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Betula lenta L.
SWEET BIRCH
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Betula

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

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Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Betula lenta

Betula lenta, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, bark - of a large tree

Betula lenta, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Betula lenta, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Betula lenta, twig - winter overall
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, twig - winter overall

Betula lenta, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, twig - orientation of petioles

Betula lenta, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, leaf - whole upper surface

Betula lenta, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Betula lenta, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Betula lenta, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanthosomatidae  Elasmucha lateralis @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (5)
Aphididae  Calaphis betulaecolens @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Euceraphis mucida @ NCSU_ENT (17)

Melaphis rhois @ NCSU (3)
Bionectriaceae  Dendrodochium compressum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Fusicoccum gloeosporioides @ BPI (1)

Fusicoccum @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta betulae @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Oncopsis sobrius @ AMNH_IZC (4)

Oncopsis variabilis @ AMNH_IZC (3)
Corticiaceae  Corticium sulphureum @ BPI (1)
Corynidae  Coryne sarcoides @ BPI (4)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella fasciculata @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces cenangioides @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Chlorosplenium aeruginascens @ BPI (1)

Chlorosplenium aeruginosum @ BPI (3)

Dermea betulae @ BPI (1)

Dermea molliuscula @ BPI (4)

Gloeosporium betularum @ BPI (10)

Pezicula betulae @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe transversalis @ BPI (3)

Diaporthe @ BPI (2)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype albopruinosa @ BPI (1)

Diatrype platystoma @ BPI (2)

Diatrype stigma @ BPI (5)

Diatrypella betulina @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella discoidea @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella favacea @ BPI (4)

Eutypa spinosa @ BPI (2)

Eutypella angulosa @ BPI (3)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (1)

Libertella betulina @ BPI (6)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (10)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (3)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (18)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (4)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia ischnostyla @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia mirabilis @ BPI (8); 877504A (1)

Gnomonia tenellioides @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia @ BPI (1)

Ophiognomonia intermedia @ 877504B (1)

Ophiognomonia ischnostyla @ BPI (3)

Ophiognomonia nervisequa @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium furfuraceum @ BPI (1)

Pezizella @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum coralloides @ BPI (1)

Hydnum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete cinnamomea @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (4)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium pulicare @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Cyphellopsis anomala @ BPI (2)
Massariaceae  Massaria argus @ BPI (1)

Massaria @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Chapeckia nigrospora @ BPI (1)

Melanconis nigrospora @ BPI (3)

Prosthecium acrocystis @ BPI (1)

Pseudovalsa lanciformis @ BPI (1)

Pseudovalsa @ BPI (1)
Melanommataceae  Melanomma pulvis-pyrius @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Meruliopsis hirtella @ BPI (1)

Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia cinnabarina @ BPI (1)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Paraproba cincta @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Septoria betulae @ BPI (2)

Septoria betulicola @ BPI (4)

Septoria microsperma @ BPI (11)

Septoria septoriopsidis @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (5)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (2)

Nectria ditissima @ BPI (3)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (37)

Nectria @ BPI (1)

Neonectria ditissima @ BPI (3)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Papilionidae  Graphium album @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (3)

Peniophora filamentosa @ BPI (1)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Brochymena quadripustulata @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Chlorochroa granulosa @ CSUC_TCN (1)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete laevis @ BPI (1)
Piedraiaceae  Trichosporum @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Stegonsporium muricatum @ BPI (1)

Stegonsporium pyriforme @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus applicatus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus nigromarginatus @ BPI (1)

Coriolus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes bakeri @ BPI (2)

Fomes connatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (5)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (7)

Fomes pomaceus @ BPI (1)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (2)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (4)

Lenzites trabea @ BPI (2)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (2)

Panus strigosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (20)

Polyporus betulinus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus biformis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (4)

Polyporus caesius @ BPI (3)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (12)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (1)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (15)

Polyporus picipes @ BPI (3)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus resinosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (14)

Poria candidissima @ BPI (1)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (1)

Poria laevigata @ BPI (2)

