, not arriving perhaps until sometime in the early to mid-eighteenth century. It simulates depauperate specimens of A. dioica, A. glabriuscula , and other similar species when leaves are reduced to a near-linear profile. Such specimens are difficult if not impossible to assign to any of the species.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Atriplex+patula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Atriplex+patula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 8
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Atriplex patula%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
Halberd-leaf Orache
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0050 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
Spear Orache
ID: 5208 1611 0785 0101 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
Spear Saltbush, Orache
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0051 [detail]
Beatrice F. Howitt
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1257 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1256 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0591 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0863 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Atriplex patula
Atriplex patula
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0864 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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