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Ceanothus americanus L.
NEW JERSEY TEA
Ceanothus intermedius

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rhamnaceae   Ceanothus

Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus

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Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus

Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus

Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus

Ceanothus americanus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ceanothus americanus, New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ceanothus americanus, whole tree or vine - general

Ceanothus americanus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ceanothus americanus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Ceanothus americanus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ceanothus americanus, leaf - whole upper surface

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma ceanothi @ BPI (4)
Andrenidae  Andrena alleghaniensis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena brevipalpis @ UCRC_ENT (8); CUIC_ENT (17)

Andrena commoda @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (11); NDB (6); AMNH_BEE (24)

Andrena cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (4); UCRC_ENT (6)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena virginiana @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Calliopsis andreniformis @ UCRC_ENT (11)

Pseudopanurgus pauper @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Anthocoridae  Orius insidiosus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Ceruraphis eriophori @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Bombus bimaculatus @ NDB (1)

Bombus impatiens @ NDB (2)

Ceratina mikmaqi @ AMNH_BEE (1); NDB (1)

Ceratina strenua @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia ceanothi @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta ceanothi @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis ceanothi @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Aphrophora saratogensis @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Cicadellidae  Nionia palmeri @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Colletidae  Colletes brevicornis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Colletes eulophi @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hylaeus affinis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Hylaeus illinoisensis @ UCRC_ENT (2)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (5); UCRC_ENT (7)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium incarnatum @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium ceanothi @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype ceanothi @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (37)
Gnomoniaceae  Discula ceanothi @ BPI (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ NDB (1)

Augochlorella persimilis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum coreopsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum floridanum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Lasioglossum tegulare @ NDB (1)

Lasioglossum vierecki @ NDB (3); AMNH_BEE (5)

Sphecodes atlantis @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Sphecodes heraclei @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium furfuraceum @ BPI (1)
Hesperiidae  Achalarus lyciades @ I_RPY (1)

Oligoria maculata @ I_RPY (1)

Pompeius verna @ I_RPY (1)

Urbanus proteus @ I_RPY (1)
Hysteriaceae  Gloniopsis connivens @ BPI (1)
Lycaenidae  Cupido comyntas @ I_RPY (1)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus turcicus @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades carinata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hoplitis spoliata @ BBSL (1)

Hoplitis truncata @ NDB (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Melittidae  Macropis ciliata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Miridae  Neolygus omnivagus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neurocolpus nubilus @ MEMU_ENT (4)

Prepops @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Teleorhinus cyaneus @ AMNH_PBI (6)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora ceanothi @ BPI (5)

Cercospora macclatchieana @ BPI (2)
Reduviidae  Phymata fasciata @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Pselliopus cinctus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (1)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena pulicaria @ NCSU (2)
Tingidae  Gargaphia angulata @ AMNH_IZC (2)
_  Allocoris pulicaria @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Phlyctaena ceanothi @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Duke University
   
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http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ceam.html ---> https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ceam.html
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ceam.html

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Ceanothus americanus L.

New Jersey Tea

Ceanothus americanus plant

Family - Rhamnaceae

Habit - Shrubs, to 1 m.

Stems - Erect with ascending branches, woody, multiple from base, densely pubescent with a mix of longer and shorter hairs above, minutely hairy to glabrous below.

Ceanothus americanus stem Upper portion of stem.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petiole to 6 mm long, densely pubescent. Blades 1-8 cm long, 0.5-5.0 cm wide, ovate to oblong-ovate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, bluntly or sharply pointed, sharply and finely toothed, the upper surface rugose and sparsely to moderately pubescent with short, somewhat cobwebby hairs, rarely glabrous, the undersurface moderately to densely short-hairy, rarely glabrous.

Ceanothus americanus leaves2 Stem and leaves.

Ceanothus americanus leaves Leaves.

Inflorescence - Terminal panicles on short branchlets that are axillary on the main branchlets of the current-year's growth, relatively long-stalked. Inflorescence stalks to 6 cm long, densely pubescent, longer than subtending leaf. Panicle to 4 cm, hemispheric to cylindric. Pedicels white, glabrous, expanded at apex below calyx, to 6 mm.

Ceanothus americanus inflorescence2 Inflorescence.

Flowers - Perfect. Sepals 5, 0.5-1.0 mm long, oblong, acute, ciliate margined, 1 mm long, deciduous. Petals 5, 1.5-2.5 mm long, white, spreading, clawed, the claw to 1 mm long. Limb cupped or folded, tuberculate externally, 0.8 mm long. Stamens 5, opposite the petals, erect. Filaments to 1 mm long, whitish with a purple tinge, glabrous. Anthers purplish. Style 0.2 mm long, 3-lobed. Ovary surrounded by a purple nectary ring, 3-locular. Hypanthium 1 mm long, white, persistent in fruit.

Ceanothus americanus flower Individual flower.

Fruits - Capsulelike, modified drupes, with 3 lobes and 3 stones, 4-5 mm broad, the outer surface thin, leathery, black, not glaucous, the stones dehiscing explosively at maturity, tearing open the outer fruit layers and expelling the seeds. Seeds 1.5-2.0 mm long, more or less obovate in outline, somewhat anglar, the surface smooth, reddish brown to brown, shiny.

Ceanothus americanus fruits Fruits [C. herbaceus]

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Prairies, glades, open woods, thickets, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Lookalikes - Ceanothus herbaceus .

Other info. - This species is common across Missouri, the eastern half of the U.S., and parts of Canada. It is reasonably easy to identify, with puffy white inflorescences and textured, alternate leaves. The fruits are unmistakable. Various authors have subdivided the species into three varieties, two of which occur in Missouri. Variety pitcheri T.&G. is the more common, appearing as described above. A rare variety, var. intermedius (Pursh) K. Koch, has smaller leaves which are glabrous above and only slightly pubescent below. This latter variety is only found in a couple of counties in the eastern portion of the state. However, Yatskievych and others have suggested that varietal recognition be deferred pending more research on the genus.

Another species, C. herbaceus , resembles C. americanus , but has peduncles which typically do not exceed the subtending leaf, leaves which are oblong-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, and flower clusters which are more globose in shape. Note that the fruit picture above is actually of C. ovatus , but the fruits of the two species are virtually identical.

C. americanus has a long history of use by humans. It was used as tea substitute during both the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. Native Americans prepared root tea for treatment of respiratory tract infections. Other reported uses include treatment of venereal disease, dysentery, and spleen disorders, and as a styptic / coagulant. The plant contains numerous and structurally varied secondary metabolites, including steroidal acids, flavonoids, and unusual macrocyclic peptides termed "peptide alkaloids" due to their alkaline nature. Some of these compounds have shown weak antimicrobial properties, and bark extracts have been found to have hypotensive activity. Some species of Ceanothus fix nitrogen via root nodules, in a manner similar to legumes.

Photographs taken at the James C. McCormack Conservation Area, Holt County, MO., 6-30-00, and off Hwy 106, Shannon County, MO., 6-6-03 (DETenaglia); also at Onondaga Cave State Park, Crawford County, MO, 6-12-2014 (SRTurner).


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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ceanothus americanus L.
New Jersey tea

Image of Ceanothus americanus

General Information
Symbol: CEAM
Group: Dicot
Family: Rhamnaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ceanothus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MI, Grand Rapids. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 504. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CEAMI Ceanothus americanus L. var. intermedius (Pursh) Torr. & A. Gray
CEAMP Ceanothus americanus L. var. pitcheri Torr. & A. Gray
CEIN11 Ceanothus intermedius Pursh

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rhamnales
Family Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn family
Genus Ceanothus L. – ceanothus
Species Ceanothus americanus L. – New Jersey tea

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine New Jersey tea Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CEAM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEAM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEAMI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEAMP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEIN11)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CEAM)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CEAM)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CEAM)
Native Plants Network (CEAM)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CEAM)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CEAM)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CEAM)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CEAM)
Related Websites
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (CEAM)
KY-Wildflowers of Western Kentucky (CEAM)
MO-MBG Plant Finder (CEAM)
NC-Native Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (CEAM)
NY-Brooklyn Botanic Garden (CEAM)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (CEAM)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CEAM)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (CEAM)
Wildflowers of the Southeastern U.S. (CEAM)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ceanothus+americanus+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ceanothus+americanus+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 15
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ceanothus americanus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0382 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0383 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0384 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0385 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0386 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0387 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0388 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0389 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0390 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0391 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0827 [detail]
© 2010 Jeff Abbas

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0828 [detail]
© 2010 Jeff Abbas

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0829 [detail]
© 2010 Jeff Abbas

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0857 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Ceanothus americanus
Ceanothus americanus
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0858 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

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