Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray
PURPLE POPPYMALLOW
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Malvaceae   Callirhoe

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Callirhoe involucrata, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Callirhoe involucrata, leaf and flower

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Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Diadasia afflicta @ UCRC_ENT (4); BBSL (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora althaeina @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Endophyllum tuberculatum @ BPI (41)

Puccinia muehlenbergiae @ BPI (1)

Puccinia schedonnardi @ BPI (24)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium australe @ BPI (8)

Synchytrium callirrhoes @ BPI (6)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria bartholomaei @ BPI (10)

Pistillaria batesii @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium callirhoes @ BPI (3)

Aecidium napaeae @ BPI (1)

Aecidium tuberculatum @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Callirhoe involucrata (T. & G.) A. Gray

Purple Poppy Mallow

Callirhoe involucrata plant2

Family - Malvaceae

Habit - Perennial forb from a thickened taproot.

Stems - Sprawling or spreading with ascending tips, to 50 cm, densely pubescent with mostly stellate hairs, scabrous.

Callirhoe involucrata stem Stem and stipule.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, stipulate. Stipules persistent, auriculate, clasping, to 2 cm long, 2 cm broad, ovate or lanceolate, glabrous, with ciliate margins. Basal leaf petioles 5-9 cm long, pubescent with mostly stellate and sparse simple hairs. Basal leaf blades 2-6 cm long, kidney-shaped to nearly circular in outline, with 3 or 5 deep palmate lobes, these sometimes irregularly lobed again, broad or narrow, the margins entire or sparsely and coarsely toothed, the upper and lower surfaces pubescent with dense 4-rayed stellate and sparse simple hairs. Leaves of the aerial stems with the blades 3-8 cm long, broadly ovate-cordate to obovate in outline, with 3 or 5 deep palmate lobes, these usually pinnately lobed again, the margins entire to sparsely and coarsely toothed, the upper surface pubescent with simple hairs, the lower surface pubescent with stellate and simple hairs.

Callirhoe involucrata leaf1 Leaf adaxial.

Callirhoe involucrata leaf2 Leaf abaxial.

Callirhoe involucrata leaf Pressed leaf.

Inflorescence - Racemes with 4- 10 flowers, these on long peduncles. Peduncles hirsute, to 15 cm. Flowers closely subtended by 3 bractlets, these 8-13 mm long, linear to narrowly ovate or oblanceolate, with hairy margins.

Flowers - Calyces 5, 12-19 mm long, the outer surface densely pubescent with simple hairs (these often in irregular fascicles along the strongly raised nerves) and also with 4-rayed stellate hairs, the lobes 8-16 mm long, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate or less commonly narrowly ovate. Petals 5, 19-33 mm long, pale rose to more commonly wine red or purplish red, often with a lighter area toward the base, glabrous, blunt at apex. Stamen column 1.3 cm long. Filaments deep rose-pink. Anthers pale yellow. Styles 1 cm long, deep rose-pink, at first hidden by stamen column. Ovary of 15-20 carpels in a ring to 5 mm in diameter.

Callirhoe involucrata calyx2 Bractlets and calyx.

Callirhoe involucrata flower Flower.

Callirhoe involucrata flower2 Corolla, fully open.

Fruits - Schizocarps 9-12 mm in diameter, with 14-20 mericarps. Mericarps indehiscent, 3.0-4.5 mm long, the dorsal surface glabrous or pubescent with mostly simple hairs, the sides of the fertile portion with a reticulate pattern of thickenings, separated from the inconspicuous beaklike sterile portion but without a well-developed collar. Seeds 2-3 mm long, kidney-shaped, black or less commonly dark brown.

Callirhoe involucrata fruit Fruits.

Lookalikes - Callirhoe bushii , other members of the genus.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Prairies, open woods, roadsides, pastures, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a striking plant with largish flowers of an amazingly rich color. In Missouri it is the most common species of the genus. The plant's main range is to our west, centered in Nebraska through Oklahoma, and in those areas it can be very common. In Missouri it is more scattered. Identification of the Callirhoe genus is trivial, at least for plants in bloom, since nothing else in Missouri has the intensely wine-colored flowers. Differentiation of C. involucrata from other members of the genus can be a bit more challenging. Characters which point to this species are the presence of three bractlets immediately behind the 5-parted calyx, presence of branched hairs on the leaf undersides, and a sprawling (rather than upright) habit.

The plant does well in a garden setting and is favored due to its intensely colored flowers. Widespread cultivation has somewhat obscured the species' natural range. The roots of the perennial Callirhoe species are reportedly both edible and palatable.

Missouri's plants are referrable to var. involucrata . Two other varieties have been recognized on the basis of leaf division and bract characters. These occur to our southwest but are not found in Missouri.

Members of the Malvaceae typically have flower parts in multiples of five. The stamens are generally fused into a column, and this feature, along with the characteristically shaped fruits, are strong family indicators.

Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 7-8-03 (DETenaglia); also at Shaw Nature Reserve, Franklin County, MO, 6-8-2007 and 7-1-2013, near Halsey, Thomas County, NE, 6-9-2015, and at Ingalls US-50 rest area, Gray County, KS, 6-4-2016 (SRTurner).


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray
purple poppymallow

Image of Callirhoe involucrata

General Information
Symbol: CAIN2
Group: Dicot
Family: Malvaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Callirhoe thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Garden. July 30, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Garden. July 30, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Garden. July 30, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Garden. July 30, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, NV, Washoe Co., Garden. July 30, 2005. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 518. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Malvales
Family Malvaceae – Mallow family
Genus Callirhoe Nutt. – poppymallow
Species Callirhoe involucrata (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray – purple poppymallow

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Callirhoe involucrata . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Callirhoe involucrata</i>
(Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray var. <i>
involucrata </i>
Callirhoe involucrata var. involucrata
purple poppymallow Distribution of <i>
Callirhoe involucrata</i>
(Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray var. <i>
lineariloba </i>
Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
purple poppymallow

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Callirhoe involucrata low poppymallow purple poppymallow This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CAIN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAIN2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CAIN2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CAIN2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CAIN2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CAIN2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CAIN2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low Low
Gee Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt
Gee

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.
Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Number of matches : 13
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Callirhoe involucrata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cup
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0427 [detail]
© 2007 LTC William E. Ottinger, Ph.D.

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1468 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1469 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1470 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1286 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1287 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1288 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1290 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1291 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cups
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1292 [detail]
© 2014 Wynn Anderson

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
Wine Cup
ID: 0000 0000 0418 1013 [detail]
© 2018 Zoya Akulova

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
ID: 0000 0000 0119 2845 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Callirhoe involucrata
Callirhoe involucrata
ID: 0000 0000 0119 2844 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

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