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Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav. ) Pers.
MULE-FAT
Mule Fat

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Baccharis

Baccharis salicifolia
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Baccharis salicifolia

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Baccharis salicifolia, habitat
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Baccharis salicifolia, habitat

Baccharis salicifolia, leaves
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Baccharis salicifolia, leaves

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes abutiloneus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena candida @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Andrena chlorogaster @ UCRC_ENT (5)

Andrena ferrugineipes @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Perdita baccharidis @ UCRC_ENT (7)

Perdita larreae @ UCRC_ENT (11)

Perdita politissima @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Perdita rhois @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Perdita sphaeralceae @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Uroleucon ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Uroleucon @ AMNH_PBI (9)
Apidae  Bombus melanopygus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Paranomada velutina @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Buprestidae  Acmaeodera @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Chalcididae  Haltichella @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca ophiodera @ III (1)

Limotettix ( @ UCR_ENT (1)

Neokolla ( @ UCR_ENT (4)
Cixiidae  Oecleus snowi @ UCR_ENT (2)
Colletidae  Colletes @ UCRC_ENT (10)

Colletes simulans @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus asininus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Hylaeus polifolii @ UCRC_ENT (5)

Hylaeus wootoni @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Crabronidae  Anacrabro @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Bembix sayi @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Bicyrtes @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Cerceris dilatata @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Cerceris intricata @ UCRC_ENT (7)

Clypeadon @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Oxybelus @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Philanthus gibbosus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Delphacidae  Stobaera concinna @ UCR_ENT (1)
Diaspididae  Hemiberlesia popularum @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon melliventris @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dieunomia nevadensis @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Lasioglossum connexum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum pectoraloides @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Leucospidae  Leucospis birkmani @ UCRC_ENT (4)
Membracidae  Tortistilus albidosparsus @ UCR_ENT (3)
Miridae  Araucanophylus pacificus @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Dacerla alata @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Diaphnidia richardsi @ AMNH_PBI (15)

Oncerometopus @ AMNH_ENT (14)

Poecilocapsus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Polymerus basalis @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Polymerus gracilentus @ AMNH_ENT (6)

Tuxedo flavicollis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Tuxenella similaris @ UNSW_ENT (4)
Perilampidae  Perilampus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus madeirensis @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Spilococcus atriplicis @ CSCA_TCN (4)
Pteromalidae  Lyrcus @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia baccharidis @ BPI (4)

Puccinia evadens @ BPI (3)

Puccinia @ BPI (1)
Ripiphoridae  Macrosiagon @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Tingidae  Corythucha morrilli @ UCR_ENT (1)

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Baccharis salicifolia (Ruíz Lopez & Pavón) Pers. ssp. salicifolia

Mulefat
Asteraceae (Sunflower Family)



 

Mulefat is an erect, woody, willowlike perennial shrub growing to 12' high with stems that are simple to branched and glabrous to minutely puberulent, often sticky, and branches that are longitudinally grooved.  The leaves are alternate, lance-linear, entire to toothed, acuminate-tipped, and 1-3-veined with the midrib more prominent than the lateral ones.  The leaves can be 6" long and are on short petioles.  The flower heads are disciform and are arranged in compact terminal clusters at the ends of the branches. Baccharis is a dioecious genus, so there are both staminate and pistillate heads but they are on separate plants.  The first two pictures show the male flowers and the second two show the female flowers.  The involucres of both are hemispheric, white, and roughly 3/16" high, with imbricated phyllaries in 4-5 series, ovate to lanceolate in shape, somewhat papery or scarious in texture, glabrous and ± tinged red.  Mulefat is mostly found below 3500' along stream banks and in dry stream beds in coastal sage scrub and chaparral.  It ranges from Baja to central California and from the coast to the deserts, and blooms most of the year but principally from April to October.  It used to be named B. glutinosa , referring to the glutinous character of the leaves, but in the more recent Jepson Manual it is listed as B. salicifolia , which is a reference to its willow-like appearance.

Click here for Latin name derivations: 1) Baccharis 2) salicifolia .
Pronunciation: BAK-ar-is sa-lis-i-FO-lee-a .
Click here for Botanical Term Meanings .

