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Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph. Wood
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Cardamine

Cardamine diphylla
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Cardamine diphylla

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Cardamine diphylla
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 7
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 7
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 6
Cardamine diphylla

Cardamine diphylla, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 6
Cardamine diphylla, pollen
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla

Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla

Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cardamine diphylla

Cardamine diphylla
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Cardamine diphylla
Cardamine diphylla
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 5
Cardamine diphylla

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena arabis @ CUIC_ENT (61)

Andrena carlini @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (6)
Halictidae  Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Wood Pepper-root Bittercress
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Cardamine diphylla Cardamine diphylla
Brandywine Creek State Park
April 2004

Guide to Cardamine of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CADI10 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CADI10
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CADI10 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CADI10
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CADI10 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CADI10
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Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph. Wood

Image of Cardamine diphylla

General Information
Symbol: CADI10
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cardamine thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 188. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
DEDI6 Dentaria diphylla Michx.
DEIN14 Dentaria incisa Small


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Cardamine L. – bittercress
Species Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph. Wood – crinkleroot

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (CADI10)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CADI10)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DEDI6)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CADI10)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CADI10)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CADI10)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CADI10)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 224, 466, 472 , 477 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Cardamine

13. Cardamine diphylla (Michaux) Alph. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 37. 1870.

Dentaria diphylla Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 30. 1803; D. bifolia Stokes; D. incisa Small

Perennials; usually glabrous, rarely sparsely pubescent. Rhizomes (unsegmented), cylindrical, 2-10 mm diam., (somewhat uniform, fleshy, not fragile, with dentate leaf scars). Stems erect, unbranched, (1.2-)1.5-3.5(-4) dm, rarely sparsely pubescent distally. Rhizomal leaves 3-foliolate, (5.5-)8-22(-26) cm, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole (3-)4.5-16(-20) cm; lateral leaflets subsessile or petiolulate, blade often similar to terminal, base sometimes oblique; terminal leaflet (petiolule 0.5-1.2 cm), blade ovate-elliptic to broadly ovate, (2-) 3.5-8(-10) cm × (5-)20-65(-80) mm, base cuneate to obtuse, margins coarsely crenate or dentate, (surfaces puberulent, trichomes to 0.1 mm). Cauline leaves 2 (or 3) [(sub)opposite], 3-foliolate, (similar to rhizomal leaves), petiolate, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole (1-)2-4.5 cm, base not auriculate; lateral leaflets similar to terminal; terminal leaflet subsessile or petiolulate (0.2-1 cm), blade broadly elliptic to ovate, (2-)4-8(-10) cm × 10-50 mm, margins coarsely dentate or crenate, (margins minutely puberulent). Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, (10-)15-30 (-36) mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, (4-)5-8 × 2-3 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally; petals white or pink to purple, obovate to oblanceolate, (7-)9-15(-17) × (3-)4-7 mm, (short-clawed, apex rounded); filaments: median pairs 5-8 mm, lateral pair 3.5-6 mm; anthers linear to oblong, 2.5-3 mm. Fruits linear-lanceolate, 1.5-4 cm × 1.5-2.5 mm; ovules 10-14 per ovary; style 4-8(-10) mm. Seeds (rarely produced) brown, oblong, 2-2.2 × 1.2-1.5 mm (cotyledons incumbent). 2 n = 96.

Flowering Apr-Jun. Wooded bottoms and ravines, cliffs, bluffs, ledges, shaded slopes, meadows, moist fields, alluvial banks, rich woods; 50-1300 m; N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cardamine+diphylla&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cardamine+diphylla&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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