Poria nitida @ BPI (2)

Poria obliqua @ BPI (2)

Poria purpurea @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (3)

Poria tenuis @ BPI (2)

Poria tomentocincta @ BPI (5)

Poria unita @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsoridium betulinum @ BPI (3)
Pyronemataceae  Phaeangium albofuscum @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (3)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex cinnamomeus @ BPI (3)

Irpex deformis @ BPI (1)

Irpex lacteus @ BPI (2)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (3)
Stereaceae  Stereum bicolor @ BPI (2)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (6)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum gausapatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (3)

Stereum ochraceoflavum @ BPI (3)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (6)

Stereum tuberculosum @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina flava @ BPI (1)

Taphrina @ BPI (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella sarcoides @ BPI (2)
Tricholomataceae  Trogia crispa @ BPI (12)
Ulvaceae  Solenia anomala @ BPI (2)

Solenia fasciculata @ BPI (1)

Solenia ochracea @ BPI (3)
Valsaceae  Valsa @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia concentrica @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon atroviride @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon fragiforme @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (4)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (12)

Hypoxylon @ BPI (1)

Nummularia bulliardii @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Xylaria polymorpha @ BPI (1)
_  Cryptocline betularum @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporella betulae-papyriferae @ BPI (1)

Exosporium @ BPI (1)

Gelatinosporium betulinum @ BPI (14)

Gelatinosporium fulvum @ BPI (3)

Leptothyrium @ BPI (2)

Mucronoporus gilvus @ BPI (1)

Pleurocolla compressa @ BPI (1)

Porothelium fimbriatum @ BPI (1)

Sacidium betulae @ BPI (1)

Sacidium microspermum @ BPI (14)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (1)

Zignoella @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/blenta.htm

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/betula/lenta.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BELE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BELE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BELE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BELE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BELE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BELE
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Betula lenta L.
sweet birch

Image of Betula lenta

General Information
Symbol: BELE
Group: Dicot
Family: Betulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Betula thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Harmony. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 609. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae – Birch family
Genus Betula L. – birch
Species Betula lenta L. – sweet birch

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BELE)
CalPhotos (BELE)
Flora of North America (BELE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BELE)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (BELE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BELE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BELE)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (BELE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Betula

3. Betula lenta Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753.

Sweet birch, cherry birch

Trees , to 20 m; trunks tall, straight, crowns narrow. Bark of mature trunks and branches light grayish brown to dark brown or nearly black, smooth, close, furrowed and broken into shallow scales with age. Twigs with taste and odor of wintergreen when crushed, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, usually covered with small resinous glands. Leaf blade ovate to oblong-ovate with 12--18 pairs of lateral veins, 5--10 × 3--6 cm, base rounded to cordate, margins finely and sharply serrate or obscurely doubly serrate, teeth fine, sharp, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially mostly glabrous, except sparsely pubescent along major veins and in vein axils, often with scattered, minute, resinous glands. Infructescences erect, ovoid to nearly globose, 1.5--4 × 1.5--2.5 cm, usually remaining intact for a period after release of fruits in fall; scales mostly glabrous, lobes diverging at or proximal to middle, central lobe short, cuneate, lateral lobes extended to slightly ascending, longer and broader than central lobe. Samaras with wings narrower than body, broadest near center, not extended beyond body apically. 2 n = 28.

Flowering late spring. Rich, moist, cool forests, especially on protected slopes, to rockier, more exposed sites; 0--1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Conn., Ga., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Betula lenta is a dominant tree in the northern hardwood forests of the northern Appalachians and a valuable source of timber. It was formerly the chief commercial source of wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate), which is distilled from its wood. Betula lenta is most easily separated from B . alleghaniensis by its close bark and the glabrous scales of infructescences.

Native Americans used Betula lenta medicinally to treat dysentery, colds, diarrhea, fevers, soreness, and milky urine, and as a spring tonic.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+lenta&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Betula+lenta&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Betula lenta%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Betula lenta
Betula lenta
Sweet Birch
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0365 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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