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Boerhavia diffusa L.
Common Spiderling; Giotcho; Hogweed; Tar Vine; Boerhavia caespitosa Ridl; Red spiderling; Boerhavia surinamensis; Boerhavia paniculata

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Nyctaginaceae   Boerhavia

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Boerhavia diffusa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhavia diffusa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Boerhavia diffusa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo platensis @ BPI (9)
Miridae  Campyloneuropsis annulatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora boerhaaviicola @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Caryophyllales  
 Family Nyctaginaceae  
 Genus Boerhavia  
  Boerhavia repens    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
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Synonyms: Boerhavia diffusa gymnocarpa Boerhavia diffusa pseudotetrandra Boerhavia diffusa sandwicensis Boerhavia diffusa tetrandra   details
Citation: Taiwania 52(4): 335, 2007
Name Code: 400940
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BODI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BODI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BODI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BODI3
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Boerhavia diffusa L.
red spiderling

General Information
Symbol: BODI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
PR   N
VI   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   




Symbol Scientific Name
BOGL6 Boerhavia glabrata Blume


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Nyctaginaceae – Four o'clock family
Genus Boerhavia L. – spiderling
Species Boerhavia diffusa L. – red spiderling

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BODI3)
Flora of North America (BODI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BODI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BOGL6)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BODI3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (BODI3)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Nyctaginaceae | Boerhavia

1. Boerhavia diffusa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 3. 1753.

Spreading hogweed, red spiderling

Herbs, perennial [rarely appearing annual], sometimes slightly woody at base; taproot fusiform, woody. Stems decumbent, ascending, or erect, usually profusely branched throughout, 3-10 dm, glabrous or minutely pubescent basally, glabrous or sparsely pubescent distally. Leaves mostly in basal 1 /2 of plant; larger leaves with petiole 10-30 mm, blade broadly lanceolate, ovate, or broadly ovate, occasionally ± round, 20-60 × 15-50 mm (distal leaves smaller, often proportionally narrower), base truncate, broadly cuneate, round, or shallowly cordate, often oblique, margins sinuate, apex obtuse to round, abaxial surface paler than adaxial, glabrous or minutely puberulent, sometimes glandular, usually with few large multicellular hairs on veins, adaxial surface glabrous, rarely sparsely puberulent, neither surface punctate. Inflorescences terminal, forked ca. 3-6 times ± equally, diffuse, occasionally with sticky internodal bands; branches divergent, terminating in compact subumbellate or capitate, 2-5-flowered clusters. Flowers: pedicel shorter than 0.5 mm; bract at base of perianth quickly deciduous, 1, lanceolate, 0.8-1 mm; perianth purplish red to reddish pink or nearly white, campanulate beyond constriction, 1-1.5 mm; stamens 2-3, included or barely exserted. Fruits (1-)2-5(-9) per cluster, gray-brown to brown, obpyramidal, (3-)3.5-4.5 × 1-1.2 mm (l/w: 2.8-4.1), apex broadly conic, with sparse or moderately dense stipitate-glandular hairs on ribs, less densely pubescent or glabrous in sulci [rarely entirely glabrous]; ribs 5, round, smooth; sulci ± 2-2.5 times as wide as base of ribs, not rugose, not papillate. 2 n = 26, 52, 54, 116.

Flowering mid winter-early fall [year-round]. Disturbed areas, waste places, roadsides, dry pinelands, among scrub on tropical reefs; 0-50[-1800] m; Fla., Ga., S.C.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; Asia; Africa; Indian Ocean Islands; Pacific Islands; Australia.

Boerhavia diffusa belongs to a pantropical complex whose distribution, because of differing taxonomic treatments, is not precisely discernable. In North America, the West Indies, and elsewhere, the complex has been treated as having one (e.g., R. W. Long and O. Lakela 1971; R. P. Wunderlin 1998) or two species (E. A. Kellogg 1988; J. K. Small 1913c; P. C. Standley 1918; C. Whitehouse 1996). In the latter situation various binomials have been used. The abrupt bend in the ribs near the fruit apex, making a broadly conic apex, seems to be a useful character for distinguishing most B. diffusa . The shape of the apex, the sparse pubescence of the fruit, the few fruits in individual terminal clusters, and the open, ± leafless inflorescence may have led R. E. Woodson Jr. and H. J. Kidd (1961) to suspect hybridization of this complex with the annual B. erecta . Hybridization is plausible (R. Spellenberg 2000), but clearly intermediate plants are not known.

The leaves are sometimes used as a vegetable (C. Whitehouse 1996). Extracts from roots are used to prepare an expectorant, a diuretic, and a laxative, and in treating asthma (S. P. Ambasta 1986).

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Boerhavia+diffusa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Boerhavia+diffusa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Boerhavia diffusa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhavia diffusa
Spreading Hogweed
ID: 0000 0000 1118 0510 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhavia diffusa
Spreading Hogweed
ID: 0000 0000 1118 0511 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhavia diffusa
Spreading Hogweed
ID: 0000 0000 1118 0512 [detail]
© 2018 Richard Spellenberg

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