Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
BULBOUS BITTERCRESS
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Cardamine

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Cardamine bulbosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine bulbosa

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Cardamine bulbosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
Cardamine bulbosa, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Cardamine bulbosa, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, leaf - on upper stem
Cardamine bulbosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Cardamine bulbosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, whole plant - in flower - general view
Cardamine bulbosa, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cardamine bulbosa, stem - showing leaf bases

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena arabis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) B.S.P. Bulbous Bitter-cress
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Native
Cardamine bulbosa Cardamine bulbosa
Ashland
April 2018 Cardamine bulbosa Cardamine bulbosa
Ashland
May 2018

Guide to Cardamine of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cardamine bulbosa  (Schreb.) BSP.

Spring Cress

Cardamine bulbosa plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Habit - Perennial forb, occasionally emergent aquatic, with short, tuberous rhizomes, these unsegmented or occasionally irregularly constricted into 2 or 3 segments.

Stems - Erect, to 60 cm, usually glabrous, occasionally with sparse, minute hairs in the apical half, green apically, purplish near the base, simple or branched above.

Cardamine bulbosa stem Stem.

Leaves - Alternate, simple, glabrous. Basal leaves petiolate, typically purplish abaxially. Petioles to 7 cm long. Blades ovate, with undulate margins, tapering at the base or truncate, to 5 cm long, 2.5-3 cm broad. Stem leaves becoming sessile or short petiolate, with a few coarse teeth or entire, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate.

Cardamine bulbosa leaf1 Leaf adaxial.

Cardamine bulbosa leaves Pressed leaves.

Inflorescence - Terminal racemes, compact in flower, elongating in fruit. Pedicels glabrous, to 1.8 cm long.

Cardamine bulbosa inflorescence Inflorescence.

Flowers - Sepals 4, 2.5-5.0 mm long, greenish yellow, glabrous, erect. Petals 4, 7-12 mm long, tapering to the base, rounded at apex, white, sometimes faintly pinkish-tinged, glabrous. Stamens 6, erect, 4 longer and 2 shorter. Filaments white, 5-6 mm long. Anthers 1.3 mm long, pale yellow. Ovary terete, 5 mm long, glabrous, yellow-green. Style 1.2 mm long. Stigma capitate.

Cardamine bulbosa calyx Calyx.

Cardamine bulbosa flower2 Flower.

Fruits - Siliques 20-30 mm long, sometimes aborting before maturity. Seeds 1.7-2.1 mm long, irregularly oblong to circular in outline, the surface slightly roughened, orange to greenish yellow.

Cardamine bulbosa fruit Immature fruit.

Flowering - March - June.

Habitat - Spring branches, wet meadows, pond margins, fens, bottomland forests, moist ledges of bluffs.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - None close. Flowers are similar to Cardamine concatenata but the leaves are completely different.

Other info. - This species can be found across most of Missouri, but is more common in the southern part of the state. It is fairly common in the eastern half of the continental U.S., but absent from the west. The plant likes to be in or near water and is easily identified by its rather large, 4-petaled white flowers. A closely related plant, C. douglassii , occurs in the northeast corner of the state, and is differentiated by having pink to purple petals. According to Yatskievych, the distinctness of this plant as a discrete species has been questioned.

Traditionally the leaves of this species were eaten in salads and add a sharp peppery taste reminiscent of horseradish. The plant is often associated with calcareous substrates. The specific epithet "bulbosa" refers to the bulbous corms.

Photographs taken at Whetstone Conservation Area, Callaway County, MO., 4-28-04 (DETenaglia); also at Canaan Conservation Area, Gasconade County, MO, 5-16-2013 and 5-6-2014 (SRTurner).


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
bulbous bittercress

Image of Cardamine bulbosa

General Information
Symbol: CABU3
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cardamine thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, TX. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, TX. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 186. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ARBU3 Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Muhl.
ARRH3 Arabis rhomboidea Pers.
CARH6 Cardamine rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Cardamine L. – bittercress
Species Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. – bulbous bittercress

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New Hampshire bulbous bitter-cress Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARBU3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ARRH3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CABU3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CARH6)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CABU3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CABU3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CABU3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CABU3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CABU3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 465, 469 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Cardamine

6. Cardamine bulbosa (Schreber ex Muhlenberg) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg, Prelim. Cat. 4. 1888.

Arabis bulbosa Schreber ex Muhlenberg, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 3: 174. 1793; A. rhomboidea Persoon; Cardamine rhomboidea (Persoon) de Candolle; C. rhomboidea var. hirsuta O. E. Schulz; C. rhomboidea var. parviflora O. E. Schulz; C. rhomboidea var. pilosa O. E. Schulz; Dentaria rhomboidea (Persoon) Greene; Dracamine bulbosa (Schreber ex Muhlenberg) Nieuwland

Perennials; glabrous or sparsely pubescent distally. Rhizomes (tuberous at stem base, sometimes also at intervals) subglobose, lobed, 4-15 mm diam. (fleshy). Stems erect, unbranched, (1-)2-6 dm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on distal 1/2 (trichomes 0.02-0.1 mm). Rhizomal leaves simple, (2-)4-13(-16) cm; petiole (1.5-)2.5-10(-13) cm; blade usually reniform to cordate or ovate, rarely oblong, (1-)2-4(-6) cm, base obtuse to cordate, margins usually repand or entire, rarely shallowly dentate. Cauline leaves (2-)4-10 (-14), simple, petiolate or sessile; (middle ones) shortly petiolate or (distally) sessile, base not auriculate; blade ovate to oblong, or oblong-linear to lanceolate, 3-6(-9) cm × 10-30(-45) mm, margins entire, repand, or dentate (margins minutely pubescent). Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, (10-)15-22 (-30) mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, 2.5-4.5 × 1.5-2 mm, lateral pair not saccate basally, (glabrous); petals usually white, rarely pale pink, obovate, (6-)7-12(-16) × 3-5 mm, (short-clawed, apex rounded); filaments: median pairs 4.5-7 mm, lateral pair 2-3.5 mm; anthers oblong, 1-1.5 mm. Fruits linear, 2-3.5(-4) cm × 1.4-1.7 mm; ovules 14-24 per ovary; style 2-4(-5) mm. Seeds dark orange to greenish yellow, oblong or globose, 1.7-2.1 × 1-1.4 mm. 2 n = 16, 56, 64, 80, 96, 112.

Flowering Mar-Jun. Wet grounds, low woodland, moss hummocks, alluvial woods, grassy floodplains, wet pastures, meadows, pinelands, creek bottoms, stream banks, sandy bottoms, ditches, mesic or wet forests, swamps, marshes, seepy bluffs; 0-900 m; Man., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Updated: 2019-11-18 14:44:39 gmt
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