 






SPECIES INDEX


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BASA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BASA4
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Baccharis

14. Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pavón) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 425. 1807.

Mule's or mule fat, seepwillow, water wally

Molina salicifolia Ruiz & Pavón, Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil., 210. 1798; Baccharis glutinosa Persoon; B. viminea de Candolle; B. viminea var. atwoodii S. L. Welsh

Shrubs, 30—400 cm (stems cluster-ed). Stems spreading to ascending, green to tan, simple proximally, sparingly branched distally, striate-angled, glabrous or minutely hairy, resinous and ± resin-varnished. Leaves present at flowering (abundant, well developed); sessile or petiolate; blades lanceolate-elliptic, slightly falcate (willowlike), 30—150 × 3—20 mm, bases attenuate , margins usually finely serrate from bases to apices, sometimes entire, apices acute to acuminate, faces glabrous, gland-dotted, ± resinous. Heads in terminal, compound corymbiform arrays (often involving distal branches). Involucres hemispheric; staminate 3—6 mm, pistillate involucres 3—6 mm. Phyllaries ovate to lanceolate, 2—4 mm, margins scarious, erose or irregularly dentate, midribs distinct, medians green or reddish, apices (greenish or brownish purple) obtuse to acuminate (pale and dry, glabrous). Staminate florets (10—)17—48; corollas 4—6 mm. Pistillate florets 50—150; corollas 2—3.5 mm. Cypselae 0.8—1.5 mm, 5-nerved, glabrous; pappi 3—6 mm. 2 n = 18, 36.

Flowering (Jan—)Mar—Oct. Stream banks, dry washes, sandy flood plains, riparian woodlands, disturbed sites, ditches; 30—2400 m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Nev., N.Mex., Tex., Utah; Mexico; South America.

Baccharis salicifolia is part of a complex that extends through the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America to Argentina and Chile (J. Cuatrecasas 1968). It is recognized by the narrowly lanceolate, willowlike, finely serrate leaves with acute or acuminate apices, smallish heads in dense clusters, reddish phyllaries, and 5-nerved cypselae. By tagging and measuring individual plants throughout the year, D. H. Wilken (1972) demonstrated that B. salicifolia has distinct seasonal forms. The North American plants were once known as B. glutinosa or B. viminea , which were differentiated from each other by differences in woodiness, leaf size and serration, and flowering time.

SELECTED REFERENCE

Wilken, D. H. 1972. Seasonal dimorphism in Baccharis glutinosa (Compositae). Madroño 21: 113—119.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Baccharis+salicifolia+ssp.+salicifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Baccharis+salicifolia+ssp.+salicifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 46
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 1111 1568 [detail]
© 2011 Barry Breckling

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2197 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2198 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2199 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2200 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2201 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2202 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2203 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2204 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2205 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2206 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2207 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2208 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2209 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2210 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2211 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2212 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2213 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2214 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2215 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2216 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0813 2217 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 1013 0323 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia ssp. salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 1013 0324 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Baccharis+salicifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Baccharis+salicifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 138
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Baccharis salicifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 8120 3181 4569 0029 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0104 0768 [detail]
© 2004 James M. Andre

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 5208 1611 0226 0027 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 8120 3181 4897 0092 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 5208 1611 0226 0028 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0104 1050 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Daniel L. Geiger

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 8120 3181 4567 0126 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule Fat
ID: 0000 0000 1200 0286 [detail]
© 1979 Lee Dittmann

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0407 2104 [detail]
© 2007 Lynn Watson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 5208 1611 0226 0025 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 5208 1611 0226 0026 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0104 1049 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Daniel L. Geiger

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0248 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0249 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0250 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0251 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0252 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0967 [detail]
© 2007 Richard Zmasek

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0731 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat
ID: 0000 0000 1008 0987 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1553 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1554 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1555 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Baccharis salicifolia
Baccharis salicifolia
Mule-fat
ID: 0000 0000 1208 1556 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2019-10-14 13:37:37 gmt
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