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Carex purpurifera Mack.
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Carex purpurifera Mack.
purple sedge

General Information
Symbol: CAPU12
Group: Monocot
Family: Cyperaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   




Symbol Scientific Name
CALAP3 Carex laxiflora Lam. var. purpurifera (Mack.) Gleason


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family
Genus Carex L. – sedge
Species Carex purpurifera Mack. – purple sedge

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Georgia purple sedge Threatened
Ohio purple wood sedge Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CAPU12)
Flora of North America (CAPU12)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CALAP3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAPU12)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CAPU12)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 23 Page 433, 437 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

267. Carex purpurifera Mackenzie in J. K. Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 216, 1503. 1933.

Culms densely tufted, erect, ascending, rarely decumbent, 28—56 cm × 0.7—1.2 mm. Leaves: basal sheaths purple; sheaths 7—54 mm; blades erect or ascending, midrib well developed especially abaxially, 2 lateral veins developed adaxially, flat, 24—48 cm × 5—10 mm, dead leaves lateral to new clumps; blade of owerwintered leaves desnsely papillose abaxially. Inflorescences: peduncles of pistillate spike absent; of terminal spike (0.4—)3.1—5.4(—15.7) cm. Bracts 0.14—0.92 cm × 2—3.5 mm, bract blade of distal lateral spikes linear, narrower than spikes; widest bract blade of distalmost lateral spike 0.5—3.4 mm wide. Spikes usually 4 per culm; lateral spikes 14—45 × 2.2—4.5 mm; terminal spike linear, 12—32 × 2—3.5 mm; exeeding bract blade of distalmost lateral spike. Pistillate scales 3—5 × 1.4—2 mm, apex acute to aristate, awn to 2 mm, serrulate. Staminate scales 7—11 × 1.2—2 mm, margins hyaline or purplish. Anthers 3.2—4 mm. Perigynia 4—16 per spike, loosely overlapping, ratio of longer lateral spike length to perigynia number 1.9—3.4, finely, conspicuously (22—)25—32-veined, oblong-elliptic, 3.6—4.1 × 1.8—2.2 mm; beak slightly curved, 0.8—1.4 mm. Achenes ovate, 3.4—3.8 × 1.6—2 mm. 2n = 34, 36, 38.

Fruiting spring. Moist, deciduous or, rarely, mixed deciduous-evergreen forests, around limestone escarpments, washes, sinks, and cave entrances; 200—1100 m; Ala., Ga., Ky., N.C., Ohio, Tenn., Va.

Updated: 2019-09-16 15:01:43 gmt
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