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Berberis canadensis Mill.
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Berberidaceae   Berberis

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Liosomaphis berberidis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria berberidis @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium berberidis @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia graminis @ BPI (11)

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Berberis canadensis Mill.
American barberry

Image of Berberis canadensis

General Information
Symbol: BECA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Berberidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 127. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Genus Berberis L. – barberry
Species Berberis canadensis Mill. – American barberry

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois Allegheny barberry Endangered
Indiana American barberry Endangered
Kentucky American barberry Endangered
Maryland American barberry Endangered, Extirpated
Pennsylvania American barberry Extirpated
Tennessee American barberry Special Concern
Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Berberis
Prohibited 1
1 bushes subject to attack by black stem rust are prohibited

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BECA2)
Flora of North America (BECA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BECA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BECA2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BECA2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae | Berberis

1. Berberis canadensis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Berberis no. 2. 1768.

Shrubs , deciduous, 0.4-2 m. Stems dimorphic, with long primary shoots and short axillary shoots. Bark of 2d-year stems purple or brown, glabrous. Bud scales 1-1.5 mm, deciduous. Spines present, simple or 3(-7)-fid. Leaves simple; petioles 0.2-0.8(-1.3) cm. Leaf blade oblanceolate or sometimes narrowly elliptic, 1-veined from base, 1.8-7.5 × 0.8-3.3 cm, thin and flexible, base long-attenuate, margins plane, toothed, each with 3-12 teeth 0-1 mm high tipped with bristles to 0.2-1.2 × 0.1-0.15 mm, apex rounded or rounded-obtuse; surfaces abaxially dull, smooth, adaxially dull, ± glaucous. Inflorescences racemose, lax, 3-12-flowered, 2-5.5 cm; bracteoles membranous, apex acuminate. Flowers: anther filaments without distal pair of recurved lateral teeth. Berries red, oblong-ellipsoid, 10 mm, juicy, solid. 2 n = 28.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). In woods or glades, on rocky slopes and near rivers; 100-700 m; Ala., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Mo., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Berberis canadensis is susceptible to infection by Puccinia graminis .

The Cherokee Indians used scraped bark of Berberis canadensis in infusions to treat diarrhea (D. E. Moermann 1986).

Updated: 2019-10-21 23:50:11 gmt
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