Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch.
WINTERCRESS
Early Wintercress; Barbarea praecox Sm WTAiton; Erysimum praecox Sm; Erysimum vernum Mill; American Winter-cress; Early yellowrocket
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Barbarea

http://stri.discoverlife.org/nh/id/20q/Wildflowers.xml ---> https://stri.discoverlife.org/nh/id/20q/Wildflowers.xml
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to stri.discoverlife.org:443 https://stri.discoverlife.org/nh/id/20q/Wildflowers.xml

Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Barbarea verna, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Barbarea verna, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, stem - showing leaf bases

Barbarea verna, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Barbarea verna, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, leaf - on upper stem

Barbarea verna, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, fruit - juvenile
Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view
Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, whole plant - in flower - general view

Barbarea verna, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Barbarea verna, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Barbarea verna, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, fruit - as borne on the plant
Barbarea verna, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea verna, stem - showing leaf bases

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora barbareae @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Barbarea verna (P. Mill.) Aschers. Early Yellow-rocket
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Barbarea verna
Abbott's Mill
April 2003

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVE
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Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch.
early yellowrocket

Image of Barbarea verna

General Information
Symbol: BAVE
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Barbarea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, TN, Mission Ridge. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BAPR2 Barbarea praecox (Sm.) R. Br.
CAVE15 Campe verna (Mill.) A. Heller
ERVE7 Erysimum vernum Mill.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Barbarea W.T. Aiton – yellowrocket
Species Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch. – early yellowrocket

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BAVE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAPR2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAVE15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ERVE7)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BAVE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BAVE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BAVE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 460, 461, 463 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Barbarea

4. Barbarea verna (Miller) Ascherson, Fl. Brandenb. 1: 36. 1860.

Early winter or Belle Isle or American or land cress, scurvygrass

Erysimum vernum Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Erysimum no. 3. 1768; Barbarea praecox (Smith) R. Brown; Campe verna (Miller) A. Heller; E. praecox Smith

Biennials or, rarely, perennials; mostly glabrous, except blade auricles ciliate. Stems (1-)2.5-8 dm. Basal leaves: petiole (0.5-) 1-6(-8) cm; blade pinnatifid to pinnatisect, 1.5-11 cm, lobes (3-)6-10 on each side, lateral lobes oblong or ovate, 0.4-3 cm × 1-10 mm, not fleshy, margins entire, terminal lobe considerably larger than lateral ones, 1-5 cm × 10-350 mm. Cauline leaves: blade pinnatisect, lateral lobes 1-4, (oblong to lanceolate), margins often entire, rarely coarsely toothed; conspicuously auriculate, auricles ovate or narrowly oblong, (to 10 × 4 mm, margins entire). Fruiting pedicels divaricate to ascending, (2-)3-6(-7) mm, terete, stout (almost as broad as fruit). Flowers: sepals 3-5 × 0.7-1.5 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally, margins scarious; petals yellow or pale yellow, oblanceolate to spatulate, (5-)6-7(-8.5) × 1.5-3 mm, base cuneate, apex truncate or emarginate; filaments 3-5 mm; anthers 0.8-1.2 mm; ovules (34-)38-48(-52) per ovary; gynophore to 0.3 mm. Fruits erect to ascending, not appressed to rachis, torulose, subterete to slightly latiseptate, (4.5-)5.3-7(-8) cm × 1.5-2 mm; style stout, 0.2-1(-2) mm. Seeds dark brown, somewhat plump, oblong or quadrate, 1.8-2.5 × 1.4-1.6 mm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Mar-Jul. Waste grounds, fields, limestone glades, rocky outcrops, fields, railroad embankments, disturbed sites, roadsides; 0-1600 m; introduced; B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.); Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., Wash., W.Va.; Europe; Asia; n, s Africa; introduced also in Mexico, South America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile), Australia.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Barbarea+verna&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Barbarea+verna&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Barbarea verna%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Barbarea verna
Barbarea verna
American Winter-cress
ID: 0000 0000 0409 1001 [detail]
© 2009 Phil Pullen

Barbarea verna
Barbarea verna
American Winter-cress
ID: 0000 0000 0409 1002 [detail]
© 2009 Phil Pullen

Barbarea verna
Barbarea verna
Early Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0111 0666 [detail]
© 2011 Ryan Batten

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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