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Carex lonchocarpa . Willd
SOUTHERN LONG SEDGE
Carex smalliana Mack

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Cyperaceae   Carex

Carex lonchocarpa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carex lonchocarpa

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Carex lonchocarpa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carex lonchocarpa
Carex lonchocarpa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carex lonchocarpa

Carex lonchocarpa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carex lonchocarpa
Carex lonchocarpa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carex lonchocarpa
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Calo9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Calo9
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Calo9 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Calo9
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Calo9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Calo9
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Carex lonchocarpa Willd.
southern long sedge


General Information
Symbol: CALO9
Group: Monocot
Family: Cyperaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CAFOA Carex folliculata L. var. australis L.H. Bailey
CASM2 Carex smalliana Mack.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family
Genus Carex L. – sedge
Species Carex lonchocarpa Willd. – southern long sedge

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (CALO9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAFOA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CALO9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CASM2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CALO9)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CALO9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CALO9
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CALO9 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CALO9
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CALO9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CALO9
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Carex lonchocarpa Willd.
southern long sedge


General Information
Symbol: CALO9
Group: Monocot
Family: Cyperaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CAFOA Carex folliculata L. var. australis L.H. Bailey
CASM2 Carex smalliana Mack.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family
Genus Carex L. – sedge
Species Carex lonchocarpa Willd. – southern long sedge

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (CALO9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAFOA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CALO9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CASM2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CALO9)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 23 Page 515, 516 , 517 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

401. Carex lonchocarpa Willdenow ex Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 817. 1826.

Carex folliculata Linnaeus var. australis L. H. Bailey; C. smalliana Mackenzie

Culms obtusely trigonous in cross section, (25—)35—125 cm, smooth. Leaves: ligules 1.5—13(—18) mm, narrower to wider than long; blades yellowish or light green, M-shaped to flat, widest leaves of vegetative shoots (3.5—)4—12 mm wide, smooth or sometimes papillose adaxially, especially distally. Inflorescences (3—)15—50 cm; bract sheaths prolonged, apex truncate to convex; proximal (1—)2—4 spikes usually androgynous or, occasionally, pistillate, erect or the proximal spreading, ovoid to short cylindric. Pistillate scales ovate to narrowly ovate, mostly 1/2—2/3 as long as perigynia, apex acute to acuminate-awned. Anthers 3—5 mm. Perigynia spreading to somewhat reflexed, pale green, 20—26-veined, essentially uninflated, lanceolate, (8.3—) 10.5—13.5(—15) × 1.5—2.4 mm, 4—7 times as long as wide, apex tapered to bidentulate; beak absent. Achenes 2.3—3.4(—3.8) × 1.8—2.4 mm, 1.3—1.8 times as long as wide.

Fruiting late spring—summer. Wet savannas, forests, seeps, stream banks, lakeshores, in sandy, peaty, or acidic soils; 0—600 m; Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Carex lonchocarpa, often regarded as a variety of C. folliculata, is smaller than C. folliculata and usually has narrower leaves, fewer lateral spikes (these usually with a staminate apex and erect or spreading), shorter but relatively broader achenes, shorter pistillate scales, and narrower perigynia that are somewhat reflexed at maturity. Substantial differences in achene micromorphology also support recognition of C. lonchocarpa as a distinct species (D. E. Wujek and F. J. Menapace 1986). The ranges of these two taxa are largely allopatric, although they overlap slightly in southern Virginia, eastern Maryland, and Delaware.

Updated: 2019-09-22 09:53:25 gmt